found in its early stages can be successfully treated.
The choice of treatment and the
long-term outcome (prognosis) of
cervical cancer depend on the type and
stage of cancer. Your age, overall health, quality of
life, and desire to be able to have children must also be considered.
Types of treatment
Treatment choices for cervical cancer may be a single
therapy or a combination of therapies, such as:
Squamous cell (epidermoid) carcinoma comprises approximately 90%, and adenocarcinoma comprises approximately 10% of cervical cancers. Adenosquamous and small cell carcinomas are relatively rare. Primary sarcomas of the cervix have been described occasionally, and malignant lymphomas of the cervix, primary and secondary, have also been reported.
Surgery to remove the cancer. The type of surgery needed depends on the
location and extent of cervical cancer and whether you want to have
children. To learn more, see Surgery.
Chemotherapy, which uses medicines to kills cancer cells. It is usually used as the main treatment or after a hysterectomy. It may also be used along with radiation therapy. To learn more, see Medications.
Radiation therapy, which uses high-dose X-rays or implants in the vaginal cavity to kill cancer cells. It is used for certain stages of cervical cancer. It is often is used in combination with surgery.
To learn more, see Other Treatment.
more information about specific cervical cancer treatments, see the
Home treatment may help relieve some common side effects of cancer treatment. For more information, see Home Treatment.
Coping with emotions during treatment
When you first find out that you have cancer, you may feel scared or angry. Or you may feel very calm. It's normal to have a wide range of feelings and for those feelings to change quickly. Some people find that it helps to talk about their feelings with family and friends.
If your emotional reactions to cancer get in the way of your ability to make decisions about your health, it's important to talk with your doctor. Your cancer treatment center may offer psychological or financial services. And a local chapter of the American Cancer Society can help you find a support group.
Your feelings about your body and your sexuality may
change following treatment for cancer. Managing body image issues may involve talking openly with your
partner about your feelings and discussing your concerns with your doctor. Your
doctor may be able to refer you to organizations that can offer additional
support and information.