You Can Prevent Cryptosporidiosis
How Can I Protect Myself from Crypto? continued...
touching the stool of pets. Most pets are safe to own. However,someone who
is not HIV infected should clean their litter boxes or cages, and dispose of
the waste. If you must clean up after a pet, use disposable gloves. Wash your
hands afterwards. The risk of getting crypto is greatest from pets that are
less than 6 months old, animals that have diarrhea, and stray animals. Older
animals can also have crypto, but they are less likely to have it than younger
animals. If you get a puppy or kitten that is less than 6 months old, have the
animal tested for crypto before bringing it home. If any pet gets diarrhea have
it tested for crypto.
. Be careful
when swimming in lakes, rivers, or pools, and when using hot tubs. When
swimming in lakes, rivers, or pools, and when using hot tubs, avoid swallowing
water. Several outbreaks of crypto have been traced to swallowing contaminated
water while swimming. Crypto is not killed by the amount of chlorine normally
used in swimming pools and water parks. Crypto also can remain alive in fresh
and salt water for several days, so swimming in polluted lake or ocean water
may also be unsafe.
6. Wash and/or cook your food.
Fresh vegetables and fruits may be contaminated with crypto.
Therefore, wash well all vegetables or fruit you will eat uncooked. If you take
extra steps to make your water safe (see below for ways to do so), use this
safe water to wash your fruits and vegetables. When you can, peel fruit that
you will eat raw, after washing it. Do not eat or drink unpasteurized milk or
dairy products. Cooking kills crypto. Therefore, cooked food and processed or
packaged foods are probably safe if, after cooking or processing, they are not
handled by someone infected with crypto.
7. Drink safe water.
Do not drink water directly from lakes, rivers, streams, or springs.
Because you cannot be sure if your tap water contains crypto, you may wish to
avoid drinking tap water, including water and ice from a refrigerator
ice-maker, which are made with tap water. Because public water quality and
treatment vary throughout the United States, always check with the local health
department and water utility to see if they have issued any special notices
about the use of tap water by HIV infected persons. You may also wish to take
some additional measures: boiling your water, filtering your water with certain
home filters, or drinking certain types of bottled water. Processed carbonated
(bubbly) drinks in cans or bottles are probably safe, but drinks made at a
fountain might not be because they are made with tap water. If you choose to
take these extra measures, use them all the time, not just at home. If the
public health department advises boiling the water, do not drink tap water
unless you boil it. You could also use one of the bottled waters described