Beet Greens, Beet Juice, Beetroot, Beetroot Juice, Beta vulgaris, Betarraga, Beets, Betterave, Betterave à Sucre, Betterave Jaune, Betterave Rouge, Betteraves, Fodder Beet, Garden Beet, Green Beet, Mangel, Mangold, Red Beet, Remolacha, Scandinavian Beet, Sugarbeet, Yellow Beet.


Overview Information

Beet is a plant. The root is used in natural medicines. Beet root and leaves are also eaten as a vegetable.

Beets are commonly used in the treatment of liver diseases and fatty liver. They are also used help lower levels of triglycerides (a type of fat) in the blood, lower blood pressure, improve athletic performance, and reduce muscle soreness. But there is limited scientific research to support these uses.

How does it work?

Beets contain chemicals that might reduce swelling and cholesterol. Also, beet can increase levels of a chemical called nitric oxide in the body. Nitric oxide can affect blood vessels, possibly reducing blood pressure and making it easier to exercise.

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Effective for

  • Athletic performance. Drinking beetroot juice might help some people move faster or with less effort. However, it is not clear how much or how often beetroot juice is needed. It is possible that beet might work better for people who exercise for fun than for highly trained athletes.
  • Muscle soreness caused by exercise. Drinking beetroot juice a few times a day for about 48 hours after exercise seems to help with sore muscles after sprinting or jumping.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • High blood pressure. Drinking beetroot juice might reduce blood pressure in some people. However, it doesn't seem to work in people with high blood pressure.
  • Improving athletic performance.
  • High levels of fats called triglycerides in the blood (hypertriglyceridemia).
  • Supportive therapy for fatty liver and other liver diseases.
Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Beet is LIKELY SAFE for most people when taken in the amounts typically found in foods. Beet is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts.

Beets sometimes make urine or stools pink or red. Also, beets might cause low calcium levels and kidney damage. This hasn't been shown in people.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: It's not known whether it's safe to use beet in larger medicinal amounts during pregnancy or breast-feeding. Stick to food amounts.

Kidney disease: Eating too many beets might make kidney disease worse.



We currently have no information for BEET Interactions.



The following doses have been studied in scientific research:


  • For athletic performance: Beetroot juice 70-140 mL daily has been used, often taken a few hours before exercise. Baked beetroot 200 grams taken 75 minutes before exercise has also been used. Beetroot concentrate 50 mg twice daily for about 6 days has been used.
  • For muscle soreness caused by exercise: Beetroot juice (Love Beets Beetroot Juice) 125 or 250 mL per serving has been used for a total of 7-8 servings over approximately 2 days following exercise.

View References


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  • Thorsdottir, I., Andersson, H., and Einarsson, S. Sugar beet fiber in formula diet reduces postprandial blood glucose, serum insulin and serum hydroxyproline. Eur.J.Clin.Nutr. 1998;52(2):155-156. View abstract.
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  • Briskin, B. S. and Demidov, D. A. [Enterosorption with pectin-containing medication in the treatment of peritonitis]. Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2005;(4):14-19. View abstract.
  • Cossack, Z. T. and Musaiger, A. O. Effect on lipid metabolism of beet fibre in desert nomads with low habitual fibre intake. Eur.J.Clin.Nutr. 1991;45(2):105-110. View abstract.
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  • Granado, F., Olmedilla, B., Blanco, I., and Rojas-Hidalgo, E. Major fruit and vegetable contributors to the main serum carotenoids in the Spanish diet. Eur J Clin Nutr 1996;50(4):246-250. View abstract.
  • Hagander, B., Asp, N. G., Efendic, S., Nilsson-Ehle, P., Lungquist, I., and Schersten, B. Reduced glycemic response to beet-fibre meal in non-insulin-dependent diabetics and its relation to plasma levels of pancreatic and gastrointestinal hormones. Diabetes Res. 1986;3(2):91-96. View abstract.
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  • Hamberg, O., Rumessen, J. J., and Gudmand-Hoyer, E. Blood glucose response to pea fiber: comparisons with sugar beet fiber and wheat bran. Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 1989;50(2):324-328. View abstract.
  • Hara, H., Haga, S., Kasai, T., and Kiriyama, S. Fermentation products of sugar-beet fiber by cecal bacteria lower plasma cholesterol concentration in rats. J Nutr 1998;128(4):688-693. View abstract.
  • Lampe, J. W., Slavin, J. L., Baglien, K. S., Thompson, W. O., Duane, W. C., and Zavoral, J. H. Serum lipid and fecal bile acid changes with cereal, vegetable, and sugar-beet fiber feeding. Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 1991;53(5):1235-1241. View abstract.
  • Langkilde, A. M., Andersson, H., and Bosaeus, I. Sugar-beet fibre increases cholesterol and reduces bile acid excretion from the small bowel. Br.J.Nutr. 1993;70(3):757-766. View abstract.
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  • Schwab, U., Louheranta, A., Torronen, A., and Uusitupa, M. Impact of sugar beet pectin and polydextrose on fasting and postprandial glycemia and fasting concentrations of serum total and lipoprotein lipids in middle-aged subjects with abnormal glucose metabolism. Eur J Clin Nutr 2006;60(9):1073-1080. View abstract.
  • Stevens, J., Ahn, K., Juhaeri, Houston, D., Steffan, L., and Couper, D. Dietary fiber intake and glycemic index and incidence of diabetes in African-American and white adults: the ARIC study. Diabetes Care 2002;25(10):1715-1721. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

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© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2018.