BEET

OTHER NAME(S):

Beet Greens, Beet Juice, Beetroot, Beta vulgaris, Betarraga, Beets, Betterave, Betterave à Sucre, Betterave Jaune, Betterave Rouge, Betteraves, Fodder Beet, Garden Beet, Green Beet, Mangel, Mangold, Red Beet, Remolacha, Scandinavian Beet, Sugarbeet, Yellow Beet.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Beet is a plant. The root is used in natural medicines.

Beets are used along with medications in the treatment of liver diseases and fatty liver. They are also used to help lower levels of triglycerides (a type of fat) in the blood, lower blood pressure, and to improve athletic performance.

How does it work?

There is some evidence that a chemical found in beets can help fight fat deposits in the liver. Beets also contain a chemical that might have antioxidant effects. Beet can also increase nitric oxide in the body. This chemical can affect blood vessels.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Lowering triglyceride levels in the blood. Early research suggests that taking a specific product (Neo40-Daily by Neogenis Labs) containing beet root and hawthorn berry twice a day for 30 days might reduce a type of fat found in the blood called triglycerides in people who are at risk for heart disease.
  • Supportive therapy for fatty liver and other liver diseases.
  • Reducing blood pressure.
  • Improving athletic performance.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of beet for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Beet is LIKELY SAFE for most people when taken in the amounts typically found in foods. Beet is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts.

Beets can cause low calcium levels and kidney damage.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: It’s not known whether it’s safe to use beet in larger medicinal amounts during pregnancy or breast-feeding. Stick to food amounts.

Kidney disease: Eating too many beets might make kidney disease worse.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for BEET Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of beet depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for beet. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Al Tamimi, M. A., Palframan, R. J., Cooper, J. M., Gibson, G. R., and Rastall, R. A. In vitro fermentation of sugar beet arabinan and arabino-oligosaccharides by the human gut microflora. J Appl Microbiol 2006;100(2):407-414. View abstract.
  • Altareva, L. A. [Causes of poisoning during work in sugar beet fields following the use of polychloropinene]. Gig.Sanit. 1978;(1):109-111. View abstract.
  • Arimoto-Kobayashi, S., Machida, M., Okamoto, K., and Yamaguchi, A. Evaluation of photo-mutagenicity and photo-cytotoxicity of food coloring agents. Mutagenesis 2005;20(3):229-233. View abstract.
  • Briskin, B. S. and Demidov, D. A. [Enterosorption with pectin-containing medication in the treatment of peritonitis]. Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2005;(4):14-19. View abstract.
  • Castor, M. L., Wagstrom, E. A., Danila, R. N., Smith, K. E., Naimi, T. S., Besser, J. M., Peacock, K. A., Juni, B. A., Hunt, J. M., Bartkus, J. M., Kirkhorn, S. R., and Lynfield, R. An outbreak of Pontiac fever with respiratory distress among workers performing high-pressure cleaning at a sugar-beet processing plant. J Infect.Dis 5-1-2005;191(9):1530-1537. View abstract.
  • Cerny, Z. [Tularemia infection rate and evaluation of the risk of the infection being contracted by workers of sugar-refineries processing surag-beet from areas of its endemic incidence (author's transl)]. Cesk.Epidemiol.Mikrobiol.Imunol. 1976;25(1):39-49. View abstract.
  • Cossack, Z. T. and Musaiger, A. O. Effect on lipid metabolism of beet fibre in desert nomads with low habitual fibre intake. Eur.J.Clin.Nutr. 1991;45(2):105-110. View abstract.
  • Davies, J. W., Ewan, E. P., Varughese, P., and Acres, S. E. Listeria monocytogenes infections in Canada. Clin Invest Med 1984;7(4):315-320. View abstract.
  • Frank, T., Stintzing, F. C., Carle, R., Bitsch, I., Quaas, D., Strass, G., Bitsch, R., and Netzel, M. Urinary pharmacokinetics of betalains following consumption of red beet juice in healthy humans. Pharmacol Res 2005;52(4):290-297. View abstract.
  • Granado, F., Olmedilla, B., Blanco, I., and Rojas-Hidalgo, E. Major fruit and vegetable contributors to the main serum carotenoids in the Spanish diet. Eur J Clin Nutr 1996;50(4):246-250. View abstract.
  • Hagander, B., Asp, N. G., Efendic, S., Nilsson-Ehle, P., Lungquist, I., and Schersten, B. Reduced glycemic response to beet-fibre meal in non-insulin-dependent diabetics and its relation to plasma levels of pancreatic and gastrointestinal hormones. Diabetes Res. 1986;3(2):91-96. View abstract.
  • Hagander, B., Asp, N. G., Ekman, R., Nilsson-Ehle, P., and Schersten, B. Dietary fibre enrichment, blood pressure, lipoprotein profile and gut hormones in NIDDM patients. Eur J Clin Nutr 1989;43(1):35-44. View abstract.
  • Hamberg, O., Rumessen, J. J., and Gudmand-Hoyer, E. Blood glucose response to pea fiber: comparisons with sugar beet fiber and wheat bran. Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 1989;50(2):324-328. View abstract.
  • Hara, H., Haga, S., Kasai, T., and Kiriyama, S. Fermentation products of sugar-beet fiber by cecal bacteria lower plasma cholesterol concentration in rats. J Nutr 1998;128(4):688-693. View abstract.
  • Hohenleutner, S., Pfau, A., Hohenleutner, U., and Landthaler, M. [Sugar beet pollen allergy as a rare occupational disease]. Hautarzt 1996;47(6):462-464. View abstract.
  • Jensen, P. A., Todd, W. F., Hart, M. E., Mickelsen, R. L., and O'Brien, D. M. Evaluation and control of worker exposure to fungi in a beet sugar refinery. Am.Ind.Hyg.Assoc.J. 1993;54(12):742-748. View abstract.
  • Kundiev, Y. I., Chusova, V. N., and Karakashyan, A. N. Health effects of pesticides on female beet growers. Med.Lav. 1990;81(6):513-516. View abstract.
  • Lampe, J. W., Slavin, J. L., Baglien, K. S., Thompson, W. O., Duane, W. C., and Zavoral, J. H. Serum lipid and fecal bile acid changes with cereal, vegetable, and sugar-beet fiber feeding. Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 1991;53(5):1235-1241. View abstract.
  • Langkilde, A. M., Andersson, H., and Bosaeus, I. Sugar-beet fibre increases cholesterol and reduces bile acid excretion from the small bowel. Br.J.Nutr. 1993;70(3):757-766. View abstract.
  • Mitchell, S. C. Food idiosyncrasies: beetroot and asparagus. Drug Metab Dispos. 2001;29(4 Pt 2):539-543. View abstract.
  • Obzansky, D. M. and Richardson, K. E. Quantification of urinary oxalate with oxalate oxidase from beet stems. Clin.Chem. 1983;29(10):1815-1819. View abstract.
  • Pihlsgard, P., Larsson, M., Leufven, A., and Lingnert, H. Chemical and sensory properties of liquid beet sugar. J.Agric.Food Chem. 1999;47(10):4346-4352. View abstract.
  • Popek, K., Kopecna, E., Bieronska, N., Cerny, Z., Janicek, B., and Kozusnik, Z. [An epidemiological study of the occurrence of tularemia among the personnel of the beet sugar works in the area of South Moravia]. Zentralbl.Bakteriol.[Orig.] 1969;210(4):502-517. View abstract.
  • Richter, A. W., Granath, K., and Ostling, G. Anaphylactoid reactions in connection with infusion of invert sugar solutions are due to macromolecular contaminants. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol. 1976;50(5):606-612. View abstract.
  • Rosenman, K. D., Hart, M., and Ownby, D. R. Occupational asthma in a beet sugar processing plant. Chest 1992;101(6):1720-1722. View abstract.
  • Schwab, U., Louheranta, A., Torronen, A., and Uusitupa, M. Impact of sugar beet pectin and polydextrose on fasting and postprandial glycemia and fasting concentrations of serum total and lipoprotein lipids in middle-aged subjects with abnormal glucose metabolism. Eur J Clin Nutr 2006;60(9):1073-1080. View abstract.
  • Skrbic, B. and Gyura, J. Survey on some contaminants in white sugar from Serbian sugar beet refineries. Food Addit.Contam 2006;23(1):31-35. View abstract.
  • Steddom K, Heidel G, Jones D, and Rush CM. Remote detection of rhizomania in sugar beets. Phytopathology 2003;93(6):721-726.
  • Stevens, J., Ahn, K., Juhaeri, Houston, D., Steffan, L., and Couper, D. Dietary fiber intake and glycemic index and incidence of diabetes in African-American and white adults: the ARIC study. Diabetes Care 2002;25(10):1715-1721. View abstract.
  • Strigin, V. A. and Iarullina, S. A. [Sensitization to the pollen of sugar beet]. Klin.Med.(Mosk) 1974;52(7):133-135. View abstract.
  • Tamme, T., Reinik, M., Roasto, M., Juhkam, K., Tenno, T., and Kiis, A. Nitrates and nitrites in vegetables and vegetable-based products and their intakes by the Estonian population. Food Addit.Contam 2006;23(4):355-361. View abstract.
  • Thorsdottir, I., Andersson, H., and Einarsson, S. Sugar beet fiber in formula diet reduces postprandial blood glucose, serum insulin and serum hydroxyproline. Eur.J.Clin.Nutr. 1998;52(2):155-156. View abstract.
  • Tredger, J., Sheard, C., and Marks, V. Blood glucose and insulin levels in normal subjects following a meal with and without added sugar beet pulp. Diabete Metab 1981;7(3):169-172. View abstract.
  • Tsirkunov, L. P. [Skin diseases among agricultural workers in flax and sugar beet of areas]. Vrach.Delo 1965;5:110-111. View abstract.
  • Ursing, B. Sugar beet pollen allergy as an occupational disease. Acta Allergol. 1968;23(5):396-399. View abstract.
  • Watts, A. R., Lennard, M. S., Mason, S. L., Tucker, G. T., and Woods, H. F. Beeturia and the biological fate of beetroot pigments. Pharmacogenetics 1993;3(6):302-311. View abstract.
  • Zenaidi, M., Pauliat, S., Chaliier, P., Fratta, A., and Girardet, J. P. [Allergy to food colouring. A prospective study in ten children]. Tunis Med 2005;83(7):414-418. View abstract.
  • Zand J, Lanza F, Garg HK, Bryan NS. All-natural nitrite and nitrate containing dietary supplement promotes nitric oxide production and reduces triglycerides in humans. Nutr Res 2011;31(4):262-9. View abstract.

More Resources for BEET

CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
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