Glucosinolates are found in cruciferous vegetables, including:
- Brussels sprouts
They give these vegetables their sharp odor and flavor. The glucosinolates turn into other chemicals during the cooking process and while you digest these foods. These chemicals may help hold in check the development and growth of cancer.
Phytoestrogens can behave in the body like the hormone estrogen. They can also block the effects of your natural supply of estrogen.
Soy foods contain isoflavones -- a type of phytoestrogen. Some evidence suggests that soy foods may be linked to:
- Lower risk of endometrial cancer
- Lower risk of bone loss in women
Your body converts lignans, another type of phytonutrient, into chemicals with some estrogen-like effects. Two especially good sources of lignans are:
However, research supporting a role for lignans in preventing endometrial cancer or osteoporosis is limited.