TAURINE

OTHER NAME(S):

2-Aminoethylsulfonic Acid, 2-Aminoethane Sulfonic Acid, Acide Aminoéthylsulfonique, Acide Kétoisocaproïque de Taurine, Acid Aminoethanesulfonate, Aminoethanesulfonate, Aminoéthylsulfonique, Dibicor, Éthyl Ester de Taurine, L-Taurine, Taurina, Taurine Ethyl Ester, Taurine Ketoisocaproic Acid.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Taurine is often referred to as an amino acid. Amino acids are the building block of proteins. But taurine is actually an amino sulfonic acid. It is not used to build protein but has many other important functions in the body. Taurine is found in large amounts in the brain, retina, heart, and blood cells called platelets. The best food sources are meat, fish, and eggs.

Taurine can be manufactured in the body of most people from other amino acids. But some people cannot make it and need to get taurine from their diet or supplements. Breast milk is rich in taurine, but infants who are not breastfed do not get enough taurine and do not have the ability to make it, so taurine is often added to infant formulas. It is also added to the formulas used for tube-feeding in adults.

People take taurine for congestive heart failure (CHF) and swelling (inflammation) of the liver (hepatitis). It is also used for athletic performance, boosting energy, diabetes, and other conditions, is but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

How does it work?

Taurine has important functions in the heart and brain, including supporting nerve growth. It might improve heart failure because it seems to lower blood pressure and calm the sympathetic nervous system, which is often too active in people with high blood pressure and CHF.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Effective for

  • Congestive heart failure (CHF). Taurine seems to improve heart function, symptoms, and ability to exercise in people with CHF.
  • Swelling (inflammation) of the liver (hepatitis). Early research shows that taking taurine improves liver function in people with hepatitis.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Athletic performance. Early research shows that taurine might improve athletic endurance by a small amount. But it's unclear which athletes are most likely to benefit.
  • Nausea and vomiting caused by cancer drug treatment. Early research shows that taurine improves the symptoms of nausea and vomiting in patients receiving cancer drug treatment.
  • Kidney damage caused by cancer drugs. Early research shows that taurine may help prevent kidney and liver damage caused by cancer drugs.
  • Liver scarring (cirrhosis). Early research shows that taurine reduces the pressure in the vein supplying blood to the liver. But it's unclear if this reduced pressure leads to fewer complications.
  • Memory and thinking skills (cognitive function). Early clinical research shows that taurine, in combination with caffeine and B vitamins (Red Bull Energy Drink), can improve attention, reasoning, and wakefulness, but does not improve memory.
  • Cystic fibrosis. Taurine supplements might be useful along with usual treatment to reduce fat in the feces of children with cystic fibrosis. But taking taurine doesn't seem to improve growth, lung function, or other symptoms of cystic fibrosis.
  • Diabetes. Early research shows that taurine doesn't affect blood sugar, blood fats, or insulin levels in people with diabetes.
  • Fatigue. Early research shows that taking an energy drink containing taurine prior to driving may reduce driver fatigue.
  • A digestive tract infection that can lead to ulcers (Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori). Early research shows that taking taurine with conventional treatments reduces H. pylori infection and improves ulcer healing.
  • High blood pressure. Early research shows that taurine reduces blood pressure in people with high blood pressure.
  • Infant development. Research shows that feeding infants a formula containing taurine for up to 12 weeks does not affect their growth or behavior.
  • Low levels of healthy red blood cells (anemia) due to iron deficiency. Early research shows that taking taurine with iron improves red blood cell counts and iron levels in women with anemia due to iron deficiency.
  • Muscle soreness. Early research shows that taking taurine together with branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) reduces muscle soreness associated with exercise in healthy people who do not exercise regularly.
  • A group of inherited disorders that cause muscle weakness and muscle loss (muscular dystrophy). Early research shows that taurine improves muscle relaxation in people with muscular dystrophy.
  • Recovery after surgery. Early research shows that taurine does not improve recovery rate or prevent deaths in elderly people recovering from surgery after hip fracture.
  • A mental disorder marked by hallucinations and delusion (psychosis). Early research shows that taking taurine with prescribed medications for psychosis reduces some symptoms in young adults experiencing psychosis for the first time.
  • Lack of sleep (sleep deprivation). Early research shows that taking taurine plus caffeine or a combination product containing taurine, caffeine, and B vitamins reduces sleepiness and improves reaction time in people who are sleep deprived.
  • An eye disease that leads to vision loss in older adults (age-related macular degeneration or AMD).
  • Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
  • Autism.
  • Seizure disorder (epilepsy).
  • High levels of cholesterol or other fats (lipids) in the blood (hyperlipidemia).
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate taurine for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: Taurine is LIKELY SAFE for adults when used in amounts found in foods. Taurine is POSSIBLY SAFE for adults when used as a medicine for up to 3 months.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Taurine is LIKELY SAFE when used in amounts found in foods. There isn't enough reliable information to know if taurine is safe to use as a medicine when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Children: Taurine is LIKELY SAFE for children when used in amounts found in foods. Taurine is POSSIBLY SAFE for children when used as a medicine for up to 4 months.

Bipolar disorder: There is some concern that taking too much taurine might make bipolar disorder worse.

Interactions

Interactions?

Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination

!
  • Lithium interacts with TAURINE

    Taurine might have an effect like a water pill or "diuretic." Taking taurine might decrease how well the body gets rid of lithium. This could increase how much lithium is in the body and result in serious side effects. Talk with your healthcare provider before using this product if you are taking lithium. Your lithium dose might need to be changed.

Dosing

Dosing

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

BY MOUTH:

  • For congestive heart failure (CHF): 1.5-6 grams of taurine has been taken daily, divided into two or three doses.
  • For hepatitis: 1.5-4 grams of taurine has been taken daily for up to 3 months.

View References

REFERENCES:

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