PANAX NOTOGINSENG

OTHER NAME(S):

Aralia quinquefolia var. notoginseng, Chai-Jen-Shen, Field Seven, Noto-Gin, Notoginseng, Panax notoginseng, Panax Notoginseng Radix, Panax pseudoginseng var. notoginseng Radix Notoginseng, Samch'il, Sanchitongtshu, San Qi, San Qui, San-Qi Ginseng, Sanchi, Sanchi Ginseng, Sanchitongtshu, Sanqi, Sanqi Powder, Sanshichi, Three Seven, Tian Qi, Tian San Qi, Tienchi, Tienchi Ginseng.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Panax notoginseng is a plant. The leaves, fruit, and flowers are used to make medicine. However, the root is used the most commonly. Be careful not to confuse Panax notoginseng with other forms of ginseng, such as Panax ginseng, Panax pseudoginseng, or American ginseng.

Panax notoginseng is used to stop or slow down bleeding. It is sometimes taken by people who have nosebleeds, vomit up or cough up blood, or find blood in their urine or feces.

Panax notoginseng is also used to relieve pain; and to reduce swelling and blood pressure. It is also used for chest pain (angina), strokes and bleeding in the brain, buildup of fat in the blood vessels, heart attacks, and some kinds of liver disease. It is also used to improve energy and ability to exercise, to reduce muscle soreness following exercise, and for osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Some people apply Panax notoginseng directly to the skin to stop bleeding, help with bruising or swelling, and to improve blood movement in the muscles.

How does it work?

Panax notoginseng might relax blood vessels. This would improve blood flow and reduce blood pressure. Some of the chemicals in Panax notoginseng might reduce swelling and protect the heart. There isn't enough information to know how Panax notoginseng might work for other conditions.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Effective for

  • Chest pain (angina). Research shows that Panax notoginseng, taken by mouth or given as an injection, seems to reduce symptoms of chest pain when used along with conventional medications. It might also reduce how often chest pain attacks occur and how long the attacks last when they do occur. These products are given by a doctor in countries like China.
  • Bleeding within the skull (intracranial hemorrhage). Research shows that Panax notoginseng injections might improve recovery and reduce the risk of death in people that have had bleeding in the brain, usually because of a stroke. These products are given by a doctor in countries like China.
  • Stroke. Research shows that giving Panax notoginseng injections might increase the chance of a person improving or recovering after a stroke. These products are given by a doctor in countries like China.

Possibly Ineffective for

  • Heart attack. Panax notoginseng does not seem to prevent heart attacks in people with heart disease when used along with conventional therapy.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Athletic performance. Early research shows that taking Panax notoginseng for 30 days might help non-athletes exercise for longer.
  • Muscle soreness caused by exercise. Taking Panax notoginseng might reduce muscle soreness a few days after a downhill run. But the improvement is small.
  • Osteoarthritis. Some research shows that taking a combination of Panax notoginseng, Siberian ginseng, and rehmannia daily might help patients with osteoarthritis move better. However, it does not seem to help reduce pain or stiffness.
  • Bleeding.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Improving blood flow.
  • Liver disease.
  • Pain.
  • Swelling.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of Panax notoginseng for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: Panax notoginseng is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth. It can cause some side effects such as dry mouth, flushed skin, rash, nervousness, sleep problems, headache, nausea, and vomiting.

When given by IV or as a shot: Panax notoginseng is POSSIBLY SAFE when given with a needle by a physician. It can cause some side effects such as rash, nervousness, headache, nausea, and vomiting.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Don't take Panax notoginseng if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. It is LIKELY UNSAFE. One of the chemicals in Panax notoginseng has caused birth defects in animals.

Hormone-sensitive conditions such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids: Panax notoginseng might act like estrogen. If you have any condition that might be made worse by exposure to estrogen, don't use Panax notoginseng.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for PANAX NOTOGINSENG Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

ADULTS

BY MOUTH:

  • For chest pain (angina): 200-400 mg of Panax notoginseng extract has been taken 2-3 times daily for 4-6 weeks. Also, 1 gram of Panax notoginseng powder has been taken 3 times daily.
  • For stroke: A specific extract of Panax notoginseng root (sanchitongtshu) has been taken three times daily for 28 days.
WITH A NEEDLE:
  • For chest pain (angina): 400-500 mg of Panax notoginseng extract has been injected into the vein or given as a shot daily for 2-4 weeks.
  • For bleeding within the skull (intracranial hemorrhage): 140-800 mg of Panax notoginseng extract has been injected into the vein daily, usually for 2-4 weeks.
  • For stroke: Injections containing 200-600 mg of Panax notoginseng have been given daily for 2-4 weeks.

View References

REFERENCES:

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