ALDER BUCKTHORN

OTHER NAME(S):

Alder Dogwood, Arraclán, Arrow Wood, Aulne Noir, Black Dogwood, Bois Noir, Bois à Poudre, Bourdaine, Bourg&egrave;ne, Buckthorn, Buckthorn Bark, Coudrier Noir, Dog Wood, Frángula, Frangula, Frangula Alnus, Frangula Bark, Frangulae Cortex, Frangule, Glossy Buckthorn, Nerprun Bourdaine, Nerprun Noir, Rhamnus Frangula, Rhubarbe des Paysans.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Alder buckthorn is a plant. The aged or heated bark of the plant is used to make medicine. Don’t confuse alder buckthorn with European buckthorn.

Alder buckthorn is used as a laxative, as a tonic, and as an ingredient in the Hoxsey cancer formula.

How does it work?

Alder buckthorn bark contains chemicals that work as a laxative by stimulating the intestines.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Effective for

  • Constipation. Alder buckthorn is known to contain certain chemicals that work as laxatives. Alder buckthorn seems to work about as well as cascara for relieving constipation.

Insufficient Evidence for

More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of alder buckthorn for this use.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Alder buckthorn is POSSIBLY SAFE for most adults when taken by mouth for less than 8-10 days. Taking alder buckthorn by mouth for more than 8-10 days is POSSIBLY UNSAFE. It might cause low potassium; heart problems; stomach problems; muscle weakness; and blood problems, including blood in the urine. Some people get uncomfortable cramps from alder buckthorn. If you experience diarrhea or watery stools while using alder buckthorn, stop taking it.

The fresh bark can cause severe vomiting. Make sure you are using a bark product that is at least one year old or has been heat processed.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: It is LIKELY UNSAFE to take alder buckthorn by mouth during pregnancy or breast-feeding. Avoid using it.

Children: Alder buckthorn is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth by children younger than 12 years of age.

Diarrhea: Don’t use alder buckthorn if you have diarrhea. Its laxative effects may worsen this condition.

Intestinal disorders, including intestinal blockage, appendicitis, Crohn's disease, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), or ulcerative colitis: Don’t take alder buckthorn if you have a bowel obstruction; appendicitis; unexplained stomach pain; or inflammatory conditions of the intestines including Crohn's disease, colitis, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Interactions

Interactions?

Major Interaction

Do not take this combination

!
  • Medications for inflammation (Corticosteroids) interacts with ALDER BUCKTHORN

    Some medications for inflammation can decrease potassium in the body. Alder buckthorn is a type of laxative that might also decrease potassium in the body. Taking alder buckthorn along with some medications for inflammation might decrease potassium in the body too much.<br /> Some medications for inflammation include dexamethasone (Decadron), hydrocortisone (Cortef), methylprednisolone (Medrol), prednisone (Deltasone), and others.

Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination

!
  • Digoxin (Lanoxin) interacts with ALDER BUCKTHORN

    Alder buckthorn is a type of laxative called a stimulant laxative. Stimulant laxatives can decrease potassium levels in the body. Low potassium levels can increase the risk of side effects of digoxin (Lanoxin).

  • Medications taken by mouth (Oral drugs) interacts with ALDER BUCKTHORN

    Alder buckthorn is a laxative. Laxatives can decrease how much medicine your body absorbs. Decreasing how much medicine your body absorbs can decrease the effectiveness of your medication.

  • Stimulant laxatives interacts with ALDER BUCKTHORN

    Alder buckthorn is a type of laxative called a stimulant laxative. Stimulant laxatives speed up the bowels. Taking alder buckthorn along with other stimulant laxatives could speed up the bowels too much and cause dehydration and low minerals in the body.<br /> Some stimulant laxatives include bisacodyl (Correctol, Dulcolax), cascara, castor oil (Purge), senna (Senokot) and others.

  • Warfarin (Coumadin) interacts with ALDER BUCKTHORN

    Alder buckthorn can work as a laxative. In some people alder buckthorn can cause diarrhea. Diarrhea can increase the effects of warfarin and increase the risk of bleeding. If you take warfarin do not to take excessive amounts of alder buckthorn.

  • Water pills (Diuretic drugs) interacts with ALDER BUCKTHORN

    Alder buckthorn is a laxative. Some laxatives can decrease potassium in the body. "Water pills" can also decrease potassium in the body. Taking alder buckthorn along with "water pills" might decrease potassium in the body too much.<br /> Some "water pills" that can decrease potassium include chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Thalitone), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, HydroDiuril, Microzide), and others.

Dosing

Dosing

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

BY MOUTH:

  • For constipation: the typical dose of alder buckthorn is 0.5-2.5 grams of the dried bark. Take only the amount of bark needed to produce a soft stool. Alder buckthorn is also taken as a tea. The tea is prepared by steeping 2 grams of the herb in 150 mL of boiling water for 5-10 minutes and then straining. Alder buckthorn is also available as a liquid extract. The common dose of the liquid extract: (1:1 in 25% alcohol) is 2-5 mL three times daily. This preparation should be used only if diet change and bulk-forming laxatives don't work. Don't use the extract for more than seven to ten days.

View References

REFERENCES:

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  • Ammar, R. B., Kilani, S., Bouhlel, I., Ezzi, L., Skandrani, I., Boubaker, J., Sghaier, M. B., Naffeti, A., Mahmoud, A., Chekir-Ghedira, L., and Ghedira, K. Antiproliferative, antioxidant, and antimutagenic activities of flavonoid-enriched extracts from (Tunisian) Rhamnus alaternus L.: combination with the phytochemical composition. Drug Chem Toxicol 2008;31(1):61-80. View abstract.
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More Resources for ALDER BUCKTHORN

CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

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