People use chokeberry for heart disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and other conditions, but there's no good scientific evidence to support these uses.
How does it work ?
Uses & Effectiveness ?
Possibly Ineffective for
- Heart disease. Most research shows that taking chokeberry doesn't lower blood pressure, cholesterol levels, or blood sugar levels in people at risk for heart disease.
Insufficient Evidence for
- High cholesterol. Early research shows that drinking chokeberry juice daily might lower cholesterol levels by a small amount in people with high cholesterol.
- High blood pressure. Some early research shows that drinking chokeberry juice might lower blood pressure by a small amount in people with high blood pressure. But not all research agrees. All studies to date have been short-term. Higher-quality, long-term research is needed.
- A grouping of symptoms that increase the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke (metabolic syndrome). Early research shows that taking a specific chokeberry extract or drinking a juice containing chokeberry extract might lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels in people with metabolic syndrome.
- Obesity. Early research shows that drinking chokeberry juice enriched with glucomannan fiber lowers body weight and blood pressure by a small amount in people who are obese. The people in this study were not dieting and exercising. So, it's unclear how chokeberry juice compared to dieting or exercise.
- Infections of the kidney, bladder, or urethra (urinary tract infections or UTIs). Early research in elderly adults living in nursing homes shows that drinking chokeberry juice daily does not decrease the risk of having a bladder infection.
- An eye disease that leads to vision loss in older adults (age-related macular degeneration or AMD).
- Breast cancer.
- Cadmium toxicity.
- Common cold.
- Conditions in a man that prevent him from getting a woman pregnant within a year of trying to conceive (male infertility).
- Infants with birth weight below the 10th percentile due to inadequate nutrition.
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
- Other conditions.
Special Precautions and Warnings
Diabetes: Chokeberry might lower blood sugar. Watch for signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and monitor your blood sugar carefully if you have diabetes and use chokeberry.
We currently have no information for CHOKEBERRY overview.
92366 Sonoda K, Aoi W, Iwata T, Li Y. Anthocyanin-rich Aronia melanocarpa extract improves body temperature maintenance in healthy women with a cold constitution. Springerplus. 2013 Nov 21;2:626. View abstract.
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Goh AR, Youn GS, Yoo KY, Won MH, Han SZ, Lim SS, Lee KW, Choi SY, Park J. Aronia melanocarpa Concentrate Ameliorates Pro-Inflammatory Responses in HaCaT Keratinocytes and 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-Acetate-Induced Ear Edema in Mice. J Med Food. 2016 Jul;19(7):654-62. View abstract.
Handeland M, Grude N, Torp T, Slimestad R. Black chokeberry juice (Aronia melanocarpa) reduces incidences of urinary tract infection among nursing home residents in the long term--a pilot study. Nutr Res. 2014 Jun;34(6):518-25. View abstract.
Jurgonski A, Juskiewicz J, Zdunczyk Z. Ingestion of black chokeberry fruit extract leads to intestinal and systemic changes in a rat model of prediabetes and hyperlipidemia. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2008 Dec;63(4):176-82. View abstract.
Kardum N, Milovanovic B, Savikin K, Zdunic G, Mutavdzin S, Gligorijevic T, Spasic S. Beneficial Effects of Polyphenol-Rich Chokeberry Juice Consumption on Blood Pressure Level and Lipid Status in Hypertensive Subjects. J Med Food. 2015 Nov;18(11):1231-8. View abstract.
Kardum N, Petrovic-Oggiano G, Takic M, Glibetic N, Zec M, Debeljak-Martacic J, Konic-Ristic A. Effects of glucomannan-enriched, aronia juice-based supplement on cellular antioxidant enzymes and membrane lipid status in subjects with abdominal obesity. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014;2014:869250. View abstract.
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Kedzierska M, Olas B, Wachowicz B, Glowacki R, Bald E, Czernek U, Szydlowska-Pazera K, Potemski P, Piekarski J, Jeziorski A. Effects of the commercial extract of aronia on oxidative stress in blood platelets isolated from breast cancer patients after the surgery and various phases of the chemotherapy. Fitoterapia. 2012 Mar;83(2):310-7. View abstract.
Kim B, Ku CS, Pham TX, Park Y, Martin DA, Xie L, Taheri R, Lee J, Bolling BW. Aronia melanocarpa (chokeberry) polyphenol-rich extract improves antioxidant function and reduces total plasma cholesterol in apolipoprotein E knockout mice. Nutr Res. 2013 May;33(5):406-13. View abstract.
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Kim NY, Lee HY. Enhancement of Cognitive Functions by Aronia melanocarpa Elliot Through an Intermittent Ultrasonication Extraction Process. J Med Food. 2016 Mar;19(3):245-52. View abstract.
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Loo BM, Erlund I, Koli R, et al. Consumption of chokeberry (Aronia mitschurinii) products modestly lowered blood pressure and reduced low-grade inflammation in patients with mildly elevated blood pressure. Nutr Res. 2016;36(11):1222-1230. View abstract.
Mulero J, Bernabé J, Cerdá B, García-Viguera C, Moreno DA, Albaladejo MD, Avilés F, Parra S, Abellán J, Zafrilla P. Variations on cardiovascular risk factors in metabolic syndrome after consume of a citrus-based juice. Clin Nutr. 2012 Jun;31(3):372-7. View abstract.
Naruszewicz M, Laniewska I, Millo B, Dluzniewski M. Combination therapy of statin with flavonoids rich extract from chokeberry fruits enhanced reduction in cardiovascular risk markers in patients after myocardial infraction (MI). Atherosclerosis. 2007 Oct;194(2):e179-84. View abstract.
Nowak D, Goslinski M, Wesolowska A, Berenda K, Poplawski C. Effects of acute consumption of noni and chokeberry juices vs. energy drinks on blood pressure, heart rate, and blood glucose in young adults. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2019;2019:6076751. View abstract.
Ohgami K, Ilieva I, Shiratori K, Koyama Y, Jin XH, Yoshida K, Kase S, Kitaichi N, Suzuki Y, Tanaka T, Ohno S. Anti-inflammatory effects of aronia extract on rat endotoxin-induced uveitis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Jan;46(1):275-81. View abstract.
Park S, Kim JI, Lee I, Lee S, Hwang MW, Bae JY, Heo J, Kim D, Han SZ, Park MS. Aronia melanocarpa and its components demonstrate antiviral activity against influenza viruses. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013 Oct 11;440(1):14-9. View abstract.
Pawlowicz P, Stachowiak G, Bielak A, Wilczynski J. [Administration of natural anthocyanins derived from chokeberry (aronia melanocarpa) extract in the treatment of oligospermia in males with enhanced autoantibodies to oxidized low density lipoproteins (oLAB). The impact on fructose levels]. Ginekol Pol. 2001 Dec;72(12):983-8. View abstract.
Pilaczynska-Szczesniak L, Skarpanska-Steinborn A, Deskur E, Basta P, Horoszkiewicz-Hassan M. The influence of chokeberry juice supplementation on the reduction of oxidative stress resulting from an incremental rowing ergometer exercise. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2005 Feb;15(1):48-58. View abstract.
Pokimica B, García-Conesa MT, Zec M, et al. Chokeberry juice containing polyphenols does not affect cholesterol or blood pressure but modifies the composition of plasma phospholipids fatty acids in individuals at cardiovascular risk. Nutrients. 2019;11(4):850. View abstract.
Poreba R, Skoczynska A, Gac P, Poreba M, Jedrychowska I, Affelska-Jercha A, Turczyn B, Wojakowska A, Oszmianski J, Andrzejak R. Drinking of chokeberry juice from the ecological farm Dzieciolowo and distensibility of brachial artery in men with mild hypercholesterolemia. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2009;16(2):305-8. View abstract.
Qin B, Anderson RA. An extract of chokeberry attenuates weight gain and modulates insulin, adipogenic and inflammatory signalling pathways in epididymal adipose tissue of rats fed a fructose-rich diet. Br J Nutr. 2012 Aug;108(4):581-7. View abstract.
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Savikin K, Menkovic N, Zdunic G, Pljevljakusic D, Spasic S, Kardum N, Konic-Ristic A. Dietary supplementation with polyphenol-rich chokeberry juice improves skin morphology in cellulite. J Med Food. 2014 May;17(5):582-7. View abstract.
Sikora J, Broncel M, Markowicz M, Chalubinski M, Wojdan K, Mikiciuk-Olasik E. Short-term supplementation with Aronia melanocarpa extract improves platelet aggregation, clotting, and fibrinolysis in patients with metabolic syndrome. Eur J Nutr. 2012 Aug;51(5):549-56. View abstract.
Sikora J, Broncel M, Mikiciuk-Olasik E. Aronia melanocarpa Elliot reduces the activity of angiotensin i-converting enzyme-in vitro and ex vivo studies. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2014;2014:739721. View abstract.
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Takahashi A, Shimizu H, Okazaki Y, Sakaguchi H, Taira T, Suzuki T, Chiji H. Anthocyanin-rich Phytochemicals from Aronia Fruits Inhibit Visceral Fat Accumulation and Hyperglycemia in High-fat Diet-induced Dietary Obese Rats. J Oleo Sci. 2015;64(12):1243-50. View abstract.
Tasic N, Jakovljevic VLJ, Mitrovic M, et al. Black chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa extract reduces blood pressure, glycemia and lipid profile in patients with metabolic syndrome: a prospective controlled trial. Mol Cell Biochem 2021 Mar 5. doi: 10.1007/s11010-021-04106-4. View abstract.
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Valcheva-Kuzmanova SV, Eftimov MT, Tashev RE, Belcheva IP, Belcheva SP. Memory effects of Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice in a passive avoidance test in rats. Folia Med (Plovdiv). 2014 Jul-Sep;56(3):199-203. View abstract.
Varela CE, Fromentin E, Roller M, Villarreal F, Ramirez-Sanchez I. Effects of a natural extract of Aronia Melanocarpa berry on endothelial cell nitric oxide production. J Food Biochem. 2016 Aug;40(4):404-410. View abstract.
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Xie L, Lee SG, Vance TM, Wang Y, Kim B, Lee JY, Chun OK, Bolling BW. Bioavailability of anthocyanins and colonic polyphenol metabolites following consumption of aronia berry extract. Food Chem. 2016 Nov 15;211:860-8. View abstract.
Yaneva MP, Botushanova AD, Grigorov LA, Kokov JL, Todorova EP, Krachanova MG. Evaluation of the immunomodulatory activity of Aronia in combination with apple pectin in patients with breast cancer undergoing postoperative radiation therapy. Folia Med (Plovdiv). 2002;44(1-2):22-5. View abstract.
Zapolska-Downar D, Bryk D, Malecki M, Hajdukiewicz K, Sitkiewicz D. Aronia melanocarpa fruit extract exhibits anti-inflammatory activity in human aortic endothelial cells. Eur J Nutr. 2012 Aug;51(5):563-72. View abstract.
CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.
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