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    Reviewed by Neha Pathak, MD on February 21, 2018

    Sources:

    UpToDate: "Candida vulvovaginitis: Clinical manifestations and diagnosis," "Clinical findings in women with vaginitis (Graphic 68759)," "Patient education: Vaginal dryness (Beyond the Basics)," "Overview of Candida infections," "Balanitis in adults," "Patient education: Vaginal yeast infection (Beyond the Basics)."

    Mayo Clinic: "Yeast infection (vaginal)," "Male yeast infection: How can I tell if I have one?" "Genital warts," "Urinary tract infection (UTI)," "Prednisone and other corticosteroids."

    STD-GOV: "Yeast Infection In Men (Balanitis)."

    WomensHealth: "Vaginal yeast infections," "Bacterial vaginosis."

    NHS Choices: "Antifungal medicines," "How to keep a penis clean."

    CDC: "Vulvovaginal Candidiasis," "Gonorrhea - CDC Fact Sheet," "Chlamydia - CDC Fact Sheet," "Who Gets Fungal Infections?" "Medications that Weaken Your Immune System and Fungal Infections," "People Living With HIV/AIDS," "Cancer Patients and Fungal Infections."

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    American Family Physician: "Treatment of Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis," "Diagnosis and Treatment of Atrophic Vaginitis."

    Global Journal of Health Science: "The Comparison of Vaginal Cream of Mixing Yogurt, Honey and Clotrimazole on Symptoms of Vaginal Candidiasis."

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    Journal of Medical Mycology: "Anticandidal, antibacterial, cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of Calendula arvensis flowers."

    Medscape: "Balanitis Clinical Presentation."

    Cleveland Clinic: "Trichomoniasis," "Diabetes: Foot & Skin Related Complications."

    FamilyDoctor: "Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)," "Urinary Tract Infections," "Lichen Planus."

    Institute of Medicine Committee on Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. The Hidden Epidemic: Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases, National Academies Press, 1997.

    Harvard Health Publishing: "Managing common vulvar skin conditions," "Atrophic vaginitis can cause itching, burning, and sexual discomfort but treatments are available."

    DermNet NZ: "Lichen sclerosus."

    Office of Women's Health: "Q+A: Vaginal yeast infection."

    Contraception: "Can intrauterine contraceptive devices be a Candida albicans reservoir?"

    American Diabetes Association: "Women and Diabetes: Frequently Asked Questions."

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    National Resource Center On Lupus: "Protecting yourself from infections."

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    BMJ: "Effect of lactobacillus in preventing post-antibiotic vulvovaginal candidiasis: a randomised controlled trial."

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