Skip to content

    Incontinence & Overactive Bladder Health Center

    Font Size
    A
    A
    A

    Pelvic Organ Prolapse - Cause

    Pelvic organ prolapse is usually caused by damage to the tissues (muscles, ligaments, and connective tissue) that support the pelvic organs. Damage or stretching of these tissues allows the organs to move out of their normal positions. This causes them to press against (and sometimes move) the inside walls of the vagina.

    Having a baby makes it more likely that you will have pelvic organ prolapse later. Vaginal childbirth has been strongly linked to weakened and stretched support structures in the pelvic area. This loss of support is the biggest cause of pelvic organ prolapse. Having a cesarean section, on the other hand, seems to be less strongly linked to pelvic organ prolapse.1

    Recommended Related to Urinary Incontinence/OAB

    Urinary Incontinence: Kegel Exercises for Pelvic Muscles

    Kegel exercises are one of the most effective ways of controlling urinary incontinence naturally. Kegel exercises can help many women and men with urinary incontinence, regardless of cause or age. Kegel exercises aim to strengthen pelvic floor muscles that support and hold up the bladder. When the pelvic floor muscles are weak, you are at greater risk for involuntary urine leaks. The value of improving urinary incontinence with Kegel exercises is now widely accepted. Here's what you need...

    Read the Urinary Incontinence: Kegel Exercises for Pelvic Muscles article > >

    Another cause of reduced support in the pelvis is lower levels of the hormone estrogen. Estrogen levels are lower during and after menopause. The lower levels of estrogen in the body mean less collagen, a protein that helps the pelvic connective tissues stretch and return to their normal positions.

    Pelvic organ prolapse can also occur after surgical removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) for another health problem, such as endometriosis. Removal of the uterus can sometimes leave the other organs in the pelvic area with less support.

    Other conditions that may cause pelvic organ prolapse include:

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: March 12, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
    1
    Next Article:

    Today on WebMD

    womens restroom sign
    Symptoms, causes, and treatments.
    hand over mouth
    Test your urine knowledge.
     
    man breathing with mouth open
    Is it true that men can do kegels?
    bathroom sign running
    Assess your symptoms.
     
    woman holding water
    Slideshow
    Food That Makes You Gotta Go
    Slideshow
     
    Male Incontinence Slideshow
    Slideshow
    Mature woman standing among peers
    Article
     
    Worried in bed
    Article
    woman standing in front of restroom sign
    Slideshow
     
    various pills
    Video
    sitting in chair
    Article