People use L-tryptophan for severe PMS symptoms (premenstrual dysphoric disorder or PMDD), athletic performance, depression, insomnia, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.
How does it work ?
Uses & Effectiveness ?
Possibly Ineffective for
- Teeth grinding (bruxism). Taking L-tryptophan by mouth doesn't help treat teeth grinding.
- A condition that causes persistent muscle pain (myofascial pain syndrome). Taking L-tryptophan by mouth doesn't help reduce this type of pain.
Insufficient Evidence for
- Athletic performance. Some research shows that taking L-tryptophan for 3 days before exercising can improve power during exercise. This improvement in power helps increase the distance an athlete can go in the same amount of time. But other early research shows that taking L-tryptophan during exercise doesn't improve endurance during a cycling exercise. Reasons for the conflicting results are not clear. It is possible that L-tryptophan improves some measures of athletic ability but not others. On the other hand, L-tryptophan might need to be taken for a few days before exercise in order to see any benefit.
- Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There is some evidence that L-tryptophan levels are lower in children with ADHD. But taking L-tryptophan supplements does not appear to improve ADHD symptoms.
- Depression. Early research suggests that L-tryptophan might improve the effectiveness of common medications for depression.
- Fibromyalgia. Early research shows that adding walnuts to a Mediterranean diet to provide extra L-tryptophan and magnesium might improve anxiety and some other symptoms of fibromyalgia.
- A digestive tract infection that can lead to ulcers (Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori). Research shows that taking L-tryptophan in combination with the ulcer medicationomeprazole improves ulcer healing rates compared to taking omeprazole alone.
- Insomnia. Taking L-tryptophan might decrease the amount of time it takes to fall asleep and improve mood in healthy people with sleep problems. Taking L-tryptophan might also improve sleep in people with sleep problems related to withdrawal of illegal drugs.
- Migraine. Early research has found that having low levels of L-tryptophan in the diet is linked to an increased risk of migraine.
- Severe PMS symptoms (premenstrual dysphoric disorder or PMDD). Taking 6 grams of L-tryptophan per day seems to decrease mood swings, tension, and irritability in women with PMDD.
- Seasonal depression (seasonal affective disorder or SAD). Early research suggests L-tryptophan might be helpful in SAD.
- A sleep disorder in which people temporarily stop breathing while asleep (sleep apnea). There is some evidence that taking L-tryptophan might decrease episodes in some people with a certain form of this condition, called obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
- Quitting smoking. Taking L-tryptophan along with conventional treatment might help some people to quit smoking.
- Decline in memory and thinking skills in older people that is more than what is normal for their age.
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
- Tourette syndrome.
- Other conditions.
There isn't enough reliable information to know if L-tryptophan is safe when taken by mouth long-term.
Special Precautions and Warnings
Medications for depression (Antidepressant drugs) interacts with L-TRYPTOPHAN
L-tryptophan increases a brain chemical called serotonin. Some medications for depression also increase the brain chemical serotonin. Taking L-tryptophan along with these medications for depression might increase serotonin too much and cause serious side effects including heart problems, shivering, and anxiety. Do not take L-tryptophan if you are taking medications for depression.
Some of these medications for depression include fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft), amitriptyline (Elavil), clomipramine (Anafranil), imipramine (Tofranil), and others.
Medications for depression (MAOIs) interacts with L-TRYPTOPHAN
L-tryptophan increases a chemical in the brain. This chemical is called serotonin. Some medications used for depression also increase serotonin. Taking L-tryptophan with these medications used for depression might cause there to be too much serotonin. This could cause serious side effects including heart problems, shivering, and anxiety.
Some of these medications used for depression include phenelzine (Nardil), tranylcypromine (Parnate), and others.
Sedative medications (CNS depressants) interacts with L-TRYPTOPHAN
L-tryptophan might cause sleepiness and drowsiness. Medications that cause sleepiness are called sedatives. Taking L-tryptophan along with sedative medications might cause too much sleepiness.
Some sedative medications include clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), phenobarbital (Donnatal), zolpidem (Ambien), and others.
Do not take this combination
Dextromethorphan (Robitussin DM, and others) interacts with L-TRYPTOPHAN
L-Tryptophan can affect a brain chemical called serotonin. Dextromethorphan (Robitussin DM, others) can also affect serotonin. Taking L-tryptophan along with dextromethorphan (Robitussin DM, others), might cause there to be too much serotonin in the brain and serious side effects including heart problems, shivering and anxiety could occur. Do not take L-tryptophan if you are taking dextromethorphan (Robitussin DM, others).
Meperidine (Demerol) interacts with L-TRYPTOPHAN
L-tryptophan increases a chemical in the brain called serotonin. Meperidine (Demerol) can also increase serotonin in the brain. Taking L-tryptophan along with meperidine (Demerol) might cause too much serotonin in the brain and serious side effects including heart problems, shivering, and anxiety.
Pentazocine (Talwin) interacts with L-TRYPTOPHAN
L-tryptophan increases a brain chemical called serotonin. Pentazocine (Talwin) also increases serotonin. Taking L-tryptophan along with pentazocine (Talwin) might cause serious side effects including heart problems, shivering, and anxiety. Do not take L-tryptophan if you are taking pentazocine (Talwin).
Phenothiazines interacts with L-TRYPTOPHAN
Taking L-tryptophan with phenothiazines can cause serious side effects including movement disorders.
Some phenothiazines include chlorpromazine (Thorazine), fluphenazine (Prolixin), trifluoperazine (Stelazine), thioridazine (Mellaril), and others.
Sedative medications (Benzodiazepines) interacts with L-TRYPTOPHAN
Sedative medications can affect the nervous system. L-tryptophan can also affect the nervous system. Taking L-tryptophan along with sedative medications can cause serious side effects. Do not take L-tryptophan if you are taking sedative medications.
Some of these sedative medications include clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), and others.
Tramadol (Ultram) interacts with L-TRYPTOPHAN
Tramadol (Ultram) can affect a chemical in the brain called serotonin. L-tryptophan can also affect serotonin. Taking L-tryptophan along with tramadol (Ultram) might cause too much serotonin in the brain and side effects including confusion, shivering, and stiff muscles could result.
Be cautious with this combination
The appropriate dose of L-tryptophan depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for L-tryptophan. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.
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