Alpinia officinarum, Alpinie, Catarrh Root, China Root, Chinese Ginger, Chittarattai, Colic Root, East India Catarrh Root, East India Root, Galanga, Galanga Camphré, Galanga Minceur, Galangal, Galangal Officinal, Galangal Root, Galangale, Galgant, Galingale, Gao Liang, Gao Liang Jiang, Gargaut, Gingembre Rouge, India Root, Languas officinarum, Lengkuas, Lesser Galangal, Petit Galanga, Racine de Galanga, Radix Alpiniae Officinarum, Rasna, Rhizome Galangae, Smaller Galangal.


Overview Information

Alpinia is a plant that is related to ginger. The underground stem (rhizome) is used to make medicine.

People use alpinia for fevers, muscle spasms, intestinal gas, bacterial infections, and swelling (inflammation), but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

How does it work?

Alpinia contains chemicals that block certain steps in the swelling (inflammation) pathway.


Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Conditions in a man that prevent him from getting a woman pregnant within a year of trying to conceive (male infertility). Early research shows that taking alpinia extract improves sperm count and sperm quality in infertile men. It is unclear if alpinia can improve the chance of getting a woman pregnant.
  • Fever.
  • Infections.
  • Intestinal gas.
  • Minor bleeding.
  • Spasms.
  • Swelling (inflammation).
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of alpinia for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: Alpinia is LIKELY SAFE for most adults when taken by mouth in amounts commonly found in foods. Alpinia is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth as a medicine. It has been used safely at a dose of 300 mg per day for up to 12 weeks. It may cause upset stomach in some people.

When applied to the skin: Alpinia is POSSIBLY SAFE when applied to the skin as a specific product also containing licorice, thyme, stinging nettle, and common grape vine (Ankaferd blood stopper).

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if alpinia is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.



Minor Interaction

Be watchful with this combination

  • Antacids interacts with ALPINIA

    Antacids are used to decrease stomach acid. Alpinia may increase stomach acid. By increasing stomach acid, alpinia might decrease the effectiveness of antacids.

    Some antacids include calcium carbonate (Tums, others), dihydroxyaluminum sodium carbonate (Rolaids, others), magaldrate (Riopan), magnesium sulfate (Bilagog), aluminum hydroxide (Amphojel), and others.

  • Medications that decrease stomach acid (H2-Blockers) interacts with ALPINIA

    Alpinia might increase stomach acid. By increasing stomach acid, alpinia might decrease the effectiveness of some medications that decrease stomach acid, called H2-Blockers.

    Some medications that decrease stomach acid include cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), nizatidine (Axid), and famotidine (Pepcid).

  • Medications that decrease stomach acid (Proton pump inhibitors) interacts with ALPINIA

    Alpinia might increase stomach acid. By increasing stomach acid, alpinia might decrease the effectiveness of medications that are used to decrease stomach acid, called proton pump inhibitors.

    Some medications that decrease stomach acid include omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), rabeprazole (Aciphex), pantoprazole (Protonix), and esomeprazole (Nexium).



The appropriate dose of alpinia depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for alpinia. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References


  • Beyazit, Y., Kurt, M., Kekilli, M., Goker, H., and Haznedaroglu, I. C. Evaluation of hemostatic effects of Ankaferd as an alternative medicine. Altern.Med.Rev. 2010;15(4):329-336. View abstract.
  • Kiuchi, F., Iwakami, S., Shibuya, M., Hanaoka, F., and Sankawa, U. Inhibition of prostaglandin and leukotriene biosynthesis by gingerols and diarylheptanoids. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 1992;40(2):387-391. View abstract.
  • Kubo, M., Matsuda, H., Suo, T., Yamanaka, J., Sakanaka, M., and Yoshimura, M. [Study on Alpiniae Fructus. I. Pharmacological evidence of efficacy of Alpiniae Fructus on ancient herbal literature]. Yakugaku Zasshi 1995;115(10):852-862. View abstract.
  • Laranja, S. M., Bergamaschi, C. M., and Schor, N. [Evaluation of three plants with potential diuretic effect]. Rev Assoc Med Bras 1992;38(1):13-16. View abstract.
  • Laranja, S. M., Bergamaschi, C. M., and Schor, N. Evaluation of acute administration of natural products with potential diuretic effects, in humans. Mem.Inst.Oswaldo Cruz 1991;86 Suppl 2:237-240. View abstract.
  • Lu, C. L., Zhao, H. Y., and Jiang, J. G. Evaluation of multi-activities of 14 edible species from Zingiberaceae. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2013;64(1):28-35. View abstract.
  • Purnak, T., Ozaslan, E., Beyazit, Y., and Haznedaroglu, I. C. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient with defective hemostasis successfully treated with ankaferd blood stopper. Phytother.Res. 2011;25(2):312-313. View abstract.
  • Shin, D., Kinoshita, K., Koyama, K., and Takahashi, K. Antiemetic principles of Alpinia officinarum. J Nat.Prod. 2002;65(9):1315-1318. View abstract.
  • Altman RD, Marcussen KC. Effects of ginger extract on knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum 2001;44:2531-38. View abstract.
  • Baykul, T., Alanoglu, E. G., and Kocer, G. Use of Ankaferd Blood Stopper as a hemostatic agent: a clinical experience. J Contemp Dent Pract 2010;11(1):E088-E094. View abstract.
  • Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21. Part 182 -- Substances Generally Recognized As Safe. Available at:
  • Eyi, E. G., Engin-Ustun, Y., Kaba, M., and Mollamahmutoglu, L. Ankaferd blood stopper in episiotomy repair. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2013;40(1):141-143. View abstract.
  • Gong J, Zhang Z, Zhang X, et al. Effects and possible mechanisms of Alpinia officinarum ethanol extract on indomethacin-induced gastric injury in rats. Pharm Biol 2018;56(1):294-301. View abstract.
  • Kolangi F, Shafi H, Memariani Z, et al. Effect of Alpinia officinarum Hance rhizome extract on spermatogram factors in men with idiopathic infertility: a prospective double-blinded randomised clinical trial. Andrologia 2019;51(1):e13172. View abstract.
  • Pillai MK, Young DJ, Bin Hj Abdul Majid HM. Therapeutic potential of Alpinia officinarum. Mini Rev Med Chem. 2018;18(14):1220-1232. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2018.