Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the
combination of several antiretroviral medicines used to slow the rate at which
HIV makes copies of itself (multiplies) in the body. A
combination of three or more antiretroviral medicines is more effective than
using just one medicine (monotherapy) to treat HIV.
The use of
three or more antiretroviral medicines—sometimes referred to as an anti-HIV
"cocktail"—is currently the standard treatment for HIV infection. So far, this
treatment offers the best chance of preventing HIV from multiplying, which
immune system to stay healthy. The goal of
antiretroviral therapy is to reduce the amount of virus in your body (viral
load) to a level that can no longer be detected with current blood
Researchers remain hopeful that they're heading in the right direction to finding a cure for HIV/AIDS.
Two babies who were treated as infants for HIV lived for years without any signs of the virus.
Now, one of them is testing positive for HIV again.
But the treatments at least held the virus at bay for a while -- and that could lead to changes in treatments for people recently infected.