Evodia Extract, Evodia Lepta, Evodiae, Evodiae Fructus, Evodia Fruit, Evodiamine, Evodia officinalis, Evodia rutaecarpa, Extrait d'Evodia, E. rutaecarpa, E. officinalis, Gosyuyu, San Cha Ku, Wu-Chu-Yu, Wu-Zhu-Yu.
Overview InformationEvodia is a tree that is native to China and Korea. Evodia fruit is commonly used in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The fruit and root bark are also used as medicine in other herbal practice.
Evodia is used for digestion problems, obesity, high blood pressure, as birth control, and for other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.
How does it work?Chemicals contained in evodia might have several effects in the body. They might decrease pain and swelling (inflammation), decrease diarrhea, decrease blood pressure, stimulate the heart, and have many other effects. But these effects have only been shown in animals. There is not enough information to know if evodia has these effects in people.
Uses & Effectiveness
Insufficient Evidence for
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Stomach pain.
- High blood pressure.
- Heart failure and fluid build up in the body (congestive heart failure or CHF) .
- Birth control.
- Absence of menstrual periods (amenorrhea) .
- Bleeding after giving birth.
- Infections caused by viruses.
- Infections caused by parasites.
- Stomach ulcers.
- Persistent heartburn.
- A digestive tract infection that can lead to ulcers (Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori).
- Alzheimer disease.
- Other conditions.
Side Effects & SafetyWhen taken by mouth: Evodia is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth. Evodia can cause an irregular heartbeat or stop the heart completely in animals. It is not clear what dose, if any, would cause this to happen in humans.
Special Precautions & Warnings:Pregnancy: Evodia is POSSIBLY UNSAFE to use if you are pregnant. It contains some chemicals that affects pregnant animals. These chemicals cause the animals' uterus to contract and also seem to reduce the size of the litter. It's unknown if evodia affects pregnancy in humans, but it's best to stay on the safe side and avoid use.
Breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if evodia is safe to use when breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.
Irregular heartbeat: Evodia might make an irregular heartbeat worse. Don't use evodia if you have this condition.
Surgery: Evodia seems to slow blood clotting. There is a concern that it might increase the risk of bleeding during and after surgery. Stop using evodia at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.
Be cautious with this combination
Caffeine interacts with EVODIA
The body breaks down caffeine to get rid of it. Evodia might increase how quickly the body gets rid of caffeine. Taking evodia along with caffeine might decrease the effects of caffeine.
Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) substrates) interacts with EVODIA
Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Evodia might increase how quickly the liver breaks down some medications. Taking evodia along with these medications might decrease how well the medications work.<br><nb>Some of these medications that are changed by the liver include clozapine (Clozaril), cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril), fluvoxamine (Luvox), haloperidol (Haldol), imipramine (Tofranil), mexiletine (Mexitil), olanzapine (Zyprexa), pentazocine (Talwin), propranolol (Inderal), tacrine (Cognex), zileuton (Zyflo), zolmitriptan (Zomig), and others.
Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) substrates) interacts with EVODIA
Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Evodia might decrease how quickly the liver breaks down some medications. Taking evodia along with these medications might increase the effects and side effects of these medications.<br><nb>Some medications changed by the liver include lovastatin (Mevacor), ketoconazole (Nizoral), itraconazole (Sporanox), fexofenadine (Allegra), triazolam (Halcion), and many others.
Medications that change the liver (Cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) inhibitors) interacts with EVODIA
Some medications decrease how well the liver breaks down other medications. These medications that change the liver might decrease how fast chemicals in evodia are broken down in the body. This might increase the effects and side effects of evodia.
Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs) interacts with EVODIA
Evodia might slow blood clotting. Taking evodia along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding.<br><nb>Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others.
Theophylline interacts with EVODIA
The body breaks down theophylline to get rid of it. Evodia might increase how quickly the body gets rid of theophylline. Taking evodia along with theophylline might decrease the effectiveness of theophylline.
The appropriate dose of evodia depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for evodia. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.
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- Fei XF, Wang BX, Li TJ, et al. Evodiamine, a constituent of Evodiae Fructus, induces anti-proliferating effects in tumor cells. Cancer Sci 2003;94:92-8. View abstract.
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- Kobayashi Y, Hoshikuma K, Nakano Y, et al. The positive inotropic & chronotropic effects of evodiamine & rutaecarpine, indoloquinazoline alkaloids isolated from the fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa, on the guinea-pig isolated right atria: possible involvement of vanilloid receptors. Planta Med 2001;67:244-8. View abstract.
- Kobayashi Y, Nakano Y, Kizaki M, et al. Capsaicin-like anti-obese activities of evodiamine from fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa, a vanilloid receptor agonist. Planta Med 2001;67:628-33. View abstract.
- Kobayashi Y. The nociceptive and anti-nociceptive effects of evodiamine from fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa in mice. Planta Med 2003;69:425-8. View abstract.
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- Rang WQ, Du YH, Hu CP, et al. Protective effects of evodiamine on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Planta Med 2004;70:1140-3. View abstract.
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- Sheu JR, Hung WC, Lee YM, Yen MH. Mechanism of inhibition of platelet aggregation by rutaecarpine, an alkaloid isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa. Eur J Pharmacol 1996;318:469-75. View abstract.
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- Sheu JR, Kan YC, Hung WC, et al. The antiplatelet activity of rutaecarpine, an alkaloid isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa, is mediated through inhibition of phospholipase C. Thromb Res 1998;92:53-64. View abstract.
- Shoji N, Umeyama A, Takemoto T, et al. Isolation of evodiamine, a powerful cardiotonic principle, from Evodia rutaecarpa Bentham (Rutaceae). J Pharm Sci 1986;75:612-3. View abstract.
- Takada Y, Kobayashi Y, Aggarwal BB. Evodiamine abolishes constitutive & inducible NF-kappaB activation by inhibiting IkappaBalpha kinase activation, thereby suppressing NF-kappaB-regulated antiapoptotic & metastatic gene expression, up-regulating apoptosis, & inhibit invasion. Biol Chem 2005;280:17203-12. View abstract.
- Tominaga K, Higuchi K, Hamasaki N, et al. In vivo action of novel alkyl methyl quinolone alkaloids against Helicobacter pylori. J Antimicrob Chemother 2002;50:547-52. View abstract.
- Tsai TH, Chang CH, Lin LC. Effects of Evodia rutaecarpa and rutaecarpine on the pharmacokinetics of caffeine in rats. Planta Med 2005;71:640-5. View abstract.
- Ueng YF, Jan WC, Lin LC, et al. The alkaloid rutaecarpine is a selective inhibitor of cytochrome P450 1A in mouse and human liver microsomes. Drug Metab Dispos 2002;30:349-53. View abstract.
- Ueng YF, Tsai TH, Don MJ, et al. Alteration of the pharmacokinetics of theophylline by rutaecarpine, an alkaloid of the medicinal herb Evodia rutaecarpa, in rats. J Pharm Pharmacol 2005;57:227-32. View abstract.
- Wang L, Hu CP, Deng PY, et al. The protective effects of rutaecarpine on gastric mucosa injury in rats. Planta Med 2005;71:416-9. View abstract.
- Wu CL, Hung CR, Chang FY, et al. Effects of evodiamine on gastrointestinal motility in male rats. Eur J Pharmacol 2002;457:169-76. View abstract.
- Yang MC, Wu SL, Kuo JS, Chen CF. The hypotensive and negative chronotropic effects of dehydroevodiamine. Eur J Pharmacol 1990;182:537-42. View abstract.
- Yi HH, Rang WQ, Deng PY, et al. Protective effects of rutaecarpine in cardiac anaphylactic injury is mediated by CGRP. Planta Med 2004;70:1135-9. View abstract.
- Yu LL, Liao JF, Chen CF. Anti-diarrheal effect of water extract of Evodiae fructus in mice. J Ethnopharmacol 2000;73:39-45. View abstract.
- Zhang Y, Wu LJ, Tashiro S, et al. Evodiamine induces tumor cell death through different pathways: apoptosis and necrosis. Acta Pharmacol Sin 2004;25:83-9. View abstract.
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