Table salt accounts for 90% of dietary sodium intake in the US. Sodium helps to balance levels of fluids and electrolytes in the body. This balance can affect blood pressure and the health of the kidneys and heart.
People use sodium in the form of inhaled sodium chloride for cystic fibrosis. It is also used for low sodium levels, to prevent kidney toxicity caused by the drug amphotericin B, and for many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support many of these other uses.
Don't confuse sodium with the sodium bicarbonate salt. These are not the same.
Uses & Effectiveness ?
Likely Effective for
- Cystic fibrosis. Using a sodium chloride inhalant long-term, along with medicine to dilate airway passages, reduces lung problems and improves quality of life in people with cystic fibrosis.
Possibly Effective for
When applied to the skin: There isn't enough reliable information to know if sodium is safe or what the side effects might be.
When applied into the eye: There isn't enough reliable information to know if sodium is safe or what the side effects might be.
Special Precautions and Warnings
Children: Sodium is likely safe for most children when taken by mouth appropriately. Sodium is safe when used in doses less than 1.2 grams daily in children ages 1-3 years, 1.5 grams daily in children 4-8 years, 1.8 grams daily in children 9-13 years, and 2.3 grams daily in adolescents. Sodium is possibly unsafe when taken in higher amounts. Larger doses increase the risk of high blood pressure.
Alcohol use disorder: People who consume excessive amounts of alcohol should consume sodium in moderation. Consuming sodium can increase the risk of high blood pressure.
Heart disease: People with heart disease should consume sodium in moderation. Consuming sodium at levels above 2.3 grams daily can increase the risk of heart disease and death.
High levels of sodium in the body: Taking sodium increases levels of sodium in the body and might make this condition worse.
High blood pressure: Taking large amounts of sodium can increase blood pressure.
Kidney disease: People with kidney disease should limit sodium intake. Consuming large amounts of sodium can worsen kidney disease.
Multiple sclerosis (MS): Consuming too much salt in the diet might worsen MS. People with MS should stay below the maximum recommended amount of 2.3 grams daily.
Obesity: Obese people or those at risk for obesity should consume sodium in moderation. Consuming large amounts of sodium might cause people to gain more weight.
Weak and brittle bones (osteoporosis): Consuming too much salt in the diet might worsen osteoporosis. People with osteoporosis should stay below the maximum recommended amount of 2.3 grams daily.
Didanosine (Videx) interacts with SODIUM
Didanosine contains sodium. Taking didanosine along with sodium might cause sodium levels to become too high.
Lithium interacts with SODIUM
Increasing sodium intake might increase how much lithium is removed from the body. But reducing sodium intake might reduce how much lithium is removed from the body. People taking lithium should avoid making large changes to their intake of sodium without first talking with a healthcare professional.
Medications for bowel cleansing (Sodium phosphates) interacts with SODIUM
Sodium phosphates, which are sometimes used for bowel cleansing before surgery, might cause sodium levels to become too high. Taking sodium along with these medications might increase this risk. People should avoid using large amounts of sodium before receiving medications for bowel cleansing.
Medications for high blood pressure (Antihypertensive drugs) interacts with SODIUM
Large amounts of sodium might increase blood pressure. Taking large amounts of sodium might reduce the effects of blood pressure medications. Monitor your blood pressure closely.
Medications for inflammation (Corticosteroids) interacts with SODIUM
Some medications affect salt and water balances in the body. These medications might increase levels of sodium. Taking these medications along with sodium might cause sodium levels to become too high.
Tolvaptan (Samsca) interacts with SODIUM
Tolvaptan is a medicine used to increase sodium levels in some people. Taking tolvaptan along with sodium might cause sodium levels to become too high.
Be cautious with this combination
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