SPOTTED GERANIUM

OTHER NAME(S):

Cranesbill, G. maculatum, Geranio Manchado, Geranium, Geranium maculatum, Géranium Taché, Géranium Tacheté, Spotted Cranesbill, Wild Geranium, Wood Geranium.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Spotted geranium is a plant that grows in North America. It is found most frequently in eastern Canada, as well as in the northern, central, and eastern regions of the United States. The whole plant and the root are used to make medicine.

People use spotted geranium for skin wounds, diarrhea, other problems with digestion, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

How does it work?

Spotted geranium contains chemicals called tannins. These have a drying effect and might be useful for conditions such as diarrhea.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for



TAKEN BY MOUTH APPLIED TO THE SKIN More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of spotted geranium for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: There isn't enough reliable information to know if spotted geranium is safe or what the possible side effects might be.

When applied to the skin: There isn't enough reliable information to know if spotted geranium is safe or what the possible side effects might be.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if spotted geranium is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for SPOTTED GERANIUM Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of spotted geranium depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for spotted geranium. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Amabeoku, G. J. Antidiarrhoeal activity of Geranium incanum Burm. f. (Geraniaceae) leaf aqueous extract in mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 5-4-2009;123(1):190-193. View abstract.
  • Amaral, S., Mira, L., Nogueira, J. M., da Silva, A. P., and Helena, Florencio M. Plant extracts with anti-inflammatory properties--a new approach for characterization of their bioactive compounds and establishment of structure-antioxidant activity relationships. Bioorg.Med Chem 3-1-2009;17(5):1876-1883. View abstract.
  • Calzada, F., Cerda-Garcia-Rojas, C. M., Meckes, M., Cedillo-Rivera, R., Bye, R., and Mata, R. Geranins A and B, new antiprotozoal A-type proanthocyanidins from Geranium niveum. J Nat Prod 1999;62(5):705-709. View abstract.
  • Corina, P., Dimitris, S., Emanuil, T., and Nora, R. [Treatment with acyclovir combined with a new Romanian product from plants]. Oftalmologia 1999;46(1):55-57. View abstract.
  • Girgenti, P. and Suss, L. [Repellent activity against Aedes aegypti (L.) of formulas based on natural vegetable extracts or synthetic active agents]. Ann.Ig 2002;14(3):205-210. View abstract.
  • Huang, G. D., You, Y., Huang, Y. H., Tang, L. J., Yang, Z. F., Xu, L., Huang, D. F., and Xiao, M. Z. [Effects of Geranium sibirum extracts on liver metastases in nude mice with colonic cancer]. Zhong.Yao Cai. 2009;32(1):97-99. View abstract.
  • Kim, S. I., Chang, K. S., Yang, Y. C., Kim, B. S., and Ahn, Y. J. Repellency of aerosol and cream products containing fennel oil to mosquitoes under laboratory and field conditions. Pest.Manag.Sci 2004;60(11):1125-1130. View abstract.
  • Lee, J. C., Tsai, C. Y., Kao, J. Y., Kao, M. C., Tsai, S. C., Chang, C. S., Huang, L. J., Kuo, S. C., Lin, J. K., and Way, T. D. Geraniin-mediated apoptosis by cleavage of focal adhesion kinase through up-regulation of Fas ligand expression in human melanoma cells. Mol Nutr Food Res 2008;52(6):655-663. View abstract.
  • Li, J., Huang, H., Feng, M., Zhou, W., Shi, X., and Zhou, P. In vitro and in vivo anti-hepatitis B virus activities of a plant extract from Geranium carolinianum L. Antiviral Res 2008;79(2):114-120. View abstract.
  • Li, J., Huang, H., Zhou, W., Feng, M., and Zhou, P. Anti-hepatitis B virus activities of Geranium carolinianum L. extracts and identification of the active components. Biol Pharm Bull 2008;31(4):743-747. View abstract.
  • Magesa, S. M. and Kamugisha, M. L. Evaluation of the bio-efficacy of three brands of repellents against wild populations of anthropophilic mosquitoes. Tanzan.Health Res Bull. 2006;8(3):145-148. View abstract.
  • Murzakhmetova, M., Moldakarimov, S., Tancheva, L., Abarova, S., and Serkedjieva, J. Antioxidant and prooxidant properties of a polyphenol-rich extract from Geranium sanguineum L. in vitro and in vivo. Phytother.Res 2008;22(6):746-751. View abstract.
  • Schelz, Z., Molnar, J., and Hohmann, J. Antimicrobial and antiplasmid activities of essential oils. Fitoterapia 2006;77(4):279-285. View abstract.
  • Serkedjieva, J. and Hay, A. J. In vitro anti-influenza virus activity of a plant preparation from Geranium sanguineum L. Antiviral Res 1998;37(2):121-130. View abstract.
  • Serkedjieva, J. and Ivancheva, S. Antiherpes virus activity of extracts from the medicinal plant Geranium sanguineum L. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999;64(1):59-68. View abstract.
  • Serkedjieva, J. Inhibition of influenza virus protein synthesis by a plant preparation from Geranium sanguineum L. Acta Virol. 1995;39(1):5-10. View abstract.
  • Serkedjieva, J., Gegova, G., and Mladenov, K. Protective efficacy of an aerosol preparation, obtained from Geranium sanguineum L., in experimental influenza infection. Pharmazie 2008;63(2):160-163. View abstract.
  • Shim, J. U. and Lim, K. T. Antioxidative activity of glycoprotein isolated from Geranium sibiricum Linne. Nat Prod Res 2009;23(4):375-387. View abstract.
  • Sigurdsson, S. and Gudbjarnason, S. Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase by extracts and constituents from Angelica archangelica and Geranium sylvaticum. Z Naturforsch.C. 2007;62(9-10):689-693. View abstract.
  • Tasev, T., Toleva, P., and Balabanova, V. [Neurophysical effect of Bulgarian essential oils from rose, lavender and geranium]. Folia Med (Plovdiv) 1969;11(5):307-317. View abstract.
  • Yin, H. B., Kang, T. G., Xu, L., and Wang, B. [Identification on Geranium by X-ray diffraction fourier fingerprint patterns and similarity degree of different fingerprint patterns]. Zhong.Yao Cai. 2007;30(12):1513-1517. View abstract.
  • Zuo, G. Y., Wang, G. C., Zhao, Y. B., Xu, G. L., Hao, X. Y., Han, J., and Zhao, Q. Screening of Chinese medicinal plants for inhibition against clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). J Ethnopharmacol. 11-20-2008;120(2):287-290. View abstract.
  • Foster S, Duke JA. The Peterson Field Guide to Medicinal Plants: Eastern and Central North America. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1990.
  • Guevara JM, Chumpitaz J, Valencia E. [The in vitro action of plants on Vibrio cholerea]. Rev Gastroenterol Peru 1994;14:27-31. View abstract.
  • Weiner MA. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. New York, NY: Ballantine Books; 1980.
  • Wiebe E. A randomized trial of aromatherapy to reduce anxiety before abortion. Eff Clin Pract 2000;3(4):166-9. View abstract.
  • Girgenti, P. and Suss, L. [Repellent activity against Aedes aegypti (L.) of formulas based on natural vegetable extracts or synthetic active agents]. Ann.Ig 2002;14(3):205-210. View abstract.
  • Kim, S. I., Chang, K. S., Yang, Y. C., Kim, B. S., and Ahn, Y. J. Repellency of aerosol and cream products containing fennel oil to mosquitoes under laboratory and field conditions. Pest.Manag.Sci 2004;60(11):1125-1130. View abstract.
  • Magesa, S. M. and Kamugisha, M. L. Evaluation of the bio-efficacy of three brands of repellents against wild populations of anthropophilic mosquitoes. Tanzan.Health Res Bull. 2006;8(3):145-148. View abstract.
  • Foster S, Duke JA. The Peterson Field Guide to Medicinal Plants: Eastern and Central North America. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1990.
  • Guevara JM, Chumpitaz J, Valencia E. [The in vitro action of plants on Vibrio cholerea]. Rev Gastroenterol Peru 1994;14:27-31. View abstract.
  • Van Etten ML, Chang SM. Frequency-dependent pollinator discrimination acts against female plants in the gynodioecious Geranium maculatum. Ann Bot. 2014;114(8):1769-78. View abstract.
  • Weiner MA. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. New York, NY: Ballantine Books; 1980.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

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