Celidonia Menor, Éclairette, Épinard des Bûcherons, Faux Bouton d'Or, Ficaire, Ficaire Fausse Renoncule, Ficaria, Ficaria Grandiflora, Ficaria Ranunculoides, Ficaria Verna, Fig Buttercup, Figwort, Grenouillette, Herbe au Fic, Herbe aux Hémorroïdes, Oreillette, Petite Chélidoine, Petite Éclaire, Petite Scrofulaire, Pilewort, Pot-au-Beurre, Ranunculus, Ranunculus ficaria, Renoncule Ficaire, Scurvywort, Smallwort.


Overview Information

Lesser celandine is a plant. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine.

Despite some safety concerns, people take lesser celandine by mouth for hemorrhoids and scurvy, a condition caused by lack of vitamin C.

Lesser celandine is sometime applied directly to the skin for bleeding wounds and gums, swollen joints, warts, scratches, and hemorrhoids.

In food, fresh leaves of lesser celandine are sometimes used in salads.

Don't confuse lesser celandine with greater celandine (Chelidonium majus) or jewelweed, otherwise known as wild celandine. Also, don't confuse lesser celandine with Scrophularia nodosa, since both are sometimes called figwort; or with amaranth and bulbous buttercup, since these are also known as pilewort.

How does it work?

Lesser celandine contains vitamin C. It also contains chemicals that have a drying effect, can soothe mucous membranes, and cause skin irritation. Some researchers think that chemicals in lesser celandine might kill or prevent the growth of bacteria and fungus. Other chemicals might help treat hemorrhoids.


Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Bleeding gums.
  • Bleeding wounds.
  • Hemorrhoids.
  • Scratches.
  • Scurvy.
  • Swollen joints.
  • Warts.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of lesser celandine for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Eating small amounts of fresh leaf sheaths of lesser celandine is POSSIBLY SAFE.

However, lesser celandine is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when fresh parts of the plant are used on skin. Putting lesser celandine on the skin can cause mucous membrane and skin irritation. The fresh, bruised plant can cause blisters if it is in contact with the skin long enough.

Lesser celandine is LIKELY UNSAFE when fresh plant parts besides the leaf sheaths are taken by mouth. Taking it by mouth can cause side effects such as severe irritation of the stomach and intestines, diarrhea, and irritation of the urinary tract. Liver damage has also been reported.

It is not known if taking dried lesser celandine or lesser celandine extract is safe.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: It's LIKELY UNSAFE to take lesser celandine by mouth if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Don't use it.



We currently have no information for LESSER CELANDINE Interactions.



The appropriate dose of lesser celandine depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for lesser celandine. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References


  • Cooley, N. M., Holmes, M. G., and Attridge, T. H. Growth and stomatal responses of temperate meadow species to enhanced levels of UV-A and UV-B+A radiation in the natural environment. J Photochem.Photobiol.B 2000;57(2-3):179-185. View abstract.
  • Strahl S, Ehret V, Dahm HH, Maier KP. [Necrotizing hepatitis after taking herbal medication]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 1998;123:1410-4. View abstract.
  • Yilmaz B, Yilmaz B, Aktas B, Unlu O, Roach EC. Lesser celandine (pilewort) induced acute toxic liver injury: The first case report worldwide. World J Hepatol. 2015;7(2):285-8. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2018.