In order to diagnose high blood pressure, your health care provider will check your blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. It's important to pay attention to both the higher (systolic) and the lower (diastolic) numbers in your blood pressure readings.
A normal blood pressure is less than 120 (systolic) over 80 (diastolic). You may have high blood pressure if your reading is regularly over 140/90.
You and your doctor are a team. You should ask questions about any concerns you may have, so that you understand what's going on with your health.
If you’re concerned about your blood pressure, or if your doctor is, start by asking these questions:
What is my blood pressure?
What should my blood pressure be?
What kind of diet should I follow to help control my blood pressure?
How much should I weigh?
Can you recommend a diet or eating plan to help me reach that weight?
Although both numbers are felt to be important, systolic blood pressure is probably a better indicator of your risk for heart disease. For people under age 50, the diastolic number is a more important indicator of the risk for heart disease.
What Are the Treatments for High Blood Pressure?
Lifestyle Changes to Treat High Blood Pressure
Making lifestyle adjustments is key to maintaining normal blood pressure. In fact, most doctors will suggest lifestyle changes before prescribing drugs. Lifestyle changes are also the recommended treatment for pre-hypertension, a condition in which blood pressure readings are higher than 120/80, but below 140/90.
Quit smoking. This is perhaps the most important step a person can take to improve health.
Lose weight. Losing excess weight can help decrease your blood pressure. If you're overweight, work with your doctor to design a safe weight loss plan to get closer to your ideal weight.
Eat right. Studies show that a diet low in salt and high in fruits and vegetables can significantly lower blood pressure. Also, make sure you get enough vitamins and minerals -- some studies show that having the recommended daily amounts of vitamin C, vitamin E, potassium, magnesium, and calcium can improve heart health. Your diet should also include low-fat dairy products.
Exercise. Regular aerobic activity, such as brisk walking on most days of the week, can lower blood pressure. Regularity of exercise is as important as intensity.
Limit alcohol. Women should drink no more than one alcoholic drink per day; men should limit intake to two drinks or fewer. "One drink" means one 5-ounce glass of wine, one 12-ounce beer, or one 11/2-ounce shot glass of hard liquor.
Reduce stress. Emotional factors play a role in blood pressure. Studies show that relaxation techniques such as meditation, yoga, or even therapy to help you cope with stress may reduce blood pressure.