NORTHERN PRICKLY ASH

OTHER NAME(S):

Angelica Tree, Clavalier, Clavalier d’Amérique, Clavalier à Feuilles de Frêne, Clavalier Frêne, Frêne Épineux, Frêne Épineux du Nord, Fresno Espinoso Americano, Pepper Wood, Prickly Ash, Toothache Bark, Xanthoxylum, Yellow Wood, Zanthoxylum, Zanthoxylum americanum.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Northern prickly ash is a plant. The bark and berry are used to make medicine. Be careful not to confuse northern prickly ash with ash or southern prickly ash.

People take northern prickly ash for blood circulation problems and resulting conditions including leg pain (intermittent claudication) and Raynaud's syndrome. It is also used for joint pain, cramps, low blood pressure, fever, swelling (inflammation), toothache, sores, ulcers, and cancer (as an ingredient in Hoxsey cure).

Some people use northern prickly ash as a tonic, as a stimulant, and for “sweating out a fever.”

In manufacturing, northern prickly ash is used as a flavoring in foods and beverages.

How does it work?

It is not known how northern prickly ash might work.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Cramps.
  • Joint pain.
  • Circulation problems.
  • Low blood pressure.
  • Fever.
  • Swelling.
  • Toothache.
  • Sores.
  • Ulcers.
  • Cancer.
  • Use as a tonic.
  • Use as a stimulant.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of northern prickly ash for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Northern prickly ash bark might be safe for most people, but the potential side effects are not known.

There isn't enough information to know if the northern prickly ash berry is safe to use as medicine or what the potential side effects might be.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Using northern prickly ash bark during pregnancy might be UNSAFE. Not enough is known about the safety of using northern prickly ash berry during pregnancy. It’s best to avoid using both forms of northern prickly ash if you are pregnant.

It’s also wise to avoid northern prickly ash if you are breast-feeding. Not enough is known about its possible effects on nursing babies.

Stomach or intestinal problems including ulcers, Crohn's disease, irritable bowel syndrome, infections, or other digestive tract conditions: Northern prickly ash can stimulate digestive juices and cause irritation. This can make stomach and intestinal problems worse. Do not use northern prickly ash if you have any of these conditions.

Interactions

Interactions?

Minor Interaction

Be watchful with this combination

!
  • Antacids interacts with NORTHERN PRICKLY ASH

    Antacids are used to decrease stomach acid. Northern prickly ash may increase stomach acid. By increasing stomach acid, northern prickly ash might decrease the effectiveness of antacids.<br/><br/> Some antacids include calcium carbonate (Tums, others), dihydroxyaluminum sodium carbonate (Rolaids, others), magaldrate (Riopan), magnesium sulfate (Bilagog), aluminum hydroxide (Amphojel), and others.

  • Medications that decrease stomach acid (H2-Blockers) interacts with NORTHERN PRICKLY ASH

    Northern prickly ash might increase stomach acid. By increasing stomach acid, northern prickly ash might decrease the effectiveness of some medications that decrease stomach acid, called H2-Blockers.<br/><br/> Some medications that decrease stomach acid include cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), nizatidine (Axid), and famotidine (Pepcid).

  • Medications that decrease stomach acid (Proton pump inhibitors) interacts with NORTHERN PRICKLY ASH

    Northern prickly ash might increase stomach acid. By increasing stomach acid, northern prickly ash might decrease the effectiveness of medications that are used to decrease stomach acid, called proton pump inhibitors.<br/><br/> Some medications that decrease stomach acid include omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), rabeprazole (Aciphex), pantoprazole (Protonix), and esomeprazole (Nexium).

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of northern prickly ash depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for northern prickly ash. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Brinker F. Herb Contraindications and Drug Interactions. 2nd ed. Sandy, OR: Eclectic Medical Publications, 1998.
  • McGuffin M, Hobbs C, Upton R, Goldberg A, eds. American Herbal Products Association's Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, LLC 1997.
  • Newall CA, Anderson LA, Philpson JD. Herbal Medicine: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals. London, UK: The Pharmaceutical Press, 1996.

More Resources for NORTHERN PRICKLY ASH

CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version. © Therapeutic Research Faculty 2009.