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Best and Worst Foods for Diabetes

Dairy and Diabetes

This group includes milk and foods made from milk, such as yogurt and sour cream. Milk has a lot of protein and minerals, including calcium.

Best Choices:

  • 1% or skim milk
  • Low-fat yogurt
  • Low-fat cottage cheese
  • Nonfat sour cream
  • Frozen low-fat, low-carb yogurt
  • Nonfat half-and-half

Worst Choices:

  • Whole milk
  • Regular yogurt
  • Regular cottage cheese
  • Regular sour cream
  • Regular ice cream
  • Regular half-and-half

Diabetes and Fats, Oils, and Sweets

Eating too much of these kinds of foods can lead to weight gain, making it harder to keep diabetes under control.

Best Choices:

  • Baked snacks, such as baked potato chips, baked corn chips, puffed rice, or corn snacks
  • Vegetable oils, non-hydrogenated butter spreads, margarine
  • Reduced-fat mayonnaise
  • Light salad dressings
  • Air-popped or calorie-controlled popcorn

Worst Choices:

  • Snacks fried in fat, such as potato chips, corn chips, pork rinds
  • Lard, hydrogenated vegetable shortening, butter
  • Regular mayonnaise
  • Regular salad dressings
  • Butter-flavored stove-top popcorn

Beverages and Diabetes

Some drinks have lots of carbs but very little nutrition. Others may be a better choice, most of the time.

Best Choices:

  • Water, unflavored or flavored sparkling water
  • Light beer, small amounts of wine or non-fruity mixed drinks
  • Unsweetened tea (add a slice of lemon)
  • Coffee, black or with added low-fat milk and sugar substitute
  • Home-brewed coffee and hot chocolate
  • Sport drinks

Worst Choices:

  • Regular sodas
  • Regular beer, fruity mixed drinks, dessert wines
  • Sweetened tea
  • Coffee with sugar and cream
  • Flavored coffees and chocolate drinks
  • Energy drinks
1 | 2

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by John A. Seibel, MD on July 18, 2012

Is This Normal? Get the Facts Fast!

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Answer:
Low
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Normal
70-130
High
131+

Your level is currently

If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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