Health Benefits of Curry Leaf

The curry tree, a unique citrus tree native to regions of India and Sri Lanka, has become almost synonymous with Indian cuisine. As a member of the citrus family, curry leaves have a strong, fragrant flavor similar to lemongrass.

Used as an herb, curry leaves pack a much subtler flavor than curry powder by lending a complex depth of flavor to any dish. When cooked into a dish, curry leaves enhance the other flavors, giving Indian food its fragrant, robust flavors. Curry leaves have a somewhat sweet taste, earning them the nickname sweet neem leaves.

More than acting as a flavorful herb in Asian cooking, curry leaves have a number of health benefits. In fact, they’re commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine,  a type of holistic medicine practice that began in India over 3,000 years ago.

Health Benefits

While curry leaves are popular in cooking, they’re also commonly used in holistic medicine. This herb is packed with powerful health benefits worth knowing about. 

Support Immune Health

As important as treating an illness once you have it is preventing yourself from getting sick in the first place. Curry leaves are rich with antioxidants, which can help prevent you from getting sick, and which can help lessen the amount of time you stay sick.

Other studies suggest that curry leaves can help your body fight genetic mutation, which has been linked to chronic illnesses including cancer.

Help Treat Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the second-most prevalent cancer in the world. Current breast cancer treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation, all of which have their own side effects and risk factors.

However, research suggests that curry leaves may help treat breast cancer by causing cancerous cells to die off. One initial study had a small sample size and has not yet been reproduced, but shows promise for the future of breast cancer treatment. 

May Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease is a degenerative disease that causes brain cells to die.Currently, there is no cure for Alzheimer’s Disease, though some medications can slow the disease’s progression. 

However, early studies suggest that curry leaves may actually help prevent Alzheimer’s Disease. A study done in rats suggests that curry leaves not only protected against future damage to brain cells, but actually reversed some effects of past brain cell damage.

While this early research is promising, the study has not yet been reproduced with humans.

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Nutrition

Curry leaves are an excellent source of the following nutrients:

  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin B

Nutrients per Serving

The U.S. Department of Agriculture does not yet have a standard portion size for curry leaves, so we don’t know the exact nutrients per serving of curry leaves. This may change as curry leaf becomes more popular in Western cooking.

Things to Watch Out For

Because the USDA does not have a standard portion size for curry leaves, it’s hard to be sure exactly how many nutrients and calories you’re getting when cooking with curry leaves. If you’re on a restricted diet, make sure to talk to your doctor before adding curry leaves to your daily regimen. 

How to Prepare Curry Leaf

The best way to draw out the flavor of curry leaves is to first sautee them in oil. Once they’re soft and fragrant, you can add them into dishes to enhance the flavors. Although curry leaves pair most easily with Indian dishes, they can be added to a large array of foods, including: 

  • Soups
  • Pastas
  • Stir Fries
  • Chutneys
  • Rice
  • Stews
  • Dals
WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Dan Brennan, MD on September 08, 2020

Sources

SOURCES:

BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies: “Murraya koenigii leaf extract inhibits proteasome activity and induces cell death in breast cancer cells.”

BioMed Research International: “Antioxidant Capacity and Antimutagenic Potential of Murraya koenigii.”

Journal of Food and Science Technology: “Comparative antioxidant effect of aqueous extracts of curry leaves, fenugreek leaves and butylated hydroxytoluene in raw chicken patties.”

Madhav University: “Curry Leaves.” 

Mayo Clinic: “Alzheimer’s Disease.” 

Mayo Clinic: “Breast Cancer.” 

Phytotherapy Research: “Effects of the total alkaloidal extract of Murraya koenigii leaf on oxidative stress and cholinergic transmission in aged mice.”

UIC Heritage Garden: "Curry Leaf Tree (Murraya Koenigii)."

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