ANDIROBA

OTHER NAME(S):

Andiroba Oil, Andiroba-Saruba, Andiroba-Saruva, Bastard Mahogany, Brazilian Mahogany, Caoba Bastarda, Caoba del Brasil, Caobilla, Carapa, Carapa guianensis, Carapa Rouge, Carapinha, Cedro, Cedro Macho, Crabwood, Iandirova, Mahogany, Najesí, Nandiroba, Requia.

Overview

Overview Information

Andiroba is a plant. The bark and leaf, as well as oil from the fruit and the seed, are used to make medicine.

Andiroba seed oil is most commonly used as a mosquito repellent. Various parts of the plant are also used for conditions such as cough, arthritis, wounds, parasites, and many others, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

In manufacturing, andiroba is used as a solvent for dissolving and removing dyes from plants, as a lamp oil, and as an insect repellent.

How does it work?

Andiroba contains chemicals called limonoids. These chemicals seem to repel and kill mosquitoes and other insects. Other chemicals in andiroba might help the skin to heal faster from wounds.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Mosquito repellent. Early research suggests that applying 100% andiroba oil to the skin protects against mosquito bites. But it doesn't work as well as applying 50% DEET.
  • Fevers.
  • Herpes.
  • Intestinal worms.
  • Coughs.
  • Skin conditions.
  • Sores.
  • Ulcers.
  • Removing tick.
  • Skin parasites.
  • Arthritis.
  • Muscle and joint aches and injuries.
  • Wounds.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of andiroba for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: There isn't enough reliable information to know if andiroba is safe or what the side effects might be.

When applied to the skin: There isn't enough reliable information to know if andiroba is safe or what the side effects might be.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if andiroba is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for ANDIROBA Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of andiroba depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for andiroba. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Konan, Y. L., Sylla, M. S., Doannio, J. M., and Traore, S. Comparison of the effect of two excipients (karite nut butter and vaseline) on the efficacy of Cocos nucifera, Elaeis guineensis and Carapa procera oil-based repellents formulations against mosquitoes biting in Ivory Coast. Parasite 2003;10(2):181-184. View abstract.
  • Miot, H. A., Batistella, R. F., Batista, Kde A., Volpato, D. E., Augusto, L. S., Madeira, N. G., Haddad, V., Jr., and Miot, L. D. Comparative study of the topical effectiveness of the Andiroba oil (Carapa guianensis) and DEET 50% as repellent for Aedes sp. Rev Inst Med Trop.Sao Paulo 2004;46(5):253-256. View abstract.
  • Sylla, M., Konan, L., Doannio, J. M., and Traore, S. [Evaluation of the efficacity of coconut (Cocos nucifera), palm nut (Eleais guineensis) and gobi (Carapa procera) lotions and creams in indivirual protection against Simulium damnosum s.l. bites in Cote d'Ivoire]. Bull.Soc.Pathol.Exot. 2003;96(2):104-109. View abstract.
  • Costa-Silva JH, Lima CR, Silva EJ, et al. Acute and subacute toxicity of the Carapa guianensis Aublet (Meliaceae) seed oil. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;116(3):495-500. View abstract.
  • Costa-Silva JH, Lyra MM, Lima CR, et al. A toxicological evaluation of the effect of Carapa guianensis Aublet on pregnancy in Wistar rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;112(1):122-6. View abstract.
  • Duke JA, Vasquez R. Amazonian Ethnobotanical Dictionary. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, LLC 1994.
  • Miranda Júnior RN, Dolabela MF, da Silva MN, Póvoa MM, Maia JG. Antiplasmodial activity of the andiroba (Carapa guianensis Aubl., Meliaceae) oil and its limonoid-rich fraction. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012 1;142(3):679-83. View abstract.
  • Nayak BS, Kanhai J, Milne DM, Pinto Pereira L, Swanston WH. Experimental evaluation of ethanolic extract of Carapa guianensis L. leaf for its wound healing activity using three wound models. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2011;2011:419612. View abstract.
  • Prophiro JS, da Silva MA, Kanis LA, da Silva BM, Duque-Luna JE, da Silva OS. Evaluation of time toxicity, residual effect, and growth-inhibiting property of Carapa guianensis and Copaifera sp. in Aedes aegypti. Parasitol Res. 2012;110(2):713-9. View abstract.
  • Sarria AL, Soares MS, Matos AP, Fernandes JB, Vieira PC, da Silva MF. Effect of triterpenoids and limonoids isolated from Cabralea canjerana and Carapa guianensis (Meliaceae) against Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith). Z Naturforsch C. 2011;66(5-6):245-50. View wabstract.
  • Schultes RE, Raffauf RF. The Healing Forest, Medicinal and Toxic Plants of the Northwest Amazonia. Portland, OR: Dioscorides Press, 1990.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
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