MUGWORT

OTHER NAME(S):

Altamisa, Armoise, Armoise Citronnelle, Armoise Commune, Armoise Vulgaire, Artémise, Artemisia, Artemisia Vulgaris, Artemisiae Vulgaris Herba, Artemisiae Vulgaris Radix, Carline Thistle, Felon Herb, Gemeiner Beifuss, Herbe aux Cent Goûts, Herbe de Feu, Herbe de la Saint-Jean, Herbe Royale, Hierba de San Juan, Nagadamni, Remise, Sailor's Tobacco, St. John's Plant, Tabac de Saint-Pierre, Wild Wormwood.

Overview

Overview Information

Mugwort is a plant. The parts that grow above the ground and the root are used to make medicine.

People use mugwort for stomach and intestinal conditions, irregular periods, lack of energy, scarring, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

How does it work?

The chemicals in mugwort might stimulate the uterus.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Thick, raised scars (hypertrophic scars). Developing research suggests that applying a lotion containing mugwort and menthol directly to the skin relieves itching in severe burn victims.
  • Stomach problems (colic, diarrhea, cramps, constipation, slow digestion, vomiting).
  • Epilepsy.
  • Irregular menstrual periods.
  • Low energy.
  • Anxiety.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Constipation.
  • Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea).
  • Excessive crying in infants (colic).
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Seizure disorder (epilepsy).
  • To promote labor.
  • Depression.
  • Hypochondria.
  • Insomnia.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of mugwort for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: There isn't enough reliable information to know if mugwort is safe. It might cause side effects such as mania when used in very high doses.

When applied to the skin: There isn't enough reliable information to know if mugwort is safe or what the side effects might be.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: It's LIKELY UNSAFE to use mugwort if you are pregnant. Mugwort might cause a miscarriage because it can start menstruation and also cause the uterus to contract.

There isn't enough reliable information to know if mugwort is safe to use when breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Allergies: Mugwort may cause an allergic reaction in individuals who are allergic to the Asteraceae/Compositae plant family. Members of this family include ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigolds, daisies, and many other herbs.

Mugwort might also cause an allergic reaction in people who are allergic to birch, celery, fennel, or wild carrot. This has been called the "celery-carrot-mugwort-spice syndrome." People with allergies to these plants might be more likely to be allergic to the drug called oseltamivir (Tamiflu).

There is also some concern that mugwort might cause allergic reactions in people with allergies to white mustard, honey, royal jelly, hazelnut, pine nuts, olive, latex, peach, kiwi, mango, the Micronesian nut called Nangai, and other plants from the genus Artemisia, including sage.

Mugwort pollen might cause reactions in people who are allergic to tobacco.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for MUGWORT Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of mugwort depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for mugwort. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Anliker, M. D., Borelli, S., and Wuthrich, B. Occupational protein contact dermatitis from spices in a butcher: a new presentation of the mugwort-spice syndrome. Contact Dermatitis 2002;46(2):72-74. View abstract.
  • Darsow, U., Vieluf, D., and Ring, J. Evaluating the relevance of aeroallergen sensitization in atopic eczema with the atopy patch test: a randomized, double-blind multicenter study. Atopy Patch Test Study Group. J Am Acad.Dermatol 1999;40(2 Pt 1):187-193. View abstract.
  • de la Torre, Morin F., Sanchez, Machin, I, Garcia Robaina, J. C., Fernandez-Caldas, E., and Sanchez, Trivino M. Clinical cross-reactivity between Artemisia vulgaris and Matricaria chamomilla (chamomile). J Investig.Allergol.Clin.Immunol 2001;11(2):118-122. View abstract.
  • Garcia Ortiz, J. C., Cosmes, P. M., and Lopez-Asunsolo, A. Allergy to foods in patients monosensitized to Artemisia pollen. Allergy 1996;51(12):927-931. View abstract.
  • Herold, D. A., Wahl, R., Maasch, H. J., Hausen, B. M., and Kunkel, G. Occupational wood-dust sensitivity from Euonymus europaeus (spindle tree) and investigation of cross reactivity between E.e. wood and Artemisia vulgaris pollen (mugwort). Allergy 1991;46(3):186-190. View abstract.
  • Hiltermann, T. J., de Bruijne, C. R., Stolk, J., Zwinderman, A. H., Spieksma, F. T., Roemer, W., Steerenberg, P. A., Fischer, P. H., van Bree, L., and Hiemstra, P. S. Effects of photochemical air pollution and allergen exposure on upper respiratory tract inflammation in asthmatics. Am J Respir.Crit Care Med 1997;156(6):1765-1772. View abstract.
  • Baek CH, Bae YJ, Cho YS, Moon HB, Kim TB. Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis in the celery-mugwort-birch-spice syndrome. Allergy. 2010;65(6):792-3. View abstract.
  • Bauer L, Ebner C, Hirschwehr R, et al. IgE cross-reactivity between birch pollen, mugwort pollen, and celery is due to three distinct cross-reacting allergens: immunoblot investigation of the birch-mugwort-celery syndrome. Clin Exp Allergy 1996;26:1161-70. View abstract.
  • Borghesan F, Mistrello G, Amato S, Giuffrida MG, Villalta D, Asero R. Mugwort-fennel-allergy-syndrome associated with sensitization to an allergen homologous to Api g 5. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2013;45(4):130-7. View abstract.
  • Caballero T, Pascual C, Garcia-Ara MC, Ojeda JA, Martin-Esteban M. IgE crossreactivity between mugwort pollen (Artemisia vulgaris) and hazelnut (Abellana nux) in sera from patients with sensitivity to both extracts. Clin Exp Allergy 1997;27:1203-11. View abstract.
  • Di Lorenzo C, Ferretti F, Moro E, et al. Identification and quantification of thujone in a case of poisoning due to repeated ingestion of an infusion of Artemisia vulgaris L. J Food Sci. 2018;83(8):2257-2264. View abstract.
  • Diez-Gomez, M. L., Quirce, S., Cuevas, M., Sanchez-Fernandez, C., Baz, G., Moradiellos, F. J., and Martinez, A. Fruit-pollen-latex cross-reactivity: implication of profilin (Bet v 2). Allergy 1999;54(9):951-961. View abstract.
  • Fetrow CW, Avila JR. Professional's Handbook of Complementary & Alternative Medicines. 1st ed. Springhouse, PA: Springhouse Corp., 1999.
  • Figueroa, J., Blanco, C., Dumpierrez, A. G., Almeida, L., Ortega, N., Castillo, R., Navarro, L., Perez, E., Gallego, M. D., and Carrillo, T. Mustard allergy confirmed by double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges: clinical features and cross-reactivity with mugwort pollen and plant-derived foods. Allergy 2005;60(1):48-55. View abstract.
  • Gonzalez, E. M., Villalba, M., and Rodriguez, R. Allergenic cross-reactivity of olive pollen. Allergy 2000;55(7):658-663. View abstract.
  • Hirschfeld G, Weber L, Renkl A, Scharffetter-Kochanek K, Weiss JM. Anaphylaxis after Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) therapy in a patient with sensitization to star anise and celery-carrot-mugwort-spice syndrome. Allergy. 2008;63(2):243-4. View abstract.
  • Katial, R. K., Lin, F. L., Stafford, W. W., Ledoux, R. A., Westley, C. R., and Weber, R. W. Mugwort and sage (Artemisia) pollen cross-reactivity: ELISA inhibition and immunoblot evaluation. Ann.Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1997;79(4):340-346. View abstract.
  • Kim SH, Lee SM, Park HW, et al. Chinese bellflower root anaphylaxis: IgE-binding components and cross-reactivity with mugwort and birch. Korean J Intern Med. 2009;24(3):279-82. View abstract.
  • Lombardi C, Senna GE, Gatti B, et al. Allergic reactions to honey and royal jelly and their relationship with sensitization to compositae. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 1998;26:288-90. View abstract.
  • Moore M. Herbal Materia Medica fifth edition, Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: Bisbee, AZ 1995.
  • Ogawa R, Hyankusoju H, Ogawa K, Nakao C. Effectiveness of mugwort lotion for the treatment of post-burn hypertrophic scars. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2008;61:210-2. View abstract.
  • Ortega N, Quiralte N, Blanco C, et al. Tobacco allergy: demonstration of cross-reactivity with other members of Solanaceae family and mugwort pollen. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1999;82:194-7. View abstract.
  • Pastorello, E. A., Pravettoni, V., Farioli, L., Rivolta, F., Conti, A., Ispano, M., Fortunato, D., Bengtsson, A., and Bianchi, M. Hypersensitivity to mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) in patients with peach allergy is due to a common lipid transfer protein allergen and is often without clinical expression. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 2002;110(2):310-317. View abstract.
  • Rodrigues-Alves R, Pregal A, Pereira-Santos MC, et al. Anaphylaxis to pine nut: cross-reactivity to Artemisia vulgaris? Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2008;36(2):113-6. View abstract.
  • Rudeschko, O., Fahlbusch, B., Steurich, F., Schlenvoigt, G., and Jager, L. Kiwi allergens and their cross-reactivity with birch, rye, timothy, and mugwort pollen. J.Investig.Allergol.Clin.Immunol. 1998;8(2):78-84. View abstract.
  • Silva R, Lopes C, Castro E, et al. Anaphylaxis to mango fruit and crossreactivity with Artemisia vulgaris pollen. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2009;19(5):420-2. View abstract.
  • Sten, E., Stahl, Skov P., Andersen, S. B., Torp, A. M., Olesen, A., Bindslev-Jensen, U., Poulsen, L. K., and Bindslev-Jensen, C. Allergenic components of a novel food, Micronesian nut Nangai (Canarium indicum), shows IgE cross-reactivity in pollen allergic patients. Allergy 2002;57(5):398-404. View abstract.
  • Subiza J, Subiza JL, Hinojosa M, et al. Anaphylactic reaction after the ingestion of chamomile tea; a study of cross-reactivity with other composite pollens. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1989;84:353-8. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

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