Olive oil is most commonly used for heart disease, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure.
In foods, olive oil is used as a cooking and salad oil. Olive oil is classified, in part, according to acid content, measured as free oleic acid. Extra virgin olive oil contains a maximum of 1% free oleic acid, virgin olive oil contains 2%, and ordinary olive oil contains 3.3%. Unrefined olive oils with more than 3.3% free oleic acid are considered "unfit for human consumption."
How does it work ?
Uses & Effectiveness ?
Possibly Effective for
- Breast cancer. Consuming more olive oil in the diet seems to be linked with a lower risk of developing breast cancer.
- Heart disease. People who cook using olive oil seem to have a lower risk of heart disease and lower risk of first heart attack compared to those who cook with other oils. Research also shows that following a diet that includes olive oil reduces the risk of heart attack, stroke, and heart disease-related death compared to following the same diet that includes less olive oil. The FDA allows labels on olive oil and on food that contains olive oil to state that limited evidence suggests that consuming about 2 tablespoons of olive oil instead of saturated fats may reduce the risk of heart disease. The FDA also allows products containing certain forms of olive oil to claim that consuming these products can reduce the risk of heart disease. It's unclear if higher dietary intake of olive oil is beneficial in people who already have heart disease.
- Constipation. Taking olive oil by mouth can help to soften stools in people with constipation.
- Diabetes. People who eat higher amounts of olive oil (about 15-20 grams per day) seem to have a lower risk of developing diabetes. Research also shows that olive oil can improve blood sugar control in people with diabetes.
- High blood pressure. Adding generous amounts of extra virgin olive oil to the diet and continuing with the usual treatments for high blood pressure can improve blood pressure over 6 months in people with high blood pressure. In some cases, people with mild to moderate high blood pressure can actually lower their dose of blood pressure medication or even stop taking medication altogether. However, do not adjust your medications without your healthcare provider's supervision. Taking olive leaf extract also seems to lower blood pressure in patients with high blood pressure.
Possibly Ineffective for
- Ear infection (otitis media). Applying olive oil drops into the ear does not appear to reduce pain in children with ear infections.
Insufficient Evidence for
- Earwax. It is unclear if applying olive oil into the ear helps to soften earwax any better than water or saline.
- Cancer. People who eat more olive oil seem to have a lower risk of developing cancer. But dietary intake of olive oil is not linked with a lower risk of cancer-related death.
- Leakage of a body fluid (chyle) into the space between the lungs and chest wall. Sometimes chyle leaks into the space between the lungs and chest wall during surgery of the esophagus. Taking about half a cup of olive oil eight hours before surgery might help prevent this injury.
- Memory and thinking skills (cognitive function). Middle-aged women who use olive oil for cooking seem to have improved thinking skills compared to those who use other cooking oils.
- Decline in memory and thinking skills in older people that is more than what is normal for their age. It is unclear if oral olive oil is beneficial for improving thinking skills and memory in older adults who have a decline in these skills.
- Colon cancer, rectal cancer. Research suggests that people who consume more olive oil in their diet might have a lower risk of developing colorectal cancer.
- Airway infections caused by exerciser. Early research shows that taking olive leaf extract doesn't prevent the common cold in student athletes. But it might help female athletes use fewer sick days.
- High cholesterol. Using olive oil in the diet instead of saturated fat may reduce total cholesterol levels in people with high cholesterol. But not all research agrees. Also, other dietary oils might reduce total cholesterol better than olive oil.
- A digestive tract infection that can lead to ulcers (Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori). Early research shows that taking 30 grams of olive oil before breakfast for 2-4 weeks helps get rid of Helicobacter pylori infections in some people.
- A grouping of symptoms that increase the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke (metabolic syndrome). Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions such as high blood pressure, excess body fat around the waist, or high blood sugar that can increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, or diabetes. Taking olive leaf extract seems to help control of blood sugar in men with this condition. But it does not seem to reduce body weight, cholesterol levels, or blood pressure.
- Migraine. Taking olive oil daily for 2 months seems to reduce the frequency and severity of migraine headaches. However, more research is needed.
- Build up of fat in the liver in people who drink little or no alcohol (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or NAFLD). Taking olive oil as part of a low-calorie diet may improve fatty liver better than dieting alone in patients with NAFLD.
- Obesity. Taking olive oil daily for 9 weeks as part of a low-calorie diet seems to help with fat loss, but not overall weight loss.
- Osteoarthritis. Early research shows that taking an extract of olive fruit or an extract of olive leaf decreases pain and increases function in people with osteoarthritis.
- Weak and brittle bones (osteoporosis). Taking olive leaf extract daily along with calcium might slow down bone loss in postmenopausal women with low bone density.
- Ovarian cancer. Research suggests that women who consume more olive oil in their diet have a lower risk of developing ovarian cancer.
- A serious gum infection (periodontitis). Using ozonated olive oil in the mouth, alone or following mouth treatment such as teeth scaling and root planing, seems to reduce the build-up of plaque and prevent bleeding and inflammation of the gums.
- Bed sores (pressure ulcers). It is unclear if applying olive oil to the skin prevents or improves the healing of bed sores.
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Some research suggests that people whose diet includes a high amount of olive oil have a lower risk of developing RA. But early research shows that taking a water extract of olive fruit does not improve symptoms in people with RA.
- Stretch marks. Early research shows that applying a small amount of olive oil to the stomach twice daily starting early in the second semester does not prevent stretch marks during pregnancy.
- Stroke. Early research has found that eating a diet high in olive oil might be linked with a lower chance of having a stroke.
- Eczema (atopic dermatitis).
- Flu (influenza).
- Gallbladder disease.
- Genital herpes.
- Scaly, itchy skin (psoriasis).
- Shingles (herpes zoster).
- Ringworm (Tinea corporis).
- Jock itch (Tinea cruris).
- A common fungal infection of the skin (Tinea versicolor).
- Other conditions.
There is insufficient reliable information available about the safety of olive leaf when taken by mouth.
When applied to the skin: Olive oil is LIKELY SAFE when applied to the skin. Delayed allergic responses and contact dermatitis have been reported. When used in the mouth following dental treatment, the mouth may feel more sensitive.
When inhaled: Olive trees produce pollen that can cause seasonal respiratory allergy in some people.
Special Precautions and Warnings
Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) interacts with OLIVE
Olive and olive oil might decrease blood sugar. Diabetes medications are also used to lower blood sugar. Taking olive oil along with diabetes medications might cause your blood sugar to go too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely. The dose of your diabetes medication might need to be changed.
Some medications used for diabetes include glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol), tolbutamide (Orinase), and others.
Medications for high blood pressure (Antihypertensive drugs) interacts with OLIVE
Olive seems to decrease blood pressure. Taking olive along with medications for high blood pressure might cause your blood pressure to go too low.
Some medications for high blood pressure include captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), losartan (Cozaar), valsartan (Diovan), diltiazem (Cardizem), Amlodipine (Norvasc), hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDIURIL), furosemide (Lasix), and many others.
Be cautious with this combination
- For constipation: 30 mL of olive oil.
- For preventing heart disease: 54 grams of olive oil per day (about 4 tablespoons) has been used. As a part of a Mediterranean diet, consuming up to 1 liter of extra-virgin olive oil per week has also been used.
- For preventing diabetes. A diet rich in olive oil has been used. Doses of 15-20 grams per day seem to work best.
- For high blood pressure: 30-40 grams per day of extra-virgin olive oil as part of the diet. 400 mg of olive leaf extract four times daily has also been used for high blood pressure.
Lee-Huang, S., Zhang, L., Huang, P. L., Chang, Y. T., and Huang, P. L. Anti-HIV activity of olive leaf extract (OLE) and modulation of host cell gene expression by HIV-1 infection and OLE treatment. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 8-8-2003;307(4):1029-1037. View abstract.
Markin, D., Duek, L., and Berdicevsky, I. In vitro antimicrobial activity of olive leaves. Mycoses 2003;46(3-4):132-136. View abstract.
O'Brien, N. M., Carpenter, R., O'Callaghan, Y. C., O'Grady, M. N., and Kerry, J. P. Modulatory effects of resveratrol, citroflavan-3-ol, and plant-derived extracts on oxidative stress in U937 cells. J Med Food 2006;9(2):187-195. View abstract.
Rogers, S., James, K. S., Butland, B. K., Etherington, M. D., O'Brien, J. R., and Jones, J. G. Effects of a fish oil supplement on serum lipids, blood pressure, bleeding time, haemostatic and rheological variables. A double blind randomised controlled trial in healthy volunteers. Atherosclerosis 1987;63(2-3):137-143. View abstract.
Agarwal A, Ioannidis JPA. PREDIMED trial of Mediterranean diet: retracted, republished, still trusted? BMJ. 2019;364:l341. View abstract.
Aguila MB, Pinheiro AR, Mandarim-de-Lacerda CA. Spontaneously hypertensive rats left ventricular cardiomyocyte loss attenuation through different edible oils long-term intake. Int J Cardiol 2005;100:461-6. View abstract.
Aguila MB, Sa Silva SP, Pinheiro AR, Mandarim-de-Lacerda CA. Effects of long-term intake of edible oils on hypertension and myocardial and aortic remodelling in spontaneously hypertensive rats. J Hypertens 2004;22:921-9. View abstract.
Akgedik R, Aytekin I, Kurt AB, Eren Dagli C. Recurrent pneumonia due to olive aspiration in a healthy adult: a case report. Clin Respir J. 2016 Nov;10(6):809-10. View abstract.
Al Waili, N. S. An alternative treatment for pityriasis versicolor, tinea cruris, tinea corporis and tinea faciei with topical application of honey, olive oil and beeswax mixture: an open pilot study. Complement Ther.Med. 2004;12(1):45-47. View abstract.
Al Waili, N. S. Topical application of natural honey, beeswax and olive oil mixture for atopic dermatitis or psoriasis: partially controlled, single-blinded study. Complement Ther.Med. 2003;11(4):226-234. View abstract.
Aziz NH, Farag SE, Mousa LA, et al. Comparative antibacterial and antifungal effects of some phenolic compounds. Microbios 1998;93:43-54. View abstract.
Beauchamp GK, Keast RS, Morel D, et al. Phytochemistry: ibuprofen-like activity in extra-virgin olive oil. Nature 2005;437:45-6. View abstract.
Bisignano G, Tomaino A, Lo Cascio R, et al. On the in-vitro antimicrobial activity of oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol. J Pharm Pharmacol 1999;51:971-4. View abstract.
Bitler CM, Matt K, Irving M, et al. Olive extract supplement decreases pain and improves daily activities in adults with osteoarthritis and decreases plasma homocysteine in those with rheumatoid arthritis. Nutri Res 2007;27:470-7.
Bosetti, C., Negri, E., Franceschi, S., Talamini, R., Montella, M., Conti, E., Lagiou, P., Parazzini, F., and La Vecchia, C. Olive oil, seed oils and other added fats in relation to ovarian cancer (Italy). Cancer Causes Control 2002;13(5):465-470. View abstract.
Bove A, Bellini M, Battaglia E, et al. Consensus statement AIGO/SICCR diagnosis and treatment of chronic constipation and obstructed defecation (part II: treatment). World J Gastroenterol. 2012;18(36):4994-5013. View abstract.
Brackett RE. Letter Responding to Health Claim Petition dated August 28, 2003: Monounsaturated Fatty Acids from Olive Oil and Coronary Heart Disease. CFSAN/Office of Nutritional Products, Labeling and Dietary Supplements. 2004 Nov 1; Docket No 2003Q-0559. Available at: https://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dailys/04/nov04/110404/03q-0559-ans0001-01-vol9.pdf.
Braga, C., La Vecchia, C., Franceschi, S., Negri, E., Parpinel, M., Decarli, A., Giacosa, A., and Trichopoulos, D. Olive oil, other seasoning fats, and the risk of colorectal carcinoma. Cancer 2-1-1998;82(3):448-453. View abstract.
Bruneton J. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. Paris: Lavoisier Publishing, 1995.
Buckland G, Mayén AL, Agudo A, Travier N, Navarro C, Huerta JM, Chirlaque MD, Barricarte A, Ardanaz E, Moreno-Iribas C, Marin P, Quirós JR, Redondo ML, Amiano P, Dorronsoro M, Arriola L, Molina E, Sanchez MJ, Gonzalez CA. Olive oil intake and mortality within the Spanish population (EPIC-Spain). Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Jul;96(1):142-9. View abstract.
Castro M, Romero C, de Castro A, Vargas J, Medina E, Millán R, Brenes M. Assessment of Helicobacter pylori eradication by virgin olive oil. Helicobacter. 2012 Aug;17(4):305-11. View abstract.
Cherif S, Rahal N, Haouala M, et al. [A clinical trial of a titrated Olea extract in the treatment of essential arterial hypertension]. J Pharm Belg 1996;51:69-71. View abstract.
de Bock M, Derraik JG, Brennan CM, Biggs JB, Morgan PE, Hodgkinson SC, Hofman PL, Cutfield WS. Olive (Olea europaea L.) leaf polyphenols improve insulin sensitivity in middle-aged overweight men: a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e57622. View abstract.
de Bock M, Thorstensen EB, Derraik JG, Henderson HV, Hofman PL, Cutfield WS. Human absorption and metabolism of oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol ingested as olive (Olea europaea L.) leaf extract. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2013 Nov;57(11):2079-85. View abstract.
de la Torre R, Carbó M, Pujadas M, et al. Pharmacokinetics of maslinic and oleanolic acids from olive oil - Effects on endothelial function in healthy adults. A randomized, controlled, dose-response study. Food Chem. 2020;322:126676. View abstract.
Du ZS, Li XY, Luo HS, et al. Preoperative administration of olive oil reduces chylothorax after minimally invasive esophagectomy. Ann Thorac Surg. 2019;107(5):1540-1543. View abstract.
Estruch R, Ros E, Salas-Salvadó J, et al. Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet Supplemented with Extra-Virgin Olive Oil or Nuts. N Engl J Med. 2018 J;378(25):e34. View abstract.
Estruch R, Ros E, Salas-Salvado J, et al. Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet. N Engl J Med 2013.. View abstract.
FDA completes review of qualified health claim petition for oleic acid and the risk of coronary heart disease. November 2018. Available at: www.fda.gov/Food/NewsEvents/ConstituentUpdates/ucm624758.htm. Accessed January 25, 2019.
Fernandez-Jarne E, Martinez-Losa E, Prado-Santamaria M, et al. Risk of first non-fatal myocardial infarction negatively associated with olive oil consumption: a case-control study in Spain. Int J Epidemiol 2002;31:474-80. View abstract.
Ferrara LA, Raimondi AS, d'Episcopo L, et al. Olive oil and reduced need for antihypertensive medications. Arch Intern Med 2000;160:837-42. View abstract.
Filip R, Possemiers S, Heyerick A, Pinheiro I, Raszewski G, Davicco MJ, Coxam V. Twelve-month consumption of a polyphenol extract from olive (Olea europaea) in a double blind, randomized trial increases serum total osteocalcin levels and improves serum lipid profiles in postmenopausal women with osteopenia. J Nutr Health Aging. 2015 Jan;19(1):77-86. View abstract.
Galvão Cândido F, Xavier Valente F, da Silva LE, et al. Consumption of extra virgin olive oil improves body composition and blood pressure in women with excess body fat: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Eur J Nutr. 2018;57(7):2445-2455. View abstract.
Ghobadi S, Hassanzadeh-Rostami Z, Mohammadian F, et al. Comparison of blood lipid-lowering effects of olive oil and other plant oils: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 27 randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2019;59(13):2110-2124. View abstract.
Guasch-Ferré M, Liu G, Li Y, et al. Olive Oil Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk in U.S. Adults. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020;75(15):1729-1739. View abstract.
Hoberman A, Paradise JL, Reynolds EA, et al. Efficacy of Auralgan for treating ear pain in children with acute otitis media. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1997;151:675-8. View abstract.
Isaksson M, Bruze M. Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from olive oil in a masseur. J Am Acad Dermatol 1999;41:312-5. View abstract.
Karimi Z, Mousavizadeh A, Rafiei H, et al. The Effect of Using Olive Oil and Fish Oil Prophylactic Dressings on Heel Pressure Injury Development in Critically Ill Patients. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2020 Jan 20;13:59-65. View abstract.
Katan MB, Zock PL, Mensink RP. Dietary oils, serum lipoproteins, and coronary heart disease. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;61:1368S-73S. View abstract.
Keys A, Menotti A, Karvonen MJ , et al. The diet and 15-year death rate in the seven countries study. Am J Epidemiol 1986;124:903-15. View abstract.
Kouli GM, Panagiotakos DB, Kyrou I, et al. Olive oil consumption and 10-year (2002-2012) cardiovascular disease incidence: the ATTICA study. Eur J Nutr. 2019;58(1):131-138. View abstract.
la Vecchia C, Negri E, Franceschi S, et al. Olive oil, other dietary fats, and the risk of breast cancer (Italy). Cancer Causes Control 1995;6:545-50. View abstract.
Liccardi G, D'Amato M, D'Amato G. Oleaceae pollinosis: a review. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 1996;111:210-7. View abstract.
Linos A, Kaklamani VG, Kaklamani E, et al. Dietary factors in relation to rheumatoid arthritis: a role for olive oil and cooked vegetables? Am J Clin Nutr 1999;70:1077-82. View abstract.
Linos, A., Kaklamanis, E., Kontomerkos, A., Koumantaki, Y., Gazi, S., Vaiopoulos, G., Tsokos, G. C., and Kaklamanis, P. The effect of olive oil and fish consumption on rheumatoid arthritis--a case control study. Scand.J.Rheumatol. 1991;20(6):419-426. View abstract.
Madigan C, Ryan M, Owens D, et al. Dietary unsaturated fatty acids in type 2 diabetes: higher levels of postprandial lipoprotein on a linoleic acid-rich sunflower oil diet compared with an oleic acid-rich olive oil diet. Diabetes Care 2000;23:1472-7. View abstract.
Martin-Moreno JM, Willett WC, Gorgojo L, et al. Dietary fat, olive oil intake and breast cancer risk. Int J Cancer 1994;58:774-80. View abstract.
Mata P, Alvarez-Sala LA, Rubio MJ, et al. Effects of long-term monounsaturated- vs polyunsaturated-enriched diets on lipoproteins in healthy men and women. Am J Clin Nutr 1992;55:846-50. View abstract.
Miraj S, Pourafzali S, Ahmadabadi ZV, Rafiei Z. Effect of Olive Oil in Preventing the Development of Pressure Ulcer Grade One in Intensive Care Unit Patients. Int J Prev Med. 2020;11:23. View abstract.
Nagyova, A., Haban, P., Klvanova, J., and Kadrabova, J. Effects of dietary extra virgin olive oil on serum lipid resistance to oxidation and fatty acid composition in elderly lipidemic patients. Bratisl.Lek.Listy 2003;104(7-8):218-221. View abstract.
Panahi Y, Rastgar N, Zamani A, Sahebkar A. Comparing the Therapeutic Effects of Aloe vera and Olive Oil Combination Cream versus Topical Betamethasone for Atopic Dermatitis: A Randomized Double-blind Clinical Trial. J Pharmacopuncture. 2020;23(3):173-178. View abstract.
Patel PV, Patel A, Kumar S, Holmes JC. Effect of subgingival application of topical ozonated olive oil in the treatment of chronic periodontitis: a randomized, controlled, double blind, clinical and microbiological study. Minerva Stomatol. 2012 Sep;61(9):381-98. View abstract.
Patti AM, Carruba G, Cicero AFG, et al. Daily Use of Extra Virgin Olive Oil with High Oleocanthal Concentration Reduced Body Weight, Waist Circumference, Alanine Transaminase, Inflammatory Cytokines and Hepatic Steatosis in Subjects with the Metabolic Syndrome: A 2-Month Intervention Study. Metabolites. 2020;10(10):392. View abstract.
Petroni, A., Blasevich, M., Salami, M., Papini, N., Montedoro, G. F., and Galli, C. Inhibition of platelet aggregation and eicosanoid production by phenolic components of olive oil. Thromb.Res. 4-15-1995;78(2):151-160. View abstract.
Psaltopoulou T, Kosti RI, Haidopoulos D, Dimopoulos M, Panagiotakos DB. Olive oil intake is inversely related to cancer prevalence: a systematic review and a meta-analysis of 13,800 patients and 23,340 controls in 19 observational studies. Lipids Health Dis. 2011 Jul 30;10:127. View abstract.
Rees K1, Takeda A, Martin N, et al. Mediterranean-style diet for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Mar 13;3:CD009825. View abstract.
Rezaei S, Akhlaghi M, Sasani MR, Barati Boldaji R. Olive oil lessened fatty liver severity independent of cardiometabolic correction in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A randomized clinical trial. Nutrition. 2019;57:154-161. View abstract.
Ruiz-Gutierrez V, Muriana FJ, Guerrero A, et al. Plasma lipids, erythrocyte membrane lipids and blood pressure of hypertensive women after ingestion of dietary oleic acid from two different sources. J Hypertens 1996;14:1483-90. View abstract.
Santos ASEAC, Rodrigues APDS, Rosa LPS, Noll M, Silveira EA. Traditional Brazilian Diet and Olive Oil Reduce Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Severely Obese Individuals: A Randomized Trial. Nutrients. 2020;12(5):1413. View abstract.
Schwartz SR, Magit AE, Rosenfeld RM, et al. Clinical Practice Guideline (Update): Earwax (Cerumen Impaction). Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;156(1_suppl):S1-S29. View abstract.
Schwingshackl L, Lampousi AM, Portillo MP, Romaguera D, Hoffmann G, Boeing H. Olive oil in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies and intervention trials. Nutr Diabetes. 2017 Apr 10;7(4):e262. View abstract.
Secondary Direct Food Additives Permitted in Food for Human Consumption. Safe use of ozone when used as a gas or dissolved in water as an antimicrobial agent on food, including meat and poultry. Federal Register 66 https://www.fda.gov/OHRMS/Dockets/98fr/062601a.htm (Accessed 26 June 2001).
Shaw I. Possible toxicity of olive leaf extract in a dietary supplement. N Z Med J. 2016 Apr 1129(1432):86-7. View abstract.
Soltanipoor F, Delaram M, Taavoni S, Haghani H. The effect of olive oil on prevention of striae gravidarum: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Complement Ther Med. 2012 Oct;20(5):263-6. View abstract.
Somerville V, Moore R, Braakhuis A. The effect of olive leaf extract on upper respiratory illness in high school athletes: A randomised control trial. Nutrients. 2019;11(2). pii: E358. View abstract.
Stoneham M, Goldacre M, Seagroatt V, Gill L. Olive oil, diet and colorectal cancer: an ecological study and a hypothesis. J Epidemiol Community Health 2000;54:756-60. View abstract.
Taavoni S, Soltanipour F, Haghani H, Ansarian H, Kheirkhah M. Effects of olive oil on striae gravidarum in the second trimester of pregnancy. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2011 Aug;17(3):167-9. View abstract.
Takeda R, Koike T, Taniguchi I, Tanaka K. Double-blind placebo-controlled trial of hydroxytyrosol of Olea europaea on pain in gonarthrosis. Phytomedicine. 2013 Jul 15;20(10):861-4. View abstract.
Temple NJ, Guercio V, Tavani A. The Mediterranean Diet and Cardiovascular Disease: Gaps in the Evidence and Research Challenges. Cardiol Rev. 2019;27(3):127-130. View abstract.
The IOOC's Trade Standard Applying to Olive Oil and Olive Pomace Oil. Available at: sovrana.com/ioocdef.htm (Accessed 23 June 2004).
Togna GI, Togna AR, Franconi M, et al. Olive oil isochromans inhibit human platelet reactivity. J Nutr 2003;133:2532-6.. View abstract.
Trevisan M, Krogh V, Freudenheim J, et al. Consumption of olive oil, butter, and vegetable oils and coronary heart disease risk factors. The Research Group ATS-RF2 of the Italian National Research Council. JAMA 1990;263:688-92. View abstract.
Trichopoulou A, Katsouyanni K, Stuver S, et al. Consumption of olive oil and specific food groups in relation to breast cancer risk in Greece. J Natl Cancer Inst 1995;87:110-6. View abstract.
Tsolaki M, Lazarou E, Kozori M, et al. A Randomized Clinical Trial of Greek High Phenolic Early Harvest Extra Virgin Olive Oil in Mild Cognitive Impairment: The MICOIL Pilot Study. J Alzheimers Dis. 2020;78(2):801-817. View abstract.
van Joost T, Smitt JH, van Ketel WG. Sensitization to olive oil (olea europeae). Contact Dermatitis 1981;7:309-10.
Warrior L, Weber KM, Daubert E, et al. Olive oil intake associated with increased attention scores in women living with HIV: Findings from the Chicago Women's Interagency HIV study. Nutrients. 2019;11(8). pii: E1759. View abstract.
Williams, C. M. Beneficial nutritional properties of olive oil: implications for postprandial lipoproteins and factor VII. Nutr.Metab Cardiovasc.Dis. 2001;11(4 Suppl):51-56. View abstract.
Zambon A, Sartore G, Passera D, et al. Effects of hypocaloric dietary treatment enriched in oleic acid on LDL and HDL subclass distribution in mildly obese women. J Intern Med 1999;246:191-201. View abstract.
Donnelly, S. M., Ali, M. A., and Churchill, D. N. Effect of n-3 fatty acids from fish oil on hemostasis, blood pressure, and lipid profile of dialysis patients. J Am Soc Nephrol 1992;2(11):1634-1639. View abstract.
Select a condition to view a list of vitamins
You Might Also Like
CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.
This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2020.