Brazil Root, Brazilian Ipecac, Callicocca ipecacuanha, Cartagena Ipecac, Cephaelis acuminata, Cephaelis ipecacuanha, Ipéca, Ipéca du Brésil, Ipéca du Nicaragua, Ipéca du Panama, Ipecacuana, Ipécacuana, Ipecacuanha, Matto Grosso Ipecac, Nicaragua Ipecac, Panama Ipecac, Psychotria ipecacuanha, Racine Brésilienne, Rio Ipecac, Uragoga granatensis, Uragoga ipecacuanha.
Overview InformationIpecac is a small shrub. It grows in parts of Central America and Brazil. The root is used to make medicine. Ipecac syrup is available both as a nonprescription product and as an FDA-approved prescription product. But using ipecac can be unsafe when used long-term or in large amounts.
Ipecac is most commonly used to cause vomiting after suspected poisoning. It is also used for croup, severe diarrhea, and cancer, but there is no good scientific evidence to support any of these uses.
How does it work?Ipecac contains chemicals that irritate the digestive tract and trigger the brain to cause vomiting.
Uses & Effectiveness
Possibly Ineffective for
- Poisoning. In the past, ipecac syrup was commonly used to cause vomiting in people who ingested poison. But now it is no longer recommended. It doesn't seem to work better than activated charcoal, another agent used for poisoning. And ipecac syrup has also been linked to safety concerns.
Insufficient Evidence for
- Thinning mucous to make coughing easier.
- Bronchitis associated with croup.
- Severe diarrhea caused by amoebic dysentery.
- Loss of appetite.
- Hepatitis, when given by IV.
- Other conditions.
Side Effects & SafetyWhen taken by mouth: Ipecac is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth and used for a short time. It can cause nausea, vomiting, stomach irritation, dizziness, low blood pressure, shortness of breath, and a fast heartbeat. Ipecac is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth long-term or in large amounts. Misuse of ipecac can lead to serious poisoning, heart damage, and death. Signs of poisoning include difficulty breathing, digestive tract problems, abnormal heart rates, blood in the urine, convulsions, shock, coma, and death.
When applied to the skin: Ipecac is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when allowed to touch the skin. Ipecac contains emetine, which can irritate the skin.
When inhaled: Ipecac is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when inhaled. Ipecac contains emetine, which can irritate the respiratory tract.
When given by IV: Ipecac is LIKELY UNSAFE when injected at a dose of more than 1 gram. Misuse of ipecac can lead to serious poisoning and death. Signs of poisoning include digestive tract and brain and nerve problems, blood in the urine, and death.
Special Precautions & Warnings:Pregnancy: It's LIKELY UNSAFE to use ipecac if you are pregnant. It might stimulate the uterus and cause a miscarriage.
Breast-feeding:There isn't enough reliable information to know if ipecac is safe to use when breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.
Children: Ipecac is POSSIBLY SAFE for children when used appropriately as a prescription product to induce vomiting. But the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendation to keep a 1-ounce bottle of syrup of ipecac at home has recently been reversed. The new statement reads, "Syrup of ipecac should no longer be routinely used as a poison treatment intervention in the home." The thinking is that keeping ipecac at home hasn't been proven to save lives. Talk with your healthcare provider or poison control center about how to use ipecac correctly in cases of poisoning in children.
Ipecac is LIKELY UNSAFE when used in high doses or in children under the age of one year. Children are more sensitive than adults to the side effects of ipecac. Misuse of ipecac can lead to serious poisoning, heart damage, and death. Signs of poisoning include difficulty breathing, digestive tract problems, abnormal heart rates, blood in the urine, convulsions, shock, coma, and death.
Unconsciousness or certain kinds of poisonings: Ipecac should not be used in people who are unconscious or have been poisoned with certain chemicals including corrosives, petroleum products, strychnine, and others. Talk to your healthcare provider or poison control center about whether ipecac is appropriate to use in each case of suspected poisoning. If ipecac is used incorrectly, serious complications can arise including damage of the esophagus, pneumonia, and convulsions.
Digestive tract problems including ulcers, infections, or Crohn's disease: Ipecac can irritate the digestive tract. Don't use it if you have one of these conditions.
Heart disease: Ipecac can affect the heart. Don't use it if you have a heart condition.
Do not take this combination
Activated charcoal interacts with IPECAC
Activated charcoal can bind up syrup of ipecac in the stomach. This decreases the effectiveness of syrup of ipecac.
The appropriate dose of ipecac depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for ipecac. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.
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