Diabetic retinopathy begins as a mild disease. During the early stage of the
disease, the small blood vessels in the
retina become weaker and develop small bulges called
microaneurysms. These microaneurysms are the earliest signs of retinopathy and
may appear a few years after the onset of diabetes. They may also burst and
cause tiny blood spots (hemorrhages) on the retina. But they do not usually
cause symptoms or affect vision. This is called nonproliferative retinopathy. At this stage, treatment is not required.
As retinopathy progresses, fluid
and protein leak from the damaged blood vessels and cause the retina to swell.
This may cause mild to severe vision loss, depending on which parts of the
retina are affected. If the center of the retina (macula) is affected, vision loss can be severe.
Swelling and distortion of the macula (macular edema), which results from a
buildup of fluid, is the most common complication of retinopathy. Macular edema treatment usually works to stop and sometimes reverse your loss of vision.
It is possible that the main title of the report Hypoglycemia is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
In some people, retinopathy gets worse over the course of several years and progresses to proliferative retinopathy.
In these cases, reduced blood flow to the retina stimulates the growth
(proliferation) of fragile new blood vessels on the surface of the retina. As the new blood vessels
multiply, one or more complications may develop and damage the person's vision.
These complications can include:
The formation of scar tissue that pulls on the
retina, which may lead to
Bleeding inside the
eye (preretinal or vitreous hemorrhage).
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If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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