Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is crop that's grown for the oil in its seed. It's found in tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, Africa, and South America.

Sesame contains chemicals that might help reduce swelling, increase wound healing, and slow how fast sugar is absorbed from food. Sesame seeds are also rich sources of protein, vitamins, and antioxidants.

People use sesame oil for high blood pressure. It is also used for cough, diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

As of 2021, sesame is considered a major food allergen in the US. Sesame contents must be labeled on all packaged foods after January 2023.

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