Bael is used for constipation, diarrhea, diabetes, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.
Uses & Effectiveness
Insufficient Evidence for
- Asthma. Research shows that taking a product that contains bael fruit and boswellia gum helps people with asthma to breathe better. It's unclear if the effects are due to bael, to boswellia, or to the combination.
- Illness from a Shigella bacteria infection (shigellosis). Early research shows that taking dried bael fruit powder for 3 days does not reduce the number of stools in people with diarrhea caused by an infection called shigellosis.
- Snakebite, when applied to the skin.
- Stomach ache.
- Other conditions.
Special Precautions and Warnings
When applied to the skin: There isn't enough reliable information to know if bael is safe or what the side effects might be. Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if bael is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.
Diabetes: Bael might lower blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes and take medications to lower your blood sugar, adding bael might make your blood sugar drop too low. Monitor your blood sugar carefully.
Surgery: There is a concern that bael might interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery. Stop using bael at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.
Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) interacts with BAEL
Bael might decrease blood sugar levels. Diabetes medications are also used to lower blood sugar. Taking bael along with diabetes medications might cause your blood sugar to drop too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely. The dose of your diabetes medication might need to be changed.
Some medications used for diabetes include glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol), tolbutamide (Orinase), and others.
Various medications used for glaucoma, Alzheimer disease, and other conditions (Cholinergic drugs) interacts with BAEL
Bael might increase certain chemicals in the brain, heart, and elsewhere in the body. Some medications used for glaucoma, Alzheimer disease, and other conditions also affect these chemicals. Taking bael with these medications might increase the chance of side effects.
Some of these medications used for glaucoma, Alzheimer's disease, and other conditions include pilocarpine (Pilocar and others), donepezil (Aricept), tacrine (Cognex), and others.
Be cautious with this combination
Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) substrates) interacts with BAEL
Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Bael might decrease how quickly the liver breaks down some medications. Taking bael along with some medications that are broken down by the liver can increase the effects and side effects of these medications. Before taking bael, talk to your healthcare provider if you take any medications that are changed by the liver.
Some medications that are changed by the liver include amitriptyline (Elavil), haloperidol (Haldol), ondansetron (Zofran), propranolol (Inderal), theophylline (Theo-Dur, others), verapamil (Calan, Isoptin, others), and others.
Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) substrates) interacts with BAEL
Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Bael might decrease how quickly the liver breaks down some medications. Taking bael along with some medications that are broken down by the liver can increase the effects and side effects of some medications. Before taking bael, talk to your healthcare provider if you are taking any medications that are changed by the liver.
Some medications changed by the liver include lovastatin (Mevacor), ketoconazole (Nizoral), itraconazole (Sporanox), fexofenadine (Allegra), triazolam (Halcion), and many others.
Be watchful with this combination
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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.
This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2020.