Bidarikand, Bilaikanda, Daidzein, Dolichos hirsutus, Dolichos lobatus, Fen Ke, Fenge, Gange, Ge Gen, Gegen, Ghora-bel, Indian Kudzu, Isoflavone, Isoflavones, Japanese Arrowroot, Kakkon, Kudsu, Kudzu Vine, Kwaao Khruea, Mealy Kudzu, Nepalem, Neustanthus chinensis, Pachyrhizus thunbergianus, Pueraria, Pueraria candollei, Pueraria hirsuta, Pueraria lobata, Pueraria lobata var. chinensis, Pueraria mirifica, Pueraria montana var. lobata, Pueraria montana var. thomsonii, Pueraria pseudohirsuta, Pueraria Root, Pueraria thomsonii, Pueraria thunbergiana, Pueraria tuberosa, Radix Puerariae, Red Indian Kudzu, Thai Kudzu Root Extract, Vidarikand, Vigne Kudzu, Wa Yaka, White Indian Kudzu, Yege.<br/><br/>
Overview InformationKudzu is a vine. Under the right growing conditions, it spreads easily, covering virtually everything that doesn't move out of its path. Kudzu was introduced in North America in 1876 in the southeastern U.S. to prevent soil erosion. But kudzu spread quickly and overtook farms and buildings, leading some to call to kudzu "the vine that ate the South."
Kudzu's root, flower, and leaf are used to make medicine.
People use kudzu to treat alcoholism and to reduce symptoms of alcohol hangover, including headache, upset stomach, dizziness, and vomiting. Kudzu is also used for heart and circulatory problems, including high blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, heart failure, and chest pain; for upper respiratory problems including sinus infections, the common cold, hay fever, flu, and swine flu; and for skin problems, including allergic skin rash, itchiness, and psoriasis.
Some people use kudzu for menopause symptoms, weight loss, exercise performance, muscle pain, measles, dysentery, stomach pain (gastritis), fever, diarrhea, thirst, neck stiffness, and to promote sweating. Other oral uses include treatment of polio myelitis, encephalitis, migraine, deafness, diabetes, nerve pain and vision loss associated with diabetes, and traumatic injuries.
Health providers in China sometimes give puerarin, a chemical in kudzu, intravenously (by IV) to treat stroke due to a blood clot, as well as for back pain, heart attacks, and to reduce cholesterol levels in people with heart disease.
How does it work?There is information that suggests kudzu contains ingredients that counteract alcohol. It might also have effects like estrogen. Chemicals in kudzu might also increase blood circulation in the heart and brain.
Uses & Effectiveness
Possibly Effective for
- Alcoholism. Research suggests that heavy drinkers or binge drinkers who take kudzu consume less beer when given a chance to drink. But kudzu doesn't seem to decrease the craving for alcohol or improve sobriety in long-term alcoholics.
Insufficient Evidence for
- Chest pains. Some early research suggests that puerarin, a chemical in kudzu, might improve signs and symptoms of chest pain when taken by mouth or injected intravenously (by IV). Some evidence suggests that using IV puerarin along with usual treatment might be more effective than usual treatment alone. However, studies on puerarin are generally of poor quality and might not be reliable. Puerarin injection products are not available in North America.
- Preventing chest pain during a procedure called percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Early research suggests that injecting 200 mL of puerarin, a chemical in kudzu, intravenously (by IV) one week before and immediately prior to PTCA might reduce episodes of chest pain. Puerarin injection products are not available in North America.
- Coronary heart disease (CHD). Early research suggests that injecting 500 mL of puerarin, a chemical in kudzu, intravenously (by IV) once daily for 3 weeks might reduce "bad" low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, increase "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and reduce pre-meal insulin levels in people with coronary heart disease. Puerarin injection products are not available in North America.
- Diabetes. Early research suggests that taking puerarin, a chemical in kudzu, 750 mg daily by mouth along with the diabetes medication rosiglitazone (Avandia) reduces blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, injecting puerarin intravenously (by IV) does not appear to reduce blood sugar. Puerarin injection products are not available in North America.
- Kidney disease in people with diabetes (diabetic nephropathy). Early research suggests that taking puerarin, a chemical in kudzu, 750 mg daily by mouth along with the diabetes medication rosiglitazone (Avandia) improves kidney function in people with diabetic nephropathy.
- Problems with the retina of the eye in people with diabetes (diabetic retinopathy). Some research suggests that injecting puerarin, a chemical in kudzu, intravenously (by IV) does not improve vision in people with diabetic retinopathy. Puerarin injection products are not available in North America.
- Exercise performance. Early research suggests that taking a combination supplement containing kudzu isoflavones along with other ingredients might improve exercise performance in some people.
- Heart failure. Early research suggests that taking puerarin, a chemical in kudzu, 400 mg/day by mouth for 10 days might improve heart function in people with heart failure.
- High blood pressure. Early research shows that taking kudzu powder might decrease blood pressure in people with slightly high blood pressure.
- Stroke. Some early research suggests that taking puerarin, a chemical in kudzu, alone or with aspirin, might improve brain function in some people after stroke. However, other research shows that injecting puerarin intravenously (by IV) does not reduce death or dependency after a stroke.
- Low back pain. Early research suggests that injections of puerarin, a chemical in kudzu, might reduce pain in some people with low back pain. Puerarin injection products are not available in North America.
- Symptoms of menopause. Most early research shows that taking kudzu can reduce hot flashes in women during menopause. It might work about as well as hormone replacement therapy. But kudzu doesn't seem to improve hormone levels and might worsen levels of blood fats called triglycerides.
- Heart attack (myocardial infarction). Early research suggests that injecting puerarin, a chemical in kudzu, intravenously (by IV) along with usual treatment might help some people after a heart attack. Puerarin injection products are not available in North America.
- Health problems after menopause. Some research shows that taking kudzu might improve thinking skills and vaginal dryness in women after menopause. It might also improve markers of bone turnover. These markers are typically high in women after menopause. But it's unclear if reducing high bone turnover reduces the risk of osteoporosis. Other research shows that applying a kudzu gel directly to the vagina can work as well as estrogen cream in improving some symptoms of vaginal discomfort.
- Weight loss. Early research suggests that taking kudzu extract 300 mg by mouth for 12 weeks reduces body fat and body mass index (BMI) in people who are obese. However, taking kudzu extract 200 mg daily does not appear to have the same effects.
- Abnormal heart rate and rhythm.
- Muscle pain.
- Neck stiffness.
- Promoting sweating (diaphoretic).
- Stomach inflammation (gastritis).
- Symptoms of alcohol hangover (headache, upset stomach, dizziness and vomiting).
- Other conditions.
Side Effects & SafetyKudzu is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth appropriately for up to 4 months or when injected intravenously (by IV) for up to 20 days.
When kudzu is taken by mouth, side effects might include skin itchiness, stomach upset, and dizziness. There is also a case report of allergic reaction following use of a combination herbal product containing kudzu (Kakkonto). Other reports suggest that taking kudzu root by mouth might cause liver damage.
When given by IV, the kudzu ingredient, puerarin, has been associated with itching and nausea, as well as headache and fever. It has also caused red cells to break inside blood vessels.
Special Precautions & Warnings:Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking kudzu if you are pregnant or breast feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.
Bleeding or blood clotting disorders: Kudzu might slow blood clotting. It might make bleeding and blood clotting disorders worse, and it might also interfere with medications used as treatment.
Cardiovascular (heart and blood vessel) conditions: There is a concern that kudzu might interfere with cardiovascular treatments. Kudzu extracts seem to lower blood pressure and affect heart rhythm in animals.
Diabetes: Kudzu might affect blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. Watch for signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and monitor your blood sugar carefully if you have diabetes and use kudzu.
Hormone-sensitive condition such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids: Kudzu might act like estrogen. If you have any condition that might be made worse by exposure to estrogen, don't use kudzu.
Liver disease: There is some concern that taking kudzu might harm the liver. In theory, kudzu might make liver diseases, such as hepatitis, worse. People with liver disease or a history of liver disease should avoid kudzu.
Surgery: Kudzu might affect blood sugar levels and might interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery. Stop taking kudzu at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.
Be cautious with this combination
Birth control pills (Contraceptive drugs) interacts with KUDZU
Some birth control pills contain estrogen. Kudzu might have some of the same effects as estrogen. But kudzu isn't as strong as the estrogen in birth control pills. Taking kudzu along with birth control pills might decrease the effectiveness of birth control pills. If you take birth control pills along with kudzu, use an additional form of birth control such as a condom.<br/><br/> Some birth control pills include ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (Triphasil), ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone (Ortho-Novum 1/35, Ortho-Novum 7/7/7), and others.
Estrogens interacts with KUDZU
The body breaks down caffeine (contained in kudzu) to get rid of it. Estrogens can decrease how quickly the body breaks down caffeine. Decreasing the break-down of caffeine can cause jitteriness, headache, fast heartbeat, and other side effects. If you take estrogens, limit your caffeine intake.<br/><br/> Some estrogen pills include conjugated equine estrogens (Premarin), ethinyl estradiol, estradiol, and others.
Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs) interacts with KUDZU
Kudzu might slow blood clotting. Taking kudzu along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding.<br/><br/> Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others.
Methotrexate (MTX, Rheumatrex) interacts with KUDZU
Kudzu might decrease how fast the body gets rid of methotrexate (Rheumatrex). This might increase the risk of methotrexate side effects.
Tamoxifen (Nolvadex) interacts with KUDZU
Some types of cancer are affected by hormones in the body. Estrogen-sensitive cancers are cancers that are affected by estrogen levels in the body. Tamoxifen (Nolvadex) is used to help treat and prevent these types of cancer. Kudzu seems to also affect estrogen levels in the body. By affecting estrogen in the body, kudzu might decrease the effectiveness of tamoxifen (Nolvadex). Do not take kudzu if you are taking tamoxifen (Nolvadex).
Be watchful with this combination
Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) interacts with KUDZU
Kudzu might decrease blood sugar. Diabetes medications are also used to lower blood sugar. Taking kudzu along with diabetes medications might cause your blood sugar to go too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely. The dose of your diabetes medication might need to be changed.<br/><br/> Some medications used for diabetes include glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol), tolbutamide (Orinase), and others.
The following doses have been studied in scientific research:
- For alcoholism: 1.5-3 grams of kudzu root extract has been taken in 3 divided doses per day for 1-4 weeks. A single dose of 2 gram of kudzu extract has also been taken before a drinking episode.
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- Verma SK, Jain V, Singh DP. Effect of Pueraria tuberosa DC. (Indian Kudzu) on blood pressure, fibrinolysis and oxidative stress in patients with stage 1 hypertension. Pak J Biol Sci. 2012 Aug 1;15(15):742-7. View abstract.
- Wang B, Zhu YZ, Li XQ, et al. [Clinical analysis of 5 cases with acute intravascular hemolysis caused by puerarin]. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao 2004;36:45-6.. View abstract.
- Wang D, Qiu L, Wu X, Wei H, Xu F. Evaluation of kudzu root extract-induced hepatotoxicity. J Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Dec 24;176:321-6. View abstract.
- Wang LY, Zhao AP, Chai XS. [Effects of puerarin on cat vascular smooth muscle in vitro]. Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao 1994;15:180-2. View abstract.
- Wang Q, Wu T, Chen X, et al. Puerarin injection for unstable angina pectoris. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006;(3):CD004196. View abstract.
- Woo J, Lau E, Ho SC, et al. Comparison of Pueraria lobata with hormone replacement therapy in treating the adverse health consequences of menopause. Menopause 2003;10:352-61. View abstract.
- Xiao BX, Feng L, Cao FR, Pan RL, Liao YH, Liu XM, Chang Q. Pharmacokinetic profiles of the five isoflavonoids from Pueraria lobata roots in the CSF and plasma of rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016 May 26;184:22-9. View abstract.
- Xie CI, Lin RC, Antony V, et al. Daidzin, an antioxidant isoflavonoid, decreases blood alcohol levels and shortens sleep time induced by ethanol intoxication. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1994;18:1443-7. View abstract.
- Yan B, Wang DY, Xing DM, et al. The antidepressant effect of ethanol extract of radix puerariae in mice exposed to cerebral ischemia reperfusion. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2004;78:319-25. View abstract.
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- Lin, R. C., Guthrie, S., Xie, C. Y., Mai, K., Lee, D. Y., Lumeng, L., and Li, T. K. Isoflavonoid compounds extracted from Pueraria lobata suppress alcohol preference in a pharmacogenetic rat model of alcoholism. Alcohol Clin Exp.Res. 1996;20(4):659-663. View abstract.
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- Liu, Q., Lu, Z., and Wang, L. Restrictive effect of puerarin on myocardial infarct area in dogs and its possible mechanism. J Tongji Med Univ 2000;20(1):43-45. View abstract.
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- Manonai, J., Chittacharoen, A., Theppisai, U., and Theppisai, H. Effect of Pueraria mirifica on vaginal health. Menopause. 2007;14(5):919-924. View abstract.
- Manonai, J., Chittacharoen, A., Udomsubpayakul, U., Theppisai, H., and Theppisai, U. Effects and safety of Pueraria mirifica on lipid profiles and biochemical markers of bone turnover rates in healthy postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2008;15(3):530-535. View abstract.
- McGregor, N. R. Pueraria lobata (Kudzu root) hangover remedies and acetaldehyde-associated neoplasm risk. Alcohol 2007;41(7):469-478. View abstract.
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- Okamura, S., Sawada, Y., Satoh, T., Sakamoto, H., Saito, Y., Sumino, H., Takizawa, T., Kogure, T., Chaichantipyuth, C., Higuchi, Y., Ishikawa, T., and Sakamaki, T. Pueraria mirifica phytoestrogens improve dyslipidemia in postmenopausal women probably by activating estrogen receptor subtypes. Tohoku J Exp.Med 2008;216(4):341-351. View abstract.
- Overstreet DH, Lee D Y-W, Chen YT, and et al. The Chinese herbal medicine NPI-028 suppresses alcohol intake in alcohol-preferring rats and monkeys without inducing taste aversion. Perfusion 1998;11:381-390.
- Penetar, D. M., Teter, C. J., Ma, Z., Tracy, M., Lee, D. Y., and Lukas, S. E. Pharmacokinetic profile of the isoflavone puerarin after acute and repeated administration of a novel kudzu extract to human volunteers. J Altern Complement Med 2006;12(6):543-548. View abstract.
- Penetar, D. M., Toto, L. H., Farmer, S. L., Lee, D. Y., Ma, Z., Liu, Y., and Lukas, S. E. The isoflavone puerarin reduces alcohol intake in heavy drinkers: a pilot study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 11-1-2012;126(1-2):251-256. View abstract.
- Prasain, J. K., Jones, K., Brissie, N., Moore, R., Wyss, J. M., and Barnes, S. Identification of puerarin and its metabolites in rats by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J Agric.Food Chem. 6-16-2004;52(12):3708-3712. View abstract.
- Qi, B. L. and Qi, B. M. [Effect of the purariae-isofiavones on estrogen level in normal and ovariectomized rats]. Zhongguo Zhong.Yao Za Zhi. 2002;27(11):850-852. View abstract.
- Ren, P., Hu, H., and Zhang, R. [Observation on efficacy of puerarin in treating diabetic retinopathy]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi. 2000;20(8):574-576. View abstract.
- Shi, W. G., Qu, L., and Wang, J. W. [Study on interventing effect of puerarin on insulin resistance in patients with coronary heart disease]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi. 2002;22(1):21-24. View abstract.
- Tang YC, Qi JS. Effect observation of 30 cases of Pulelin for unstable angina pectoris. Journal of Medical Theory and Practice 1996;9(1):26-27.
- Tomczyk, M., Zovko-Koncic, M., and Chrostek, L. Phytotherapy of alcoholism. Nat.Prod.Commun. 2012;7(2):273-280. View abstract.
- Virojchaiwong, P., Suvithayasiri, V., and Itharat, A. Comparison of Pueraria mirifica 25 and 50 mg for menopausal symptoms. Arch.Gynecol.Obstet. 2011;284(2):411-419. View abstract.
- Wang DB, Long MZ Niu H. Clinical observation on puerarin in treating patients with unstable angina pectoris. Modern Journal of Integrated Chinese Traditional and Western Medicine 2001;10(17):1616-1617.
- Wang Q, Hao LF. Effect of puerarin injection on plasmic endothelin and renin-angiotensin II in patients with unstable angina. Journal of Emergency Syndromes in Chinese Medicine 2000;4:151.
- Wang Y, Li SG Wang X. Observation of the effects of 42 cases of "pulelin" injection for unstable angina pectoris. The Medical Journal of Industrial Enterprise 1997;10(1):40-41.
- Wang, C. Y., Huang, H. Y., Kuo, K. L., and Hsieh, Y. Z. Analysis of Puerariae radix and its medicinal preparations by capillary electrophoresis. J Chromatogr.A 4-3-1998;802(1):225-231. View abstract.
- Wang, C., Zhao, X., Mao, S., Wang, Y., Cui, X., and Pu, Y. Management of SAH with traditional Chinese medicine in China. Neurol.Res 2006;28(4):436-444. View abstract.
- Wang, Q. and Xu, X. [Progresses in research of hemolysis induced by puerarin injection]. Zhongguo Zhong.Yao Za Zhi 2011;36(10):1402-1405. View abstract.
- Wong, K. H., Li, G. Q., Li, K. M., Razmovski-Naumovski, V., and Chan, K. Kudzu root: traditional uses and potential medicinal benefits in diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. J Ethnopharmacol. 4-12-2011;134(3):584-607. View abstract.
- Wu, B., Liu, M., Liu, H., Li, W., Tan, S., Zhang, S., and Fang, Y. Meta-analysis of traditional Chinese patent medicine for ischemic stroke. Stroke 2007;38(6):1973-1979. View abstract.
- Wu, T. Q., Gu, N., and Wang, F. F. [Effect of ningxintong granule in treating patients of coronary heart disease with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and qi-deficiency blood-stasis syndrome]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi Jie.He.Za Zhi 2010;30(4):357-360. View abstract.
- Wu, X. P., Feng, J. G., Chen, H. M., Cheng, F., Zhang, L., Wei, Z., and Chen, W. [Protective effects of puerarin against myocardial injury in patients with hypertension during perioperational period]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi Jie.He.Za Zhi 2006;26(3):255-257. View abstract.
- Xiao, L. Z., Gao, L. J., and Ma, S. C. [Comparative study on effects of puerarin and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in treating acute myocardial infarction]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi. 2005;25(3):210-213. View abstract.
- Xiao, L. Z., Huang, Z., Ma, S. C., Zen, Z., Luo, B., Lin, X., and Xu, X. [Study on the effect and mechanism of puerarin on the size of infarction in patients with acute myocardial infarction]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi. 2004;24(9):790-792. View abstract.
- Xie, R. Q., Du, J., and Hao, Y. M. [Myocardial protection and mechanism of Puerarin Injection on patients of coronary heart disease with ischemia/reperfusion]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi. 2003;23(12):895-897. View abstract.
- Xie, W. and Du, L. Diabetes is an inflammatory disease: evidence from traditional Chinese medicines. Diabetes Obes.Metab 2011;13(4):289-301. View abstract.
- Xu, X. H. and Zhao, T. Q. Effects of puerarin on D-galactose-induced memory deficits in mice. Acta Pharmacol.Sin. 2002;23(7):587-590. View abstract.
- Xue, X. O., Jin, H., Niu, J. Z., and Wang, J. F. [Effects of extracts of root of kudzu vine on mammary gland and uterus development in rats]. Zhongguo Zhong.Yao Za Zhi. 2003;28(6):560-562. View abstract.
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- Zhang SR, Liu GT Fang JP Hao YM Yan SC Dong L. Effect of puerarin on the endothelin and function of left ventricle in patients with unstable angina pectoris. Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine 2000;7(5):47-49.
- Zhang, G. and Fang, S. [Antioxidation of Pueraria lobata isoflavones (PLIs)]. Zhong.Yao Cai. 1997;20(7):358-360. View abstract.
- Zheng, G., Zhang, X., Zheng, J., Meng, Q., and Zheng, D. [Estrogen-like effects of puerarin and total isoflavones from Pueraria lobata]. Zhong.Yao Cai. 2002;25(8):566-568. View abstract.
- Zhou Y. A summary on 50 cases of unstable angina pectoris treated with combined therapy of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine. Hunan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine 2003;19(2):4-5.
- Zhu J, Cheng DH Yang Q Li WS. Clinical observation of puerarin in the treatment of old patients with unstable angina pectoris. Liaoning Drugs and Clinic 2001;4(1):17-18.
- Zhu WM, Wu SY. Clinical therapeutic effects of nadroparin calcium combined with isosorbide dinitrate or puerarin on unstable angina pectoris. Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacy 2002;11(4):196-199.
- Zhu, X. Y., Su, G. Y., Li, Z. H., Yue, T. L., Yan, X. Z., and Wei, H. L. [The metabolic fate of the effective components of puerariae. III. The metabolism of puerarin (author's transl)]. Yao Xue.Xue.Bao. 1979;14(6):349-355. View abstract.
- Zhuang, Z. and Jiang, G. Thirty cases of the blood-stasis type prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc treated by acupuncture at the xi (cleft) point plus herbal intervention injection. J Tradit.Chin Med 2008;28(3):178-182. View abstract.
- Akita H, Sowa J, Makiura M, et al. Maculopapular drug eruption due to the Japanese herbal medicine Kakkonto (kudzu or arrowroot decoction). Contact Dermatitis 2003;48:348-9.
- Awang DV. Parthenocide: demise of a facile theory of feverfew activity. J Herbs Spices Med Plants 1998;5:95-8.
- Benlhabib E, Baker JI, Keyler DE, Singh AK. Kudzu root extract suppresses voluntary alcohol intake and alcohol withdrawal symptoms in P rats receiving free access to water and alcohol. J Med Food 2004;7:168-79. View abstract.
- Carai MA, Agabio R, Bombardelli E, et al. Potential use of medicinal plants in the treatment of alcoholism. Fitoterapia 2000;71:S38-42. View abstract.
- Chen X. [The clinical observation of puerarin injection on unstable angina pectoris]. Zhong Yao Cai 2004;27:77-8. . View abstract.
- Chiang HM, Fang SH, Wen KC, et al. Life-threatening interaction between the root extract of Pueraria lobata and methotrexate in rats. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2005;209:263-8. View abstract.
- Chueh FS, Chang CP, Chio CC, Lin MT. Puerarin acts through brain serotonergic mechanisms to induce thermal effects. J Pharmacol Sci 2004;96:420-7. View abstract.
- Guerra MC, Speroni E, Broccoli M, et al. Comparison between chinese medical herb Pueraria lobata crude extract and its main isoflavone puerarin antioxidant properties and effects on rat liver CYP-catalysed drug metabolism. Life Sci 2000;67:2997-3006. View abstract.
- Heyman GM, Keung WM, Vallee BL. Daidzin decreases ethanol consumption in rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1996;20:1083-7. View abstract.
- Hsu FL, Liu IM, Kuo DH, et al. Antihyperglycemic effect of puerarin in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. J Nat Prod 2003;66:788-92. View abstract.
- Jaroenporn S, Urasopon N, Watanabe G, Malaivijitnond S. Improvements of vaginal atrophy without systemic side effects after topical application of Pueraria mirifica, a phytoestrogen-rich herb, in postmenopausal cynomolgus macaques. J Reprod Dev. 2014;60(3):238-45. View abstract.
- Kim HJ, Kim H, Ahn JH, Suk JH. Liver injury induced by herbal extracts containing mistletoe and kudzu. J Altern Complement Med 2015;21(3):180-5. View abstract.
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- Deng MY. Clinical observation of 48 cases of puerarin for unstable angina pectoris. Hainan Medical Journal 2003;14(1):14-15.
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- Jiang, R. W., Lau, K. M., Lam, H. M., Yam, W. S., Leung, L. K., Choi, K. L., Waye, M. M., Mak, T. C., Woo, K. S., and Fung, K. P. A comparative study on aqueous root extracts of Pueraria thomsonii and Pueraria lobata by antioxidant assay and HPLC fingerprint analysis. J Ethnopharmacol. 1-4-2005;96(1-2):133-138. View abstract.
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