CARAWAY

OTHER NAME(S):

Alcaravea, Anis Canadien, Anis des Prés, Anis des Vosges, Apium carvi, Carraway, Carum carvi, Carum velenovskyi, Carvi, Carvi Commun, Carvi Fructus, Cumin des Montagnes, Cumin des Prés, Faux Anis, Haravi, Jeera, Jira, Kala Jira, Karwiya, Krishan Jeeraka, Krishnajiraka, Kummel, Kummich, Roman Cumin, Semen Cumini Pratensis, Semences de Carvi, Shahijra, Shiajira, Wiesen-Feldkummel, Wild Cumin.

Overview

Overview Information

Caraway is a plant. People use the oil, fruit, and seeds as medicine.

Some people take caraway by mouth for indigestion (dyspepsia), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), obesity, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support any use.

In foods, caraway is used as a cooking spice.

In manufacturing, caraway oil is used to flavor some medications. It is also commonly used as a fragrance in toothpaste, soap, perfumes, and cosmetics.

How does it work?

Caraway oil might improve digestion and relieve spasms in the stomach and intestines.
Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • A long-term disorder of the large intestine that causes stomach pain (irritable bowel syndrome or IBS). Applying a heated poultice of caraway oil to the abdomen might reduce IBS symptoms. But it's unclear if the benefit is due to caraway oil or just the application of heating.
  • Obesity. Early research in overweight and obese women shows that taking caraway seed extract for 3 months may slightly decreases body weight, body mass index, percent body fat, and waist circumference. But these improvements might not be very meaningful.
  • Asthma.
  • Breast-feeding.
  • Constipation.
  • Cough.
  • Gas (flatulence).
  • Indigestiopn (dyspepsia).
  • Infections.
  • Loss of bladder control (urinary incontinence).
  • Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea).
  • Promoting menstration.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of caraway for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: Caraway is LIKELY SAFE for most people in food amounts. Caraway is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people in medicinal amounts, short-term.
Caraway oil can cause burping, heartburn, and nausea when used with peppermint oil.
When applied to the skin: Caraway is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people in medicinal amounts. It can cause skin rashes and itching in sensitive people.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy: Taking caraway by mouth in medicinal amounts is POSSIBLY UNSAFE during pregnancy. Caraway oil has been used to start menstruation, and this might cause a miscarriage. Not enough is known about the safety of applying caraway to the skin during pregnancy. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the safety of taking caraway by mouth or applying it to the skin if you are breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Diabetes: There is a concern that caraway might lower blood sugar. If you have diabetes and use caraway, watch your blood sugar carefully. The dose of the medications you use for diabetes might need to be adjusted.

Too much iron in the body (hemochromatosis): Caraway extract might increase the absorption of iron. Overuse of caraway extract with iron supplements or iron-containing food might increase iron levels in the body. This may be a problem for people who already have too much iron in the body.

Surgery: Caraway might lower blood sugar levels. There is a concern that it might interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery. Stop using caraway at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Interactions

Interactions?

Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination

!
  • Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) interacts with CARAWAY

    Caraway might decrease blood sugar. Diabetes medications are also used to lower blood sugar. Taking caraway along with diabetes medications might cause your blood sugar to go too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely. The dose of your diabetes medication might need to be changed.
    Some medications used for diabetes include glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol), tolbutamide (Orinase), and others.
    Before taking caraway, talk with your healthcare professional if you take any medications.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of caraway depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for caraway. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • de Sousa, D. P., Farias Nobrega, F. F., and de Almeida, R. N. Influence of the chirality of (R)-(-)- and (S)-(+)-carvone in the central nervous system: a comparative study. Chirality 5-5-2007;19(4):264-268. View abstract.
  • el Shobaki, F. A., Saleh, Z. A., and Saleh, N. The effect of some beverage extracts on intestinal iron absorption. Z Ernahrungswiss. 1990;29(4):264-269. View abstract.
  • Freise, J. and Kohler, S. [Peppermint oil-caraway oil fixed combination in non-ulcer dyspepsia-- comparison of the effects of enteric preparations]. Pharmazie 1999;54(3):210-215. View abstract.
  • Gutierrez, J., Rodriguez, G., Barry-Ryan, C., and Bourke, P. Efficacy of plant essential oils against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria associated with ready-to-eat vegetables: antimicrobial and sensory screening. J Food Prot. 2008;71(9):1846-1854. View abstract.
  • Hildebrandt H. Uber das verhalten von carvon und santalol im thierkorper. Hoppe-seyler's z physiol chem 1902;36:441-451.
  • Lahlou, S., Tahraoui, A., Israili, Z., and Lyoussi, B. Diuretic activity of the aqueous extracts of Carum carvi and Tanacetum vulgare in normal rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 4-4-2007;110(3):458-463. View abstract.
  • Madisch, A., Miehlke, S., and Labenz, J. Management of functional dyspepsia: Unsolved problems and new perspectives. World J Gastroenterol. 11-14-2005;11(42):6577-6581. View abstract.
  • May, B., Funk, P., and Schneider, B. Peppermint oil and caraway oil in functional dyspepsia--efficacy unaffected by H. pylori. Aliment.Pharmacol.Ther. 4-1-2003;17(7):975-976. View abstract.
  • Meyer F, Meyer E. Percutane resorption von atherischen olen und ihren inhaltsstoffen. Arzneim-forsch/drug res 1959;9:516-519.
  • Modu S, Gohla K Umar IA. The hypoglycaemic and hypocholrsterolaemic properties of black caraway (Carum carvi L.) oil in alloxan diabetic rats. Biokemistri (Nigeria) 1997;7:91-97.
  • Naderi-Kalali, B., Allameh, A., Rasaee, M. J., Bach, H. J., Behechti, A., Doods, K., Kettrup, A., and Schramm, K. W. Suppressive effects of caraway (Carum carvi) extracts on 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin-dependent gene expression of cytochrome P450 1A1 in the rat H4IIE cells. Toxicol.In Vitro 2005;19(3):373-377. View abstract.
  • Opdyke DLJ. Monographs on fragrance raw materials;caraway oil. Food cosmet toxicol 1973;11:1051.
  • Saller, R., Iten, F., and Reichling, J. [Dyspeptic pain and phytotherapy--a review of traditional and modern herbal drugs]. Forsch.Komplementarmed.Klass.Naturheilkd. 2001;8(5):263-273. View abstract.
  • Schilcher H. Atherische Ole- Wirkungen und Nbenwirkungen. Dtscg Apoth Ztg 1984;124:1433-1442.
  • Schilcher H. Pharmakologie und Toxikologie atherischer Ole. Anwendungshinwiese fur die artxliche Praxis. Therapiewoche 1986;36:1100-1112.
  • Thompson, Coon J. and Ernst, E. Systematic review: herbal medicinal products for non-ulcer dyspepsia. Aliment.Pharmacol Ther 2002;16(10):1689-1699. View abstract.
  • Von Skramlik E. Uber die giftigkeit und vertraglichkeit von atherischen olen. Pharmazie 1959;14:435-445.
  • Auti ST, Kulkarni YA. Acute and 28-day repeated dose oral toxicity study of caraway oil in rats. Drug Metab Pers Ther 2019 Sep 27;34(3):/j/dmdi.2019.34.issue-3/dmpt-2019-0011/dmpt-2019-0011.xml. doi: 10.1515/dmpt-2019-0011. View abstract.
  • Chey WD, Lacy BE, Cash BD, Epstein M, Corsino PE, Shah SM. A novel, duodenal-release formulation of a combination of caraway oil and L-menthol for the treatment of functional dyspepsia: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Transl Gastroenterol 2019;10(4):e00021. doi: 10.14309/ctg.0000000000000021. View abstract.
  • Eddouks M, Lemhardri A, Michel JB. Caraway and caper: potential anti-hyperglycaemic plants in diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol 2004;94:143-8. View abstract.
  • Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21. Part 182 -- Substances Generally Recognized As Safe. Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=182
  • Fetrow CW, Avila JR. Professional's Handbook of Complementary & Alternative Medicines. 1st ed. Springhouse, PA: Springhouse Corp., 1999.
  • Haqqaq EG, Abou-Moustafa MA, Boucher W, Theoharides TC. The effect of a herbal water-extract on histamine release from mast cells and on allergic asthma. J Herb Pharmacother 2003;3:41-54. View abstract.
  • Herb Info Canada. Caraway website. www.herb.plant.org/caraway.htm (Accessed 11 September 2000).
  • Holtmann G, Madisch A, Juergen H, et al. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial on the effects of an herbal preparation in patients with functional dyspepsia [Abstract]. Ann Mtg Digestive Disease Week 1999 May.
  • Kazemipoor M, Hamzah S, Hajifaraji M, Radzi CW, Cordell GA. Slimming and Appetite-Suppressing Effects of Caraway Aqueous Extract as a Natural Therapy in Physically Active Women. Phytother Res. 2016;30(6):981-7. View abstract.
  • Kazemipoor M, Radzi CW, Hajifaraji M, Cordell GA. Preliminary safety evaluation and biochemical efficacy of a Carum carvi extract: results from a randomized, triple-blind, and placebo-controlled clinical trial. Phytother Res. 2014;28(10):1456-60. View abstract.
  • Kazemipoor M, Radzi CW, Hajifaraji M, Haerian BS, Mosaddegh MH, Cordell GA. Antiobesity effect of caraway extract on overweight and obese women: a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:928582. View abstract.
  • Lauche R, Janzen A, Lüdtke R, Cramer H, Dobos G, Langhorst J. Efficacy of Caraway Oil Poultices in Treating Irritable Bowel Syndrome--A Randomized Controlled Cross-Over Trial. Digestion. 2015;92(1):22-31. View abstract.
  • Li J, Lv L, Zhang J, et al. A combination of peppermint oil and caraway oil for the treatment of functional dyspepsia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2019;2019:7654947. View abstract.
  • Madisch A, Heydenreich CJ, Wieland V, et al. Treatment of functional dyspepsia with a fixed peppermint oil and caraway oil combination preparation as compared to cisapride. A multicenter, reference-controlled, double-blind equivalence study. Arzneimittelforschung 1999;49:925-32. View abstract.
  • Madisch A, Holtmann G, Mayr G, et al. Treatment of functional dyspepsia with a herbal preparation. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial. Digestion 2004;69:45-52. View abstract.
  • Madisch A, Melderis H, Mayr G, et al. [A plant extract and its modified preparation in functional dyspepsia. Results of a double-blind placebo controlled comparative study]. Z Gastroenterol 2001;39(7):511-7. View abstract.
  • May B, Kohler S, Schneider B. Efficacy and tolerability of a fixed combination of peppermint oil and caraway oil in patients suffering from functional dyspepsia. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2000;14:1671-7. View abstract.
  • May B, Kuntz HD, Kieser M, Kohler S. Efficacy of a fixed peppermint oil/caraway oil combination in non-ulcer dyspepsia. Arzneimittelforschung 1996;46:1149-53. View abstract.
  • Melzer J, Rosch W, Reichling J, et al. Meta-analysis: phytotherapy of functional dyspepsia with the herbal drug preparation STW 5 (Iberogast). Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2004;20:1279-87. View abstract.
  • Micklefield GH, Greving I, May B. Effects of peppermint oil and caraway oil on gastroduodenal motility. Phytother Res 2000;14:20-3. View abstract.
  • Rich G, Shah A, Koloski N, et al. A randomized placebo-controlled trial on the effects of Menthacarin, a proprietary peppermint- and caraway-oil-preparation, on symptoms and quality of life in patients with functional dyspepsia. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2017;29(11). View abstract.
  • Sachin BS, Monica P, Sharma SC, et al. Pharmacokinetic interaction of some antitubercular drugs with caraway: implications in the enhancement of drug bioavailability. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2009;28(4):175-84. View abstract.
  • Zheng GQ, Kenney PM, Lam LK. Anethofuran, carvone, and limonene: potential cancer chemopreventive agents from dill weed oil and caraway oil. Planta Med 1992;58:338-41. View abstract.
  • Zheng GQ, Kenney PM, Lam LK. Anethofuran, carvone, and limonene: potential cancer chemopreventive agents from dill weed oil and caraway oil. Planta Med 1992;58:338-41. View abstract.

Vitamins Survey

Have you ever purchased CARAWAY?

Did you or will you purchase this product in-store or online?

Where did you or where do you plan to purchase this product?

Where did you or where do you plan to purchase this product?

What factors influenced or will influence your purchase? (check all that apply)

Vitamins Survey

Where did you or where do you plan to purchase this product?

Do you buy vitamins online or instore?

What factors are most important to you? (check all that apply)

This survey is being conducted by the WebMD marketing sciences department.Read More

More Resources for CARAWAY

CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty .