SESAME

OTHER NAME(S):

Ajonjolí, Beniseed, Benneseed, Benniseed, Chamkkae, Gergelim, Gimgelim, Gingelly, Goma, Hu Ma, Sesam, Sésame, Sesamo, Sésamo, Sesamum indicum , Sesamum mulayanum, Sesamum orientale, Simsim, Til, Ufuta, Wangila, Zhi Ma.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Sesame is crop that is grown for the oil in its seed. It is found in tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, Africa, and South America. Compared to similar crops, such as peanuts, soybean, and rapeseed, the seeds of sesame are believed to have the most oil. Sesame seeds are also rich sources of protein, vitamins, and antioxidants.

People take sesame by mouth for Alzheimer's disease, anemia, arthritis, heart disease prevention, cataracts, constipation, high cholesterol, infertility in men, menopause, osteoporosis, pain, stomach ulcers, stomach cancer, stroke, and weight loss.

People apply sesame oil to the skin for aging skin, hair loss, anxiety, frostbite, psoriasis, warts, wound healing, and to prevent bug bites.

People use sesame oil injections to improve the vocal cords.

In foods, sesame oil is used as cooking oil and to make dressings and sauces. Sesame seeds are added to food for flavoring.

How does it work?

Sesame seems to stimulate the immune system and increase how quickly skin wounds heal. Sesame might slow how fast sugar is absorbed from food. This might help people with diabetes. Sesame might also eliminate bacteria that cause plaque. Sesame contains calcium, which might help treat rickets. Sesame also has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Ineffective for

  • Cough. Research suggests that taking sesame oil by mouth at bedtime for 3 days does not reduce coughing in children with a cold.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Weight loss due to AIDS. Early research suggests that consuming a chickpea sesame-based, ready-to-use food supplement daily for 3 months, along with antibiotics, improves weight gain in people with HIV who are chronically sick.
  • Burns. Early research suggests that applying a burn ointment containing sesame oil, beta-sitosterol, berberine, and other ingredients every 4 hours improves healing rate and reduces pain in people with burns.
  • Diabetes. Early research suggests that replacing other cooking oils with a specific brand of sesame oil (Idhayam Gingelly oil, V.V.V. & Songs, Virudhunagar, Tamilnadu, India) for 45 days reduces blood sugar in people with diabetes who are also taking the drug glibenclamide.
  • Gingivitis. Early research suggests that oil pulling, which involves swishing oil around the mouth, for one minute daily before brushing in the morning for 10 days reduces dental plaque and gingivitis in boys with gingivitis.
  • High blood pressure. Early research suggests that replacing other cooking oils with a specific brand of sesame oil (Idhayam Gingelly oil, V.V.V. & Songs, Virudhunagar, Tamilnadu, India) for 45-60 days reduces blood pressure in people with high blood pressure who are also taking blood pressuring-lowering medications.
  • Infant growth. Early research suggests that giving a daily message to infants using sesame oil for 4 weeks improves growth.
  • Rickets. Early research suggests that adding high calcium foods to the diet, including ground sesame seeds, improves rickets in children.
  • Blockage in the small bowel. Early research suggests that adding sesame oil through a tube that is inserted into the stomach through the nose along with standard care reduces the need for surgery in people with small bowel blockage when compared to standard care alone.
  • Alzheimer's disease.
  • Anemia.
  • Arthritis.
  • Heart disease prevention.
  • Cataracts.
  • Constipation.
  • High cholesterol.
  • Infertility in men.
  • Menopause.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Pain.
  • Stomach ulcers.
  • Stomach cancer.
  • Stroke.
  • Weight loss.
  • Aging skin.
  • Hair loss.
  • Anxiety.
  • Frostbite.
  • Psoriasis.
  • Warts.
  • Wound healing.
  • Bug bite prevention.
  • Vocal cord improvement.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate sesame for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Sesame is LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth in amounts commonly found in food.

Sesame is POSSIBLY SAFE when inserted to the stomach through the nose or when used as a nasal spray, short-term. A specific nasal spray (Nozoil) containing sesame oil has been used safely for up to 20 days.

There is not enough information available to know if sesame is safe to take for medical conditions by other routes.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Sesame is LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth in amounts commonly found in food. There is not enough information available to know if sesame is safe to take in amounts used for medicine while pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Children: Sesame is LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth in amounts commonly found in food. Sesame is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth appropriately, short-term. A dose of 5 mL of sesame oil has been used safely before bedtime for up to 3 days.

Diabetes: Sesame might affect blood sugar levels. In theory, sesame might affect blood sugar control in people with diabetes.

Low blood pressure: Sesame might lower blood pressure. In theory, sesame might make blood pressure drop too low in people who already have low blood pressure.

Surgery: Sesame might affect blood sugar levels. In theory, sesame might interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery. If you have a planned surgery, stop using sesame as a medicine at least 2 weeks before.
Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for SESAME Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of sesame depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for sesame (in children/in adults). Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

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  • Kobayashi, N., Unten, S., Kakuta, H., Komatsu, N., Fujimaki, M., Satoh, K., Aratsu, C., Nakashima, H., Kikuchi, H., Ochiai, K., and Sakagami, H. Diverse biological activities of healthy foods. In Vivo 2001;15(1):17-23. View abstract.
  • Konan, A. B., Datte, J. Y., and Yapo, P. A. Nitric oxide pathway-mediated relaxant effect of aqueous sesame leaves extract (Sesamum radiatum Schum. & Thonn.) in the guinea-pig isolated aorta smooth muscle. BMC Complement Altern Med 2008;8:23. View abstract.
  • Kong, X., Yang, J. R., Guo, L. Q., Xiong, Y., Wu, X. Q., Huang, K., and Zhou, Y. Sesamin improves endothelial dysfunction in renovascular hypertensive rats fed with a high-fat, high-sucrose diet. Eur J Pharmacol 2009;620(1-3):84-89. View abstract.
  • Koopman, M., Richter, C., Parren, R. J., and Janssen, M. Bodybuilding, sesame oil and vasculitis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2005;44(9):1135. View abstract.
  • Kozlowska, H., Zadernowski, R., and Sosulski, F. W. Phenolic acids in oilseed flours. Nahrung 1983;27(5):449-453. View abstract.
  • Kubo, Y., Nonaka, S., and Yoshida, H. Contact sensitivity to unsaponifiable substances in sesame oil. Contact Dermatitis 1986;15(4):215-217. View abstract.
  • Kumar, P., Kalonia, H., and Kumar, A. Protective Effect of Sesamol against 3-Nitropropionic Acid-Induced Cognitive Dysfunction and Altered Glutathione Redox Balance in Rats. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2010;107:577-82. View abstract.
  • Kumar, P., Kalonia, H., and Kumar, A. Sesamol attenuate 3-nitropropionic acid-induced Huntington-like behavioral, biochemical, and cellular alterations in rats. J Asian Nat Prod Res 2009;11(5):439-450. View abstract.
  • Lahaie-Collins, V., Bournival, J., Plouffe, M., Carange, J., and Martinoli, M. G. Sesamin modulates tyrosine hydroxylase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, inducible NO synthase and interleukin-6 expression in dopaminergic cells under MPP+-induced oxidative stress. Oxid Med Cell Longev 2008;1(1):54-62. View abstract.
  • Lawrence, J. F., Chadha, R. K., Iverson, F., McGuire, P., and Conacher, H. B. Brominated fatty acid distribution in tissues and fluids of rats fed brominated vegetable oils. Lipids 1984;19(9):704-707. View abstract.
  • Lazarou, D., Grougnet, R., and Papadopoulos, A. Antimutagenic properties of a polyphenol-enriched extract derived from sesame-seed perisperm. Mutat Res 2007;634(1-2):163-171. View abstract.
  • Lease, J. G. The effect of autoclaving sesame meal on its phytic acid content and on the availability of its zinc to the chick. Poult Sci 1966;45(2):237-241. View abstract.
  • Leduc, V., Moneret-Vautrin, D. A., Tzen, J. T., Morisset, M., Guerin, L., and Kanny, G. Identification of oleosins as major allergens in sesame seed allergic patients. Allergy 2006;61(3):349-356. View abstract.
  • Lee, C. C., Chen, P. R., Lin, S., Tsai, S. C., Wang, B. W., Chen, W. W., Tsai, C. E., and Shyu, K. G. Sesamin induces nitric oxide and decreases endothelin-1 production in HUVECs: possible implications for its antihypertensive effect. J Hypertens 2004;22(12):2329-2338. View abstract.
  • Lee, J. K., Park, B. J., Yoo, K. Y., and Ahn, Y. O. Dietary factors and stomach cancer: a case-control study in Korea. Int J Epidemiol 1995;24(1):33-41.
  • Lee, S. Y., Ha, T. Y., Son, D. J., Kim, S. R., and Hong, J. T. Effect of sesaminol glucosides on beta-amyloid-induced PC12 cell death through antioxidant mechanisms. Neurosci Res 2005;52(4):330-341. View abstract.
  • Lee, S. Y., Son, D. J., Lee, Y. K., Lee, J. W., Lee, H. J., Yun, Y. W., Ha, T. Y., and Hong, J. T. Inhibitory effect of sesaminol glucosides on lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-kappaB activation and target gene expression in cultured rat astrocytes. Neurosci Res 2006;56(2):204-212. View abstract.
  • Lee, W. J., Ou, H. C., Wu, C. M., Lee, I. T., Lin, S. Y., Lin, L. Y., Tsai, K. L., Lee, S. D., and Sheu, W. H. Sesamin mitigates inflammation and oxidative stress in endothelial cells exposed to oxidized low-density lipoprotein. J Agric Food Chem 2009;57(23):11406-11417. View abstract.
  • Leite, M. S., Pacheco, P., Gomes, R. N., Guedes, A. T., Castro-Faria-Neto, H. C., Bozza, P. T., and Koatz, V. L. Mechanisms of increased survival after lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxic shock in mice consuming olive oil-enriched diet. Shock 2005;23(2):173-178. View abstract.
  • Liao, C. D., Hung, W. L., Lu, W. C., Jan, K. C., Shih, D. Y., Yeh, A. I., Ho, C. T., and Hwang, L. S. Differential tissue distribution of sesaminol triglucoside and its metabolites in rats fed with lignan glycosides from sesame meal with or without nano/submicrosizing. J Agric Food Chem 2010;58(1):563-569. View abstract.
  • Lin, L. J., Liao, P. C., Yang, H. H., and Tzen, J. T. Determination and analyses of the N-termini of oil-body proteins, steroleosin, caleosin and oleosin. Plant Physiol Biochem 2005;43(8):770-776. View abstract.
  • Kita, S., Matsumura, Y., Morimoto, S., Akimoto, K., Furuya, M., Oka, N., and Tanaka, T. Antihypertensive effect of sesamin. II. Protection against two-kidney, one-clip renal hypertension and cardiovascular hypertrophy. Biol Pharm Bull 1995;18(9):1283-1285. View abstract.
  • Kobayashi, N., Unten, S., Kakuta, H., Komatsu, N., Fujimaki, M., Satoh, K., Aratsu, C., Nakashima, H., Kikuchi, H., Ochiai, K., and Sakagami, H. Diverse biological activities of healthy foods. In Vivo 2001;15(1):17-23. View abstract.
  • Konan, A. B., Datte, J. Y., and Yapo, P. A. Nitric oxide pathway-mediated relaxant effect of aqueous sesame leaves extract (Sesamum radiatum Schum. & Thonn.) in the guinea-pig isolated aorta smooth muscle. BMC Complement Altern Med 2008;8:23. View abstract.
  • Kong, X., Yang, J. R., Guo, L. Q., Xiong, Y., Wu, X. Q., Huang, K., and Zhou, Y. Sesamin improves endothelial dysfunction in renovascular hypertensive rats fed with a high-fat, high-sucrose diet. Eur J Pharmacol 2009;620(1-3):84-89. View abstract.
  • Koopman, M., Richter, C., Parren, R. J., and Janssen, M. Bodybuilding, sesame oil and vasculitis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2005;44(9):1135. View abstract.
  • Kozlowska, H., Zadernowski, R., and Sosulski, F. W. Phenolic acids in oilseed flours. Nahrung 1983;27(5):449-453. View abstract.
  • Kubo, Y., Nonaka, S., and Yoshida, H. Contact sensitivity to unsaponifiable substances in sesame oil. Contact Dermatitis 1986;15(4):215-217. View abstract.
  • Kumar, P., Kalonia, H., and Kumar, A. Protective Effect of Sesamol against 3-Nitropropionic Acid-Induced Cognitive Dysfunction and Altered Glutathione Redox Balance in Rats. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2010;107:577-82. View abstract.
  • Kumar, P., Kalonia, H., and Kumar, A. Sesamol attenuate 3-nitropropionic acid-induced Huntington-like behavioral, biochemical, and cellular alterations in rats. J Asian Nat Prod Res 2009;11(5):439-450. View abstract.
  • Lahaie-Collins, V., Bournival, J., Plouffe, M., Carange, J., and Martinoli, M. G. Sesamin modulates tyrosine hydroxylase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, inducible NO synthase and interleukin-6 expression in dopaminergic cells under MPP+-induced oxidative stress. Oxid Med Cell Longev 2008;1(1):54-62. View abstract.
  • Lawrence, J. F., Chadha, R. K., Iverson, F., McGuire, P., and Conacher, H. B. Brominated fatty acid distribution in tissues and fluids of rats fed brominated vegetable oils. Lipids 1984;19(9):704-707. View abstract.
  • Lazarou, D., Grougnet, R., and Papadopoulos, A. Antimutagenic properties of a polyphenol-enriched extract derived from sesame-seed perisperm. Mutat Res 2007;634(1-2):163-171. View abstract.
  • Lease, J. G. The effect of autoclaving sesame meal on its phytic acid content and on the availability of its zinc to the chick. Poult Sci 1966;45(2):237-241. View abstract.
  • Leduc, V., Moneret-Vautrin, D. A., Tzen, J. T., Morisset, M., Guerin, L., and Kanny, G. Identification of oleosins as major allergens in sesame seed allergic patients. Allergy 2006;61(3):349-356. View abstract.
  • Lee, C. C., Chen, P. R., Lin, S., Tsai, S. C., Wang, B. W., Chen, W. W., Tsai, C. E., and Shyu, K. G. Sesamin induces nitric oxide and decreases endothelin-1 production in HUVECs: possible implications for its antihypertensive effect. J Hypertens 2004;22(12):2329-2338. View abstract.
  • Lee, J. K., Park, B. J., Yoo, K. Y., and Ahn, Y. O. Dietary factors and stomach cancer: a case-control study in Korea. Int J Epidemiol 1995;24(1):33-41.
  • Lee, S. Y., Ha, T. Y., Son, D. J., Kim, S. R., and Hong, J. T. Effect of sesaminol glucosides on beta-amyloid-induced PC12 cell death through antioxidant mechanisms. Neurosci Res 2005;52(4):330-341. View abstract.
  • Lee, S. Y., Son, D. J., Lee, Y. K., Lee, J. W., Lee, H. J., Yun, Y. W., Ha, T. Y., and Hong, J. T. Inhibitory effect of sesaminol glucosides on lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-kappaB activation and target gene expression in cultured rat astrocytes. Neurosci Res 2006;56(2):204-212. View abstract.
  • Lee, W. J., Ou, H. C., Wu, C. M., Lee, I. T., Lin, S. Y., Lin, L. Y., Tsai, K. L., Lee, S. D., and Sheu, W. H. Sesamin mitigates inflammation and oxidative stress in endothelial cells exposed to oxidized low-density lipoprotein. J Agric Food Chem 2009;57(23):11406-11417. View abstract.
  • Leite, M. S., Pacheco, P., Gomes, R. N., Guedes, A. T., Castro-Faria-Neto, H. C., Bozza, P. T., and Koatz, V. L. Mechanisms of increased survival after lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxic shock in mice consuming olive oil-enriched diet. Shock 2005;23(2):173-178. View abstract.
  • Liao, C. D., Hung, W. L., Lu, W. C., Jan, K. C., Shih, D. Y., Yeh, A. I., Ho, C. T., and Hwang, L. S. Differential tissue distribution of sesaminol triglucoside and its metabolites in rats fed with lignan glycosides from sesame meal with or without nano/submicrosizing. J Agric Food Chem 2010;58(1):563-569. View abstract.
  • Lin, L. J., Liao, P. C., Yang, H. H., and Tzen, J. T. Determination and analyses of the N-termini of oil-body proteins, steroleosin, caleosin and oleosin. Plant Physiol Biochem 2005;43(8):770-776. View abstract.
  • Liu, X. W., Sok, D. E., Yook, H. S., Sohn, C. B., Chung, Y. J., and Kim, M. R. Inhibition of lysophospholipase D activity by unsaturated lysophosphatidic acids or seed extracts containing 1-linoleoyl and 1-oleoyl lysophosphatidic acid. J Agric Food Chem 2007;55(21):8717-8722. View abstract.
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  • Loke, W. M., Proudfoot, J. M., Hodgson, J. M., McKinley, A. J., Hime, N., Magat, M., Stocker, R., and Croft, K. D. Specific dietary polyphenols attenuate atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-knockout mice by alleviating inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2010;30(4):749-757. View abstract.
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  • Ide, T., Lim, J. S., Odbayar, T. O., and Nakashima, Y. Comparative study of sesame lignans (sesamin, episesamin and sesamolin) affecting gene expression profile and fatty acid oxidation in rat liver. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 2009;55(1):31-43. View abstract.
  • Ikeda, S., Abe, C., Uchida, T., Ichikawa, T., Horio, F., and Yamashita, K. Dietary sesame seed and its lignan increase both ascorbic acid concentration in some tissues and urinary excretion by stimulating biosynthesis in rats. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 2007;53(5):383-392. View abstract.
  • Jacklin, A., Ratledge, C., Welham, K., Bilko, D., and Newton, C. J. The sesame seed oil constituent, sesamol, induces growth arrest and apoptosis of cancer and cardiovascular cells. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2003;1010:374-380. View abstract.
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  • Jamarkattel-Pandit, N., Pandit, N. R., Kim, M. Y., Park, S. H., Kim, K. S., Choi, H., Kim, H., and Bu, Y. Neuroprotective effect of defatted sesame seeds extract against in vitro and in vivo ischemic neuronal damage. Planta Med 2010;76(1):20-26. View abstract.
  • James, C., Williams-Akita, A., Rao, Y. A., Chiarmonte, L. T., and Scheider, A. T. Sesame seed anaphylaxis. N Y State J Med 1991;91(10):457-458. View abstract.
  • Jan, K. C., Hwang, L. S., and Ho, C. T. Biotransformation of sesaminol triglucoside to mammalian lignans by intestinal microbiota. J Agric Food Chem 2009;57(14):6101-6106. View abstract.
  • Jeng, K. C., Hou, R. C., Wang, J. C., and Ping, L. I. Sesamin inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced cytokine production by suppression of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and nuclear factor-kappaB. Immunol Lett 2005;97(1):101-106. View abstract.
  • Ji, Z. L., Li, J. S., Yuan, C. W., Chen, W. D., Zhang, Y. N., Ju, X. T., and Tang, W. H. Therapeutic value of sesame oil in the treatment of adhesive small bowel obstruction. Am J Surg 2010;199(2):160-165. View abstract.
  • Johnsen, J., Bratt, B. M., Michel-Barron, O., Glennow, C., and Petruson, B. Pure sesame oil vs isotonic sodium chloride solution as treatment for dry nasal mucosa. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2001;127(11):1353-1356. View abstract.
  • Joshi, R., Kumar, M. S., Satyamoorthy, K., Unnikrisnan, M. K., and Mukherjee, T. Free radical reactions and antioxidant activities of sesamol: pulse radiolytic and biochemical studies. J Agric Food Chem 2005;53(7):2696-2703. View abstract.
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  • Kamei, H., Koide, T., Hashimoto, Y., Kojima, T., Hasegawa, M., and Umeda, T. Effect of allomelanin on tumor growth suppression in vivo and on the cell cycle phase. Cancer Biother Radiopharm 1997;12(4):273-276. View abstract.
  • Kamei, H., Koide, T., Kojima, T., Hasegawa, M., and Umeda, T. Suppression of growth of cultured malignant cells by allomelanins, plant-produced melanins. Cancer Biother Radiopharm 1997;12(1):47-49. View abstract.
  • Kang, M. H., Kawai, Y., Naito, M., and Osawa, T. Dietary defatted sesame flour decreases susceptibility to oxidative stress in hypercholesterolemic rabbits. J Nutr 1999;129(10):1885-1890. View abstract.
  • Kang, M. H., Naito, M., Sakai, K., Uchida, K., and Osawa, T. Mode of action of sesame lignans in protecting low-density lipoprotein against oxidative damage in vitro. Life Sci 2000;66(2):161-171. View abstract.
  • Kang, M. H., Naito, M., Tsujihara, N., and Osawa, T. Sesamolin inhibits lipid peroxidation in rat liver and kidney. J Nutr 1998;128(6):1018-1022. View abstract.
  • Kapadia, G. J., Azuine, M. A., Tokuda, H., Takasaki, M., Mukainaka, T., Konoshima, T., and Nishino, H. Chemopreventive effect of resveratrol, sesamol, sesame oil and sunflower oil in the Epstein-Barr virus early antigen activation assay and the mouse skin two-stage carcinogenesis. Pharmacol Res 2002;45(6):499-505. View abstract.
  • Katsilambros N, Philippides P, Davoulos G, Gialouros K, Kofotzouli L, Maglara E, Ioannidis PI, Siskoudis P, Sfikakis P. Sesame-derived candies and glycaemic response in Type II diabetic subjects. Diabetes Nutr metab Clin Exp 1991;4(4):325-327.
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  • Kaur, I. P. and Saini, A. Sesamol exhibits antimutagenic activity against oxygen species mediated mutagenicity. Mutat Res 2000;470(1):71-76. View abstract.
  • Keskinen, H., Ostman, P., Vaheri, E., Tarvainen, K., Grenquist-Norden, B., Karppinen, O., and Nordman, H. A case of occupational asthma, rhinitis and urticaria due to sesame seed. Clin Exp Allergy 1991;21(5):623-624. View abstract.
  • Khajehdehi, P. Lipid-lowering effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids in hemodialysis patients. J Ren Nutr 2000;10(4):191-195. View abstract.
  • Khan, M. M., Ishrat, T., Ahmad, A., Hoda, M. N., Khan, M. B., Khuwaja, G., Srivastava, P., Raza, S. S., Islam, F., and Ahmad, S. Sesamin attenuates behavioral, biochemical and histological alterations induced by reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rats. Chem Biol Interact 2010;183(1):255-263. View abstract.
  • Kim, B. H. and Akoh, C. C. Characteristics of structured lipid prepared by lipase-catalyzed acidolysis of roasted sesame oil and caprylic acid in a bench-scale continuous packed bed reactor. J Agric Food Chem 2006;54(14):5132-5141. View abstract.
  • Kim, K. S. and Park, S. H. Anthrasesamone F from the seeds of black Sesamum indicum. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 2008;72(6):1626-1627. View abstract.
  • Kim, K. S., Park, S. H., and Choung, M. G. Nondestructive determination of lignans and lignan glycosides in sesame seeds by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. J Agric Food Chem 2006;54(13):4544-4550. View abstract.
  • Kimura, J., Nariuchi, H., Watanabe, T., and Matuhasi, T. Studies on the adjuvant effect of water-in-oil-in-water (w/o/w) emulsion of sesame oil. 2. Mode of action of the w/o/w emulsion. Jpn J Exp Med 1978;48(3):203-209. View abstract.
  • Kimura, J., Nariuchi, H., Watanabe, T., Matuhasi, T., Okayasu, I., and Hatakeyama, S. Studies on the adjuvant effect of water-in-oil-in-water (w/o/w) emulsion of sesame oil. 1. Enhanced and persistent antibody formation by antigen incorporated into the water-in-oil-in-water emulsion. Jpn J Exp Med 1978;48(2):149-154. View abstract.
  • Kiran, K. and Asad, M. Wound healing activity of Sesamum indicum L seed and oil in rats. Indian J Exp Biol 2008;46(11):777-782. View abstract.
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