MYRRH

OTHER NAME(S):

Abyssinian Myrrh, African Myrrh, Amyris kataf, Arabian Myrrh, Bal, Balsamodendron Myrrha, Balsamodendrum habessinicum, Balsamodendrum myrrha, Bdellium, Bol, Bola, Commiphora, Commiphora abyssinica, Commiphora erythraea, Commiphora habessinica, Commiphora kataf, Commiphora madagascariensis, Commiphora molmol, Commiphora myrrha, Common Myrrh, Didin, Didthin, Gomme de Myrrhe, Gum Myrrh, Heerabol, Hemprichia erythraea, Mirra, Mirrh, Mo Yao, Murrah, Myrrh Gum, Myrrha, Myrrhe, Myrrhe Africaine, Myrrhe Am&egrave;re, Myrrhe d’Arabie, Myrrhe Bisabol, Myrrhe Douce, Myrrhe de Somalie, Myrrhe du Yémen, Opopanax, Resina Commiphorae, Somalien Myrrh, Yemen Myrrh.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Myrrh is a sap-like substance (resin) that comes out of cuts in the bark of trees that are members of the Commiphora species. Commiphora mukul, a related species, is not a source of myrrh. Myrrh is used to make medicine.

Myrrh is used for indigestion, ulcers, colds, cough, asthma, lung congestion, arthritis pain, cancer, leprosy, spasms, and syphilis. It is also used as a stimulant and to increase menstrual flow.

Myrrh is applied directly to the mouth for soreness and swelling, inflamed gums (gingivitis), loose teeth, canker sores, bad breath, and chapped lips. It is also used topically for hemorrhoids, bedsores, wounds, abrasions, and boils.

In foods and beverages, myrrh is used as a flavoring component.

In manufacturing, myrrh is used as a fragrance, in incense, and as a fixative in cosmetics. It is also used in embalming.

How does it work?

Myrrh can help decrease swelling (inflammation) and kill bacteria.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Indigestion.
  • Ulcers.
  • Colds.
  • Cough.
  • Asthma.
  • Congestion.
  • Joint pain.
  • Hemorrhoids.
  • Bad breath.
  • Sore mouth or throat.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of myrrh for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Myrrh seems safe for most people when used in small amounts. It can cause some side effects such as skin rash if applied directly to the skin, and diarrhea if taken by mouth.

Large doses may be UNSAFE. Amounts greater than 2-4 grams can cause kidney irritation and heart rate changes.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Taking myrrh by mouth during pregnancy is UNSAFE and should be avoided. Myrrh can stimulate the uterus and might cause a miscarriage. There isn’t enough information to rate the safety of using myrrh on the skin during pregnancy, so until more is known, it’s best to avoid this use.

Breast-feeding mothers should also avoid using myrrh. Not enough is known about the safety of using myrrh when breast-feeding.

Diabetes: Myrrh might lower blood sugar. There is a concern that if it is used along with medications that lower blood sugar, blood sugar might drop too low. If you use myrrh as well as medications for diabetes, monitor your blood sugar carefully.

Fever: Myrrh might make a fever worse. Use with caution.

Heart problems: Large amounts of myrrh can affect heart rate. If you have a heart condition, get your healthcare provider’s advice before starting myrrh.

Surgery: Since myrrh might affect blood glucose levels, there is a concern that it might interfere with blood glucose control during and after surgery. Stop using myrrh at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Systemic inflammation: If you have systemic inflammation, use myrrh with caution, since it might make this condition worse.

Uterine bleeding: Myrrh seems to be able to stimulate uterine bleeding, which is why some women use it to start their menstrual periods. If you have a uterine bleeding condition, use myrrh with caution, since it might make this condition worse.

Interactions

Interactions?

Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination

!
  • Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) interacts with MYRRH

    Myrrh might decrease blood sugar. Diabetes medications are also used to lower blood sugar. Taking myrrh along with diabetes medications might cause your blood sugar to go too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely. The dose of your diabetes medication might need to be changed.<br><nb>Some medications used for diabetes include glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol), tolbutamide (Orinase), and others.

  • Warfarin (Coumadin) interacts with MYRRH

    Warfarin (Coumadin) is used to slow blood clotting. Taking myrrh might decrease how well warfarin (Coumadin) works to slow blood clotting. This could increase the chance of blood clotting.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of myrrh depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for myrrh. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Abo-Madyan AA, Morsy TA, Motawea SM, Morsy AT. Clinical trial of mirazid in treatment of human fascioliasis, Ezbet El-Bakly (Tamyia Center) Al-Fayoum Governorate. J Egypt Soc Parasitol 2004 Dec; 34 (3):807-18. View abstract.
  • Al Faraj S. Antagonism of the anticoagulant effect of warfarin caused by the use of Commiphora molmol as a herbal medication: a case report. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 2005;99:219-20. View abstract.
  • al-Harbi MM, Qureshi S, Raza M, et al. Anticarcinogenic effect of Commiphora molmol on solid tumors induced by Ehrlich carcinoma cells in mice. Chemotherapy 1994:40:337-47. View abstract.
  • al-Harbi MM, Qureshi S, Raza M, et al. Gastric antiulcer and cytoprotective effect of Commiphora molmol in rats. J Ethnopharmacol 1997;55:141-50. View abstract.
  • Al-Jaroudi D, Kaddour O, Al-Amin N. Risks of myrrh use in pregnancy. JBRA Assist Reprod 2016;20(4):257-8. View abstract.
  • Barakat R, Elmorshedy H, Fenwick A. Efficacy of myrrh in the treatment of human Schistosomiasis mansoni. Am J trop Med Hyg 2005 Aug;73(2):365-7. View abstract.
  • Baral S, Cho DH, Pariyar R, et al. The ameliorating effect of myrrh on scopolamine-induced memory impairments in mice. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2015;2015:925432. View abstract.
  • Bostros S, Sayed, H, El-Dusoki H, Sabry H, Rabie I, et al. Efficacy of mirazid in comparison with praziquantel in Egyptian Schistosoma mansoni-inefcted school children and households. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2005 Feb; 72(2):119-23. View abstract.
  • Chen Y, Zhou C, Ge Z, et al. Composition and potential anticancer activities of essential oils obtained from myrrh and frankincense. Oncol Lett 2013;6(4):1140-6. View abstract.
  • Danso-Appiah A, Olliaro PL, Donegan S, Sinclair D, Utzinger J. Drugs for treating Schistosoma mansoni infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013 Feb 28; (2). View abstract.
  • Dolara P, Corte B, Ghelardini C, et al. Local anesthetic, antibacterial and antifungal properties of sesquiterpenes from myrrh. Planta Med 2000;66(4):356-8. View abstract.
  • El-Sherbiny GM, El Sherbiny ET. The effect of Commiphora molmol (Myrrh) in treatment of trichomoniasis vaginalis infection. Iran Red Crescent Med J 2011;13(7):480-6. View abstract.
  • Langhorst J, Varnhagen I, Schneider SB, et al. Randomised clinical trial: a herbal preparation of myrrh, chamomile and coffee charcoal compared with mesalazine in maintaining remission in ulcerative colitis-a double-blind, double-dummy study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2013;38(5):490-500. View abstract.
  • Massoud AM, Hafez AO, Abdel-Gawad AG, El-shasly AM, Morsy TA. Mirazid alone or combined with paramomycin in treating cryptosporidiosis parvum in immunocompetent hospitalized patients. J Egypt Soc Parasitol 2008 Aug; 38(2):399-418. View abstract.
  • Massoud AM, Shalaby HA, El Khateeb RM, et al. Effects of Mirazid and myrrh volatile oil on adult Fasciola gigantica under laboratory conditions. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2012;2(11):875-84. View abstract.
  • Massoud AM, Shalaby HA, El Khateeb RM, et al. Tegumental histoligical effects of Mirazid and myrrh volatile oil on adult Fasciola gigantica. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2013;3(6):501-4. View abstract.
  • Osman MM, El-Taweel HA, Shehab AY, Farag HF. Ineffectiveness of myrrh-derivative Mirazid against schistosomiasis and fascioliasis in humans. East Mediterr Health J. 2010 Sept; 16(9):932-6. View abstract.
  • Shalaby MA, Hammouda AA. Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperlipidemic activities of Commiphora molmol extract (Myrrh). J Intercult Ethnopharmacol 2014;3(2):56-62. View abstract.
  • Su S, Wang T, Duan JA, et al. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of different extracts of Commiphora myrrha. J Ethnopharmacol 2011;134(2):251-8. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2018.