Office Ergonomics - Common Office Injuries
Vision problems continued...
Solutions. You can reduce your
risk of vision problems from improper lighting with:
- Full-spectrum lights, which may help reduce
- Task lighting (such as lights above your workstation or
on your desk), which can increase the level of light in your office and allow
you the flexibility to position the light where it is needed
- Monitor screens that reduce glare, such as plasma screens or
removable glare guards.
- Proper placement of computer screens. Do
not place a computer screen in front of or next to a window. This creates a
contrast problem and visual stress. If you do sit next to a window, the best
placement for your monitor is at a right (90-degree) angle to the
- Window blinds or tinted glass, to reduce sun glare while
still allowing filtered light into your office.
It's also a good idea to have an eye exam every 1 or 2
years. If you wear bifocals or reading glasses, you may want to adjust your
monitor so that you don't have to tilt your head back to see clearly. Or consider
full-frame reading glasses for computer use. There are also progressive lenses
available that have a reading prescription at the bottom, a mid-distance
prescription that is good for computer use in the middle of the lens, and a
long-distance prescription at the top of the lens. The lens has these three
types of prescriptions in different areas of the glass and smooth transitions
between types of prescriptions.
Noise can produce tension and
stress and interfere with your ability to concentrate. And it can damage your
- Common office noise sources may include:
- Equipment, including telephones, computers, and printers.
- Many people working close
together, which leads to more voices and foot traffic around work
- Noise outside the building that comes through office
- Even low-level noise can reduce your
productivity and increase stress levels, leading to problems with muscles and
- High-level noise is regulated by the U.S. Occupational
Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), as this type of noise can lead to
significant hearing loss.
Solutions. You and your company
can reduce your risk for hearing loss or other problems associated with noise
- Earplugs, to reduce background
- Acoustic ceiling tiles, to absorb some
- Relocation of noisy equipment.
- Window glass, to block out excessive
- Carpets, to help absorb foot-traffic and conversational
- Noise-reducing partitions, to reduce noise around