POISON IVY

OTHER NAME(S):

Bois de Chien, Caquistle, Caxuistle, Herbe à la Puce, Herbe à Puce, Hiedra Venenosa, Markweed, Poison Vine, Rhus radicans, Rhus Tox, Sumac Grimpant, Sumac Vénéneux, Three-Leafed Ivy, Toxicodendron radicans.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Poison ivy is a plant. Most people remember poison ivy as a plant that can cause a serious, long-lasting rash, if touched. The leaves are used to make medicine.

Homeopathic preparations of Poison ivy are used to treat pain, rheumatoid arthritis, menstrual period problems, swelling, and itchy skin disorders.

How does it work?

It is not known how poison ivy works in homeopathic medicine. It causes severe side effects because it is a skin irritant and it stimulates the immune system, causing allergic reactions.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Pain.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Menstrual period problems.
  • Swelling.
  • Itchy skin disorders.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of poison ivy for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Poison ivy is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth or touched. Chemicals in poison ivy can cause an allergic reaction with widespread symptoms. When taken by mouth, poison ivy can cause severe irritation of the mouth, throat, and lining of the stomach and intestines; nausea; vomiting; colic; diarrhea; dizziness; blood in the urine; fever; and coma.

Skin contact can cause redness, swelling, blisters, severe skin destruction, swelling of the eye (cornea), or loss of sight. To prevent poison ivy from causing skin irritation, wash exposed areas with soap and water within 5 to 10 minutes of contact. Alcohol can also be used.

Inhaling smoke from the burning plant can result in fever, lung infection, and death due to swelling of the throat.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Poison ivy is LIKELY UNSAFE to take by mouth or touch. Avoid it.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for POISON IVY Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of poison ivy depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for poison ivy. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Baer, R. L. Poison ivy dermatitis. Cutis 1986;37(6):434-436. View abstract.
  • Cardinali, C., Francalanci, S., Giomi, B., Caproni, M., Sertoli, A., and Fabbri, P. Contact dermatitis from Rhus toxicodendron in a homeopathic remedy. J Am Acad.Dermatol. 2004;50(1):150-151. View abstract.
  • CASPERS, A. P. Poison ivy (Rhus toxicodendron); a survey of the poison ivy problem in Canada and some independent observations on the value of zirconium products in prophylaxis and treatment. Can.Med Assoc.J 5-15-1957;76(10):852-860. View abstract.
  • Epstein, W. L. Occupational poison ivy and oak dermatitis. Dermatol.Clin. 1994;12(3):511-516. View abstract.
  • Gladman, A. C. Toxicodendron dermatitis: poison ivy, oak, and sumac. Wilderness.Environ.Med 2006;17(2):120-128. View abstract.
  • Griffiths, C. E. and Nickoloff, B. J. Keratinocyte intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression precedes dermal T lymphocytic infiltration in allergic contact dermatitis (Rhus dermatitis). Am J Pathol. 1989;135(6):1045-1053. View abstract.
  • Griffiths, C. E., Barker, J. N., Kunkel, S., and Nickoloff, B. J. Modulation of leucocyte adhesion molecules, a T-cell chemotaxin (IL-8) and a regulatory cytokine (TNF-alpha) in allergic contact dermatitis (rhus dermatitis). Br.J Dermatol. 1991;124(6):519-526. View abstract.
  • Guin, J. D. Poison ivy dermatitis in winter with an example of filial contact dermatitis. J.Indiana State Med.Assoc. 1983;76(3):184. View abstract.
  • Hurwitz, R. M., Rivera, H. P., and Guin, J. D. Black-spot poison ivy dermatitis. An acute irritant contact dermatitis superimposed upon an allergic contact dermatitis. Am.J.Dermatopathol. 1984;6(4):319-322. View abstract.
  • Johnson, R. A., Haer, H., Kirkpatrick, C. H., Dawson, C. R., and Khurana, R. G. Comparison of the contact allergenicity of the four pentadecylcatechols derived from poison ivy urushiol in human subjects. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 1972;49(1):27-35. View abstract.
  • Kalish, R. S. The use of human T-lymphocyte clones to study T-cell function in allergic contact dermatitis to urushiol. J Invest Dermatol. 1990;94(6 Suppl):108S-111S. View abstract.
  • Kollef, M. H. Adult respiratory distress syndrome after smoke inhalation from burning poison ivy. JAMA 7-26-1995;274(4):358-359. View abstract.
  • Kurlan, J. G. and Lucky, A. W. Black spot poison ivy: A report of 5 cases and a review of the literature. J.Am.Acad.Dermatol. 2001;45(2):246-249. View abstract.
  • Lee, N. P. and Arriola, E. R. Poison ivy, oak, and sumac dermatitis. West J.Med. 1999;171(5-6):354-355. View abstract.
  • Lejman, E., Stoudemayer, T., Grove, G., and Kligman, A. M. Age differences in poison ivy dermatitis. Contact Dermatitis 1984;11(3):163-167. View abstract.
  • Mallory, S. B., Miller, O. F., III, and Tyler, W. B. Toxicodendron radicans dermatitis with black lacquer deposit on the skin. J.Am.Acad.Dermatol. 1982;6(3):363-368. View abstract.
  • Marks, J. G., Jr., DeMelfi, T., McCarthy, M. A., Witte, E. J., Castagnoli, N., Epstein, W. L., and Aber, R. C. Dermatitis from cashew nuts. J.Am.Acad.Dermatol. 1984;10(4):627-631. View abstract.
  • Nickoloff, B. J., Fivenson, D. P., Kunkel, S. L., Strieter, R. M., and Turka, L. A. Keratinocyte interleukin-10 expression is upregulated in tape-stripped skin, poison ivy dermatitis, and Sezary syndrome, but not in psoriatic plaques. Clin.Immunol.Immunopathol. 1994;73(1):63-68. View abstract.
  • Resnick, S. D. Poison-ivy and poison-oak dermatitis. Clin.Dermatol. 1986;4(2):208-212. View abstract.
  • Sasseville, D. and Nguyen, K. H. Allergic contact dermatitis from Rhus toxicodendron in a phytotherapeutic preparation. Contact Dermatitis 1995;32(3):182-183. View abstract.
  • Schram, S. E., Willey, A., Lee, P. K., Bohjanen, K. A., and Warshaw, E. M. Black-spot poison ivy. Dermatitis 2008;19(1):48-51. View abstract.
  • Schwartz, R. S. and Downham, T. F. Erythema multiforme associated with Rhus contact dermatitis. Cutis 1981;27(1):85-86. View abstract.
  • Werchniak, A. E. and Schwarzenberger, K. Poison ivy: an underreported cause of erythema multiforme. J Am Acad.Dermatol. 2004;51(5 Suppl):S159-S160. View abstract.
  • Berk DR, Hurt MA, Reese LT, Wagner L, Bayliss SJ. Milia after allergic contact dermatitis from poison ivy: two cases. Dermatitis 2010;21(3):E16-8. View abstract.
  • Cohen LM, Cohen JL. Erythema multiforme associated with contact dermatitis to poison ivy: three cases and a review of the literature. Cutis 1998;62:139-42. View abstract.
  • Colbeck C, Clayton TH, Goenka A. Poison ivy dermatitis. Arch Dis Child 2013;98(12):1022. View abstract.
  • Hershko, K., Weinberg, I., and Ingber, A. Exploring the mango-poison ivy connection: the riddle of discriminative plant dermatitis. Contact Dermatitis 2005;52(1):3-5. View abstract.
  • Lampe KF. Dermatitis-producing Anacardiaceae of the Caribbean area. Clinics in Dermatol 1986; 4(2):171-82. View abstract.
  • Oka, K., Saito, F., Yasuhara, T., and Sugimoto, A. A study of cross-reactions between mango contact allergens and urushiol. Contact Dermatitis 2004;51(5-6):292-296. View abstract.
  • Sowers WF, Weary PE, Collins OD, Cawley EP. Ginkgo-tree dermatitis. Arch Dermatol 1965;91(5):452-6. View abstract.
  • Sugiura K, Sagiura M. Contact dermatitis caused by ginkgo. Global J Allergy 2016;2:001-2. DOI: 10.17352/2455-8141.000011

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2018.