Skip to content

    Health & Pregnancy

    Font Size

    Obesity in Pregnancy May Raise Infant Death Risk

    Study Shows Increased Risk of Baby Dying if Mom Is Obese in Early Pregnancy
    WebMD Health News
    Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD

    April 7, 2011 -- Babies born to obese moms appear to have an increased risk of dying before birth, at delivery, and during their first year of life, according to a new study.

    Maternal obesity during early pregnancy was found to double a baby’s risk for death before delivery and up to one year after birth in a new study from Newcastle University in the U.K.

    Nearly half of childbearing-age women in the U.S. are overweight or obese, and maternal obesity is known to increase the risk for gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, surgical delivery, and other complications of pregnancy.

    But the impact of a mother’s weight during pregnancy on fetal and infant mortality has not been well understood.

    “Obesity is a very common problem in our society and we really need to focus prevention measures on girls and adolescents so that we don’t have so many young women entering pregnancy with this issue,” study researcher Ruth Bell, MD, tells WebMD.

    Obesity and Infant Death Risk

    Bell and colleagues analyzed data from a survey of close to 41,000 women in the north of England who delivered babies between 2003 and 2005. They compared the mothers’ body mass index (BMI), as calculated from self-reported weight and height, to hospital records of fetal and infant deaths.

    After taking into account the impact of other risk factors for death, such as maternal smoking and age and the birth weight of the babies, maternal obesity (BMI of 30 or more) early in pregnancy was associated with a 1.6% risk for having a baby die in the womb or in infancy, compared to a 0.9% risk among women of normal weight.

    The researchers concluded that 16 deaths could be expected for every 1,000 babies born to obese women -- eight more than would be expected among normal-weight women during early pregnancy.

    One reason for the excess deaths, although not the only one, was the high prevalence of preeclampsia in the obese pregnant women. Preeclampsia is associated with dangerously high blood pressure and protein in the urine.

    Pregnancy Week-By-Week Newsletter

    Delivered right to your inbox, get pictures and facts on
    what to expect each week of your pregnancy.

    Today on WebMD

    hand circling date on calendar
    Track your most fertile days.
    woman looking at ultrasound
    Week-by-week pregnancy guide.
    Pretty pregnant woman timing contaction pains
    The signs to watch out for.
    pregnant woman in hospital
    Are there ways to do it naturally?
    slideshow fetal development
    pregnancy first trimester warning signs
    What Causes Bipolar
    Woman trying on dress in store
    pregnant woman
    Woman looking at pregnancy test
    calendar and baby buggy
    dark chocolate squares