BANANA

OTHER NAME(S):

Anamalu, Banana Leaves, Banana Stem, Cavendish Banana, Chinese Banana, Dessert Banana, Dwarf Banana, Dwarf Cavendish, Edible Banana, Embul, Gros Michel AAA, Kolikuttu, Musa Acuminata, Musa Aluminata, Musa Angustigemma, Musa Balbisiana, Musa Basjoo, Musa Cavendish AAA, Musa Cavendishii, Musa Ensete-Maurelii, Musa Ornata, Musa Paradisiaca, Musa Paradisiaca Sapientum, Musa Sapientum, Musa Schizocarpa, Musa Seminifera, Musa Textilis, Musa Velutina, Mysore AAB, Pisang Awak ABB, Plantain, Seeni Kesel, Silk AAB.

Overview

Overview Information

Banana is a fruit that grows near tropical rainforests. All parts of the plant, including the fruit, leaves, "false stem," stem, flowers, and roots, can be used as medicine. In North America, most of the available bananas are from one specific variety. However, there are many varieties available around the world. Bananas have been grown as crops for thousands of years.

Parts of the banana are used for low levels of potassium in the blood (hypokalemia), constipation, and diarrhea. They are also used for diabetes, high cholesterol, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support most of these uses.

How does it work?

Banana contains chemicals and sugars. Some of these sugars act like fiber, which can help to regulate the gastrointestinal system. The chemicals might act like antioxidants and decrease swelling. Bananas also contain potassium and other vitamins and minerals.
Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Effective for

  • Diarrhea. In young children, cooked green bananas reduce symptoms of diarrhea due to various causes. In adults fed with a tube, adding banana flakes to liquid feeds reduces symptoms of diarrhea.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Athletic performance. It is not clear if banana helps with exercise performance. It is possible that consuming banana helps to increase the length of time someone can exercise if the exercise is at least 2 hours in length. It might also help people to move faster. It is possible that the benefits from banana are due to its carbohydrate content, not the banana itself.
  • Burns. Early research suggests that using banana leaf as a dressing for burns, in combination with povidone iodine, promotes healing. A banana leaf dressing seems to be more effective for skin healing than a Vaseline gauze dressing.
  • Constipation. Early research in children with constipation shows that eating cooked green bananas seems to reduce pain and straining during bowel movements. In children with constipation who take laxatives, eating cooked green bananas might help to reduce how much laxative is needed.
  • Diabetes. In patients with type 2 diabetes, early research shows that banana starch might help with weight loss in overweight patients. However, banana starch does not seem to improve blood sugar or cholesterol levels.
  • Muscle soreness caused by exercise. Early research in cyclists shows that consuming carbohydrates from mini-yellow bananas might reduce muscle soreness and cramping after cycling.
  • High cholesterol. Early research in people with high levels of cholesterol in the blood shows that dried banana might reduce levels of cholesterol and improve levels of blood sugar.
  • Obesity. It is not clear if banana helps with weight loss in people that are obese. Some research suggests that banana starch might help with weight loss and blood sugar control, but not all research agrees.
  • Illness from a Shigella bacteria infection (shigellosis). Early research in children with shigellosis shows that eating cooked green bananas reduces symptoms of diarrhea and reduces the amount of blood and mucus in the stool.
  • Abnormally heavy bleeding during menstrual periods (menorrhagia).
  • Allergies.
  • Asthma and wheezing.
  • Birth control.
  • Cancer.
  • Cough.
  • Depression.
  • Discharge from the vagina (leukorrhea).
  • Diseases of the airways.
  • Eye problems.
  • Fever.
  • Genital sores.
  • Hangover.
  • Headache.
  • Heartburn.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Insect bite.
  • Joint pain.
  • Kidney stones.
  • Long-term swelling (inflammation) in the digestive tract (inflammatory bowel disease or IBD).
  • Low levels of potassium in the blood (hypokalemia).
  • Low levels of red blood cells (anemia).
  • Poor blood circulation.
  • Quitting smoking.
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
  • Skin ulcers.
  • Snake bites.
  • Starting labor.
  • Stomach ulcers.
  • Stroke.
  • Swelling (inflammation) of the vagina (vaginitis).
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Vitamin A deficiency.
  • Warts.
  • Wound healing.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of banana for these uses.
Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: Bananas are LIKELY SAFE in the amounts typically eaten as food. Side effects to banana are rare but may include bloating, gas, cramping, softer stools, nausea, and vomiting. In very high doses, bananas might cause high blood levels of potassium. Some people are allergic to banana. There isn't enough reliable information to know if it is safe to use banana as a medicine or what the side effects might be.

When applied to the skin: The leaves of banana are POSSIBLY SAFE when applied appropriately, short-term. Some people are allergic to banana. There isn't enough reliable information to know if other parts of the banana plant are safe or what the side effects might be.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if banana is safe to use in medicinal amounts when pregnant or breast feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid amounts greater than those typically eaten as food.

Latex allergy: People who are sensitive to latex are more likely to have an allergic reaction to banana.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for BANANA Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

ADULTS

BY MOUTH:

  • For diarrhea: 1-3 tablespoons of banana flakes (Kanana Banana, Corpak Co) every 8 hours in a feeding tube for 7 days.
CHILDREN

BY MOUTH:
  • For diarrhea: 50-300 grams of cooked green bananas every day for up to 14 days in children aged 6-60 months. These children also received standard care and antibiotics as needed.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Alenius H, Mäkinen-Kiljunen S, Ahlroth M, Turjanmaa K, Reunala T, Palosuo T. Crossreactivity between allergens in natural rubber latex and banana studied by immunoblot inhibition. Clin Exp Allergy. 1996 Mar;26(3):341-8. View abstract.
  • Almiron-Roig E, Grathwohl D, Green H, Erkner A. Impact of some isoenergetic snacks on satiety and next meal intake in healthy adults. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2009 Oct;22(5):469-74. View abstract.
  • Asero R, Mistrello G, Amato S. Co-sensitisation (but co-recognition also) to novel banana and tomato allergens. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010 Aug;42(4):159-62. View abstract.
  • Blanco C. Latex-fruit syndrome. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2003 Jan;3(1):47-53. View abstract.
  • Ble Castillo, J.; Aparicio Trápala, M.; Gómez Vázquez, A.; Rodríguez Hernández, A.; Mendez, J.; Juárez Rojop, I.; Aguilar Mariscal, H.; Ramón Frías, T.; Díaz Zagoya, J. Potential beneficial effects of native banana starch on glycemia and insulin resistance in obese nondiabetic women. Interciencia 2012, 37, 470-476.
  • Ble-Castillo JL, Aparicio-Trápala MA, Francisco-Luria MU, Córdova-Uscanga R, Rodríguez-Hernández A, Méndez JD, Díaz-Zagoya JC. Effects of native banana starch supplementation on body weight and insulin sensitivity in obese type 2 diabetics. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010 May;7(5):1953-62. View abstract.
  • Cressey R, Kumsaiyai W, Mangklabruks A. Daily consumption of banana marginally improves blood glucose and lipid profile in hypercholesterolemic subjects and increases serum adiponectin in type 2 diabetic patients. Indian J Exp Biol. 2014 Dec;52(12):1173-81. View abstract.
  • Don M, Longo G. Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome due to banana: an uncommon entity. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2013 Apr;45(2):61-2. View abstract.
  • Egger M, Mutschlechner S, Wopfner N, Gadermaier G, Briza P, Ferreira F. Pollen-food syndromes associated with weed pollinosis: an update from the molecular point of view. Allergy. 2006 Apr;61(4):461-76. View abstract.
  • Emery EA, Ahmad S, Koethe JD, Skipper A, Perlmutter S, Paskin DL. Banana flakes control diarrhea in enterally fed patients. Nutr Clin Pract. 1997 Apr;12(2):72-5. View abstract.
  • Englberger L, Darnton-Hill I, Coyne T, Fitzgerald MH, Marks GC.Carotenoid-rich bananas: a potential food source for alleviating vitamin A deficiency. Food Nutr Bull. 2003 Dec;24(4):303-18. PubMed View abstract.
  • Gore MA, Akolekar D. Banana leaf dressing for skin graft donor areas. Burns. 2003 Aug;29(5):483-6. View abstract.
  • Gore MA, Akolekar D. Evaluation of banana leaf dressing for partial thickness burn wounds. Burns. 2003 Aug;29(5):487-92. View abstract.
  • Guenova E, Hoetzenecker W, Kisuze G, Teske A, Heeg P, Voykov B, Hoetzenecker K, Schippert W, Moehrle M. Banana leaves as an alternative wound dressing. Dermatol Surg. 2013 Feb;39(2):290-7. View abstract.
  • Harrold JA, Hughes GM, O'Shiel K, et al. Acute effects of a herb extract formulation and inulin fibre on appetite, energy intake and food choice. Appetite 2013;62:84-90. View abstract.
  • Hassan AK, Venkatesh YP. An overview of fruit allergy and the causative allergens. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Nov;47(6):180-7. View abstract.
  • Hauswirth DW, Burks AW. Banana anaphylaxis with a negative commercial skin test. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Mar;115(3):632-3. View abstract.
  • Heslop-Harrison JS, Schwarzacher T. Domestication, genomics and the future for banana. Ann Bot. 2007 Nov;100(5):1073-84. View abstract.
  • Hettiaratchi UP, Ekanayake S, Welihinda J. Chemical compositions and glycemic responses to banana varieties. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2011 Jun;62(4):307-9. View abstract.
  • Ibero M, Castillo MJ, Pineda F. Allergy to cassava: a new allergenic food with cross-reactivity to latex. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2007;17(6):409-12. View abstract.
  • Jiménez-Domínguez G, Ble-Castillo JL, Aparicio-Trápala MA, Juárez-Rojop IE, Tovilla-Zárate CA, Ble-Castillo DJ, García-Vázquez C, Olvera-Hernández V, Pérez-Pimienta B, Diaz-Zagoya JC, Mendez JD. Effects of Acute Ingestion of Native Banana Starch on Glycemic Response Evaluated by Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Obese and Lean Subjects. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 Jul 6;12(7):7491-505. View abstract.
  • Ladas SD, Polymeros D, Tzathas C, Emmanuel T, Malamou H. Banana fibers in colonic mucus may puzzle the endoscopist. Endoscopy. 2005 Dec;37(12):1261. View abstract.
  • Marini I, Bartolucci ML, Bortolotti F, Gatto MR, Bonetti GA. Palmitoylethanolamide versus a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug in the treatment of temporomandibular joint inflammatory pain. J Orofac Pain. 2012 Spring;26(2):99-104. View abstract.
  • Mathew NS, Negi PS. Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of wild banana (Musa acuminata Colla): A review. J Ethnopharmacol. 2017 Jan 20;196:124-140. View abstract.
  • Meynadier J, Meynadier JM, Guilhou JJ. [Contact urticaria in atopic patients. Apropos of 2 cases]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 1982;109(10):871-4. View abstract.
  • Mitchell JB, Braun WA, Pizza FX, Forrest M. Pre-exercise carbohydrate and fluid ingestion: influence of glycemic response on 10-km treadmill running performance in the heat. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2000 Mar;40(1):41-50. View abstract.
  • Mitsou EK, Kougia E, Nomikos T, Yannakoulia M, Mountzouris KC, Kyriacou A. Effect of banana consumption on faecal microbiota: a randomised, controlled trial. Anaerobe. 2011 Dec;17(6):384-7. View abstract.
  • Nieman DC, Gillitt ND, Henson DA, Sha W, Shanely RA, Knab AM, Cialdella-Kam L, Jin F. Bananas as an energy source during exercise: a metabolomics approach. PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e37479. View abstract.
  • Nieman DC, Gillitt ND, Sha W, Esposito D, Ramamoorthy S. Metabolic recovery from heavy exertion following banana compared to sugar beverage or water only ingestion: a randomized, crossover trial. PLoS One 2018;13(3):e0194843. View abstract.
  • Nieman DC, Gillitt ND, Sha W, et al. Metabolomics-Based Analysis of Banana and Pear Ingestion on Exercise Performance and Recovery. J Proteome Res 2015;14(12):5367-77. doi: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.5b00909. View abstract.
  • Padam BS, Tin HS, Chye FY, Abdullah MI. Banana by-products: an under-utilized renewable food biomass with great potential. J Food Sci Technol. 2014 Dec;51(12):3527-45. View abstract.
  • Patankar S, Dobhada S, Bhansali M, Khaladkar S, Modi J. A prospective, randomized, controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of Ayurvedic formulation "varuna and banana stem" in the management of urinary stones. J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Dec;14(10):1287-90. View abstract.
  • Pereira A, Maraschin M. Banana (Musa spp) from peel to pulp: ethnopharmacology, source of bioactive compounds and its relevance for human health. J Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Feb 3;160:149-63. View abstract.
  • Rabbani GH, Ahmed S, Hossain I, Islam R, Marni F, Akhtar M, Majid N. Green banana reduces clinical severity of childhood shigellosis: a double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 May;28(5):420-5. View abstract.
  • Rabbani GH, Larson CP, Islam R, Saha UR, Kabir A. Green banana-supplemented diet in the home management of acute and prolonged diarrhoea in children: a community-based trial in rural Bangladesh. Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Oct;15(10):1132-9. View abstract.
  • Rabbani GH, Teka T, Saha SK, Zaman B, Majid N, Khatun M, Wahed MA, Fuchs GJ. Green banana and pectin improve small intestinal permeability and reduce fluid loss in Bangladeshi children with persistent diarrhea. Dig Dis Sci. 2004 Mar;49(3):475-84. View abstract.
  • Rabbani GH, Teka T, Zaman B, Majid N, Khatun M, Fuchs GJ. Clinical studies in persistent diarrhea: dietary management with green banana or pectin in Bangladeshi children. Gastroenterology. 2001 Sep;121(3):554-60. View abstract.
  • Sarkar C, Bairy KL, Rao NM, Udupa EG. Effect of banana on cold stress test & peak expiratory flow rate in healthy volunteers. Indian J Med Res. 1999 Jul;110:27-9. View abstract.
  • Schoeffl V, Varatorn R, Blinnikov O, Vidamaly V. Intestinal obstruction due to phytobezoars of banana seeds: a case report. Asian J Surg. 2004 Oct;27(4):348-51. View abstract.
  • Singh B, Singh JP, Kaur A, Singh N. Bioactive compounds in banana and their associated health benefits - A review. Food Chem. 2016 Sep 1;206:1-11. View abstract.
  • Tazoe M, Narita M, Sakuta R, Nagai T, Narita N. Hyperkalemia and hyperdopaminemia induced by an obsessive eating of banana in an anorexia nervosa adolescent. Brain Dev. 2007 Jul;29(6):369-72. View abstract.

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