How It’s Diagnosed

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MEENAKASHI GUPTA: The dilated examination is the gold standard. If you come in for an eye examination because you've been diagnosed with diabetes, you will have your vision checked, you will definitely have what's called a dilated examination of your eyes. During that examination there are drops that will be placed in your eyes to make your pupils large and the back of your eye where the retina is located will be examined. Sometimes you will also have photographs taken two of those photographs are the OCT, which allows a detailed examination of your macula, which is an area of the retina that can become swollen if you have a damage to the vessels from diabetes. In some cases, we may require a fluorescein angiogram, which is a test to look at the blood flow through the retinal vessels that allows your doctor to see damage that has occurred to the vessels

due to the diabetes. It is critical though that you have a dilated fundus examination. So dilated eye examination. Without the dilated examination, it is possible to miss changes that have occurred to the retina.