GUARUMO

OTHER NAME(S):

Cecropia obtusifolia, Chancarro, Grayumbo, Guarumbo, Hormiguillo, Pop-a-gun, Snakewood Tree, Tree of Laziness, Trompeto, Trumpet Tree, Yagrumo.

Overview

Overview Information

Guarumo is a tree. The leaves and stem are used to make medicine.

Guarumo is taken by mouth for asthma, bronchitis, diabetes, heart failure, high blood pressure, liver disorders, and joint diseases. It is also taken by mouth to relax muscles, promote sleep, reduce pain, and increase urination.

Guarumo is applied to the skin to reduce swelling and treat skin diseases.

How does it work?

Guarumo appears to reduce blood sugar levels by slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates. Guarumo also seems to reduce pain and swelling, lower blood pressure, and increase urination. It also appears to depress the central nervous system, causing a muscle relaxation.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of guarumo for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Guarumo is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth as a tea. Tea prepared with guarumo appears to be safe when taken by mouth daily for up to 32 weeks. But guarumo might cause some mild side effects, including excessive salivation, heartburn, and feeling tired.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

: Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking guarumo if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Diabetes: Guarumo might lower blood sugar levels. People with diabetes should monitor their blood glucose levels closely. If you have diabetes, it's best to check with your healthcare provider before starting guarumo.

Low blood pressure: Guarumo might lower blood pressure. In theory, guarumo might lower pressure too much if taken by people who already have low blood pressure.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for GUARUMO Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

BY MOUTH:

  • For diabetes: Tea prepared with 1 gram of dried guarumo leaves and taken three times daily for 21 days has been used. Also, tea prepared with 13.5 grams of guarumo leaves and taken once daily for 32 weeks has been used.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Alonso-Castro, A. J., Miranda-Torres, A. C., Gonzalez-Chavez, M. M., and Salazar-Olivo, L. A. Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol and its active compound, chlorogenic acid, stimulate 2-NBDglucose uptake in both insulin-sensitive and insulin-resistant 3T3 adipocytes. J Ethnopharmacol 2008;120(3):458-64. View abstract.
  • Alvarez-Buylla ER, Martinez-Ramos M. Demography and allometry of Cecropia obtusifolia, a neotropical pioneer tree - an evaluation of the climax-pioneer paradigm for tropical rain forests. J Ecol 1992;80:275-290.
  • Andrade-Cetto, A. and Wiedenfeld, H. Hypoglycemic effect of Cecropia obtusifolia on streptozotocin diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol 2001;78(2-3):145-9. View abstract.
  • Andrade-Cetto, A., Becerra-Jimenez, J., and Cardenas-Vazquez, R. Alfa-glucosidase-inhibiting activity of some Mexican plants used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. J Ethnopharmacol 2008;116(1):27-32. View abstract.
  • Herrera-Arellano, A., Aguilar-Santamaria, L., Garcia-Hernandez, B., Nicasio-Torres, P., and Tortoriello, J. Clinical trial of Cecropia obtusifolia and Marrubium vulgare leaf extracts on blood glucose and serum lipids in type 2 diabetics. Phytomedicine 2004;11(7-8):561-566. View abstract.
  • Mellado, V. and Lozoya, M. Effect of the aqueous extract of Cecropia obtusifolia on the blood sugar of normal and pancreatectomized dogs. Int J Crude Drug Res 1984;22:11-16.
  • Perez-Guerrero, C., Herrera, M. D., Ortiz, R., Alvarez, de Sotomayor, and Fernandez, M. A. A pharmacological study of Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol aqueous extract. J Ethnopharmacol 2001;76(3):279-84. View abstract.
  • Revilla-Monsalve, M. C., Andrade-Cetto, A., Palomino-Garibay, M. A., Wiedenfeld, H., and Islas-Andrade, S. Hypoglycemic effect of Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol aqueous extracts on type 2 diabetic patients. J Ethnopharmacol 2007;111(3):636-40. View abstract.
  • Salas, I. G., Morales, O. M., and Brenes, J. R. Effect of chronic administration of Cecropia obtusifolia (Moraceae) on mean arterial pressure in rats. Rev Biol Trop 1987;35(2):359-62. View abstract.
  • Salas, I., Brenes, J. R., and Morales, O. M. Antihypertensive effect of Cecropia obtusifolia (Moraceae) leaf extract on rats. Rev Biol Trop 1987;35(1):127-30. View abstract.
  • Toledo, V. M., Tellez, M. G., Sortibran, A. N., Andrade-Cetto, A., and Rodriguez-Arnaiz, R. Genotoxicity testing of Cecropia obtusifolia extracts in two in vivo assays: the wing somatic mutation and recombination test of Drosophila and the human cytokinesis-block micronucleus test. J Ethnopharmacol 2008;116(1):58-63. View abstract.
  • Vargas-Howell, R. and Ulate-Montero, G. [Diuretic effect of Cecropia obtusifolia (Moraceae) on albino rats]. Rev Biol Trop 1996;44(1):93-6. View abstract.
  • Vidrio, H., Garcia-Marquez, F., Reyes, J., and Soto, R. M. Hypotensive activity of Cecropia obtusifolia. J Pharm Sci 1982;71:475-76. View abstract.
  • Alonso-Castro, A. J., Miranda-Torres, A. C., Gonzalez-Chavez, M. M., and Salazar-Olivo, L. A. Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol and its active compound, chlorogenic acid, stimulate 2-NBDglucose uptake in both insulin-sensitive and insulin-resistant 3T3 adipocytes. J Ethnopharmacol 2008;120(3):458-64. View abstract.
  • Alvarez-Buylla ER, Martinez-Ramos M. Demography and allometry of Cecropia obtusifolia, a neotropical pioneer tree - an evaluation of the climax-pioneer paradigm for tropical rain forests. J Ecol 1992;80:275-290.
  • Andrade-Cetto, A. and Wiedenfeld, H. Hypoglycemic effect of Cecropia obtusifolia on streptozotocin diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol 2001;78(2-3):145-9. View abstract.
  • Andrade-Cetto, A., Becerra-Jimenez, J., and Cardenas-Vazquez, R. Alfa-glucosidase-inhibiting activity of some Mexican plants used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. J Ethnopharmacol 2008;116(1):27-32. View abstract.
  • Herrera-Arellano, A., Aguilar-Santamaria, L., Garcia-Hernandez, B., Nicasio-Torres, P., and Tortoriello, J. Clinical trial of Cecropia obtusifolia and Marrubium vulgare leaf extracts on blood glucose and serum lipids in type 2 diabetics. Phytomedicine 2004;11(7-8):561-566. View abstract.
  • Mellado, V. and Lozoya, M. Effect of the aqueous extract of Cecropia obtusifolia on the blood sugar of normal and pancreatectomized dogs. Int J Crude Drug Res 1984;22:11-16.
  • Perez-Guerrero, C., Herrera, M. D., Ortiz, R., Alvarez, de Sotomayor, and Fernandez, M. A. A pharmacological study of Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol aqueous extract. J Ethnopharmacol 2001;76(3):279-84. View abstract.
  • Revilla-Monsalve, M. C., Andrade-Cetto, A., Palomino-Garibay, M. A., Wiedenfeld, H., and Islas-Andrade, S. Hypoglycemic effect of Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol aqueous extracts on type 2 diabetic patients. J Ethnopharmacol 2007;111(3):636-40. View abstract.
  • Salas, I. G., Morales, O. M., and Brenes, J. R. Effect of chronic administration of Cecropia obtusifolia (Moraceae) on mean arterial pressure in rats. Rev Biol Trop 1987;35(2):359-62. View abstract.
  • Salas, I., Brenes, J. R., and Morales, O. M. Antihypertensive effect of Cecropia obtusifolia (Moraceae) leaf extract on rats. Rev Biol Trop 1987;35(1):127-30. View abstract.
  • Toledo, V. M., Tellez, M. G., Sortibran, A. N., Andrade-Cetto, A., and Rodriguez-Arnaiz, R. Genotoxicity testing of Cecropia obtusifolia extracts in two in vivo assays: the wing somatic mutation and recombination test of Drosophila and the human cytokinesis-block micronucleus test. J Ethnopharmacol 2008;116(1):58-63. View abstract.
  • Vargas-Howell, R. and Ulate-Montero, G. [Diuretic effect of Cecropia obtusifolia (Moraceae) on albino rats]. Rev Biol Trop 1996;44(1):93-6. View abstract.
  • Vidrio, H., Garcia-Marquez, F., Reyes, J., and Soto, R. M. Hypotensive activity of Cecropia obtusifolia. J Pharm Sci 1982;71:475-76. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

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