Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the
combination of several antiretroviral medicines used to slow the rate at which
HIV makes copies of itself (multiplies) in the body. A
combination of three or more antiretroviral medicines is more effective than
using just one medicine (monotherapy) to treat HIV.
The use of
three or more antiretroviral medicines—sometimes referred to as an anti-HIV
"cocktail"—is currently the standard treatment for HIV infection. So far, this
treatment offers the best chance of preventing HIV from multiplying, which
immune system to stay healthy. The goal of
antiretroviral therapy is to reduce the amount of virus in your body (viral
load) to a level that can no longer be detected with current blood
AIDS wasting syndrome occurs when you have AIDS and lose at least 10% of your body weight -- especially muscle. You may also have at least 30 days of diarrhea or extreme weakness and fever that's not related to an infection. Not a specific disease, AIDS wasting syndrome is a poorly understood condition of AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). It is less frequent than in the past, thanks to HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) medications, called HAART. But it is still a significant threat. It...
Other drug combinations are approved and may be used in some cases.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
November 06, 2013
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