This information is for people who may help you if you are
too weak or confused to treat your own low blood sugar from
diabetes or some other health condition that can cause low blood sugar. Make a copy for your partner, coworkers, and
friends. If your child has diabetes, you need to provide a copy for teachers,
coaches, and other school staff.
If the person has type 2 diabetes and is taking medicine that can continue to cause low blood sugar, stay with the person for a few hours after his
or her blood sugar level has returned to the target range.
Make sure the person can swallow.
Lift the person's head so that it will be
easier for the person to swallow.
Give the person ½ teaspoon of
water to swallow.
If the person can swallow the water without choking or coughing:
Give him or her 4 fl oz (118 mL) to 6 fl oz (177 mL) of liquid (juice or soda pop) from the
Wait 10 to 15 minutes.
If a home blood sugar meter is available, check the person's
blood sugar level.
Offer the person more
quick-sugar food if he or she is feeling better but still has some symptoms of
low blood sugar.
Wait 10 to 15 minutes. If possible, check the blood sugar level again.
When the person's blood sugar returns to normal, offer the person
a snack (such as cheese and crackers or half of a sandwich).
If the person becomes more sleepy or
lethargic, call 911or other emergency services.
Stay with the person until his or
her blood sugar level is 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or higher or
until emergency help comes.
If the person chokes or coughs on the water:
Do not try to give the person foods or liquids, because they
could be inhaled.
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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