Anis, Anís, Anis Vert, Aniseed, Anise Essential Oil, Anise Oil, Anisi Fructus, Dohn-e-Anisoon, Graine d'Anis Vert, Green Anise, Huile Essentielle d'Anis, Phytoestrogen, Phyto-Œstrogène, Pimpinella anisum, Pinella, Semen Anisi, Shatpushpa, Sweet Cumin, Velaiti Saunf.
Overview InformationAnise is an herb. The seed and oil are used to make medicine. Less commonly, the root and leaf are used to make medicine as well. Do not confuse anise with other herbs called star anise or fennel. These are sometimes called anise.
Anise is used for upset stomach, intestinal gas, runny nose, and as an expectorant to increase productive cough. It is also used to increase urination and to stimulate the appetite. Women use anise to increase milk flow when nursing, start menstruation, treat menstrual discomfort or pain, ease childbirth, and increase sex drive. Men use anise to treat symptoms of "male menopause." Other uses include treatment of seizures, nicotine dependence, trouble sleeping (insomnia), asthma, diabetes, and constipation.
Some people apply anise directly to the skin to treat lice, scabies, and psoriasis.
As aromatherapy, anise is used for nausea.
In foods, anise is used as a flavoring agent. It has a sweet, aromatic taste that resembles the taste of black licorice. It is commonly used in alcohols and liqueurs, such as anisette and ouzo. Anise is also used in dairy products, gelatins, meats, candies, and breath fresheners.
In manufacturing, anise is often used as a fragrance in soap, creams, perfumes, and sachets.
How does it work?There are chemicals in anise that may have estrogen-like effects. Chemicals in anise may also act as insecticides and decrease swelling or inflammation.
Uses & Effectiveness
Possibly Effective for
- Indigestion (dyspepsia). Some research shows that taking anise powder daily for 4 weeks reduces stomach discomfort, bloating, and pain following a meal in people who have indigestion after eating.
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Some research shows that taking a capsule containing anise oil daily reduces pain and bloating in people with IBS.
Insufficient Evidence for
- Asthma. Early research shows that drinking one cup of a tea containing anise and multiple other ingredients reduces coughing and sleep discomfort in people with allergic asthma.
- Constipation. Early research shows that drinking an herbal tea containing anise, fennel, elderberry, and senna daily for 5 days improves constipation in some people.
- Depression. Some research shows that taking a capsule containing anise oil daily for 4 weeks improves feelings of depression in people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
- Diabetes. Early research shows that taking anise seed powder daily for 2 months lowers blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.
- Lice. Early research shows that applying a spray containing anise oil, coconut oil, and ylang ylang oil to the scalp helps to get rid of head lice. The effect of this combination spray appears to be comparable to a spray containing the chemicals permethrin, malathion, piperonyl, butoxide, and isododecane.
- Hot flashes. Early research shows that taking anise seed extract daily for 4 weeks reduces how often menopausal women get hot flashes.
- Starting menstrual periods.
- Increasing breast milk.
- Increasing sex drive.
- Other conditions.
Side Effects & SafetyAnise is LIKELY SAFE for most adults when taken by mouth in amounts typically found in foods. Anise powder and oil are POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth as medicine for up to 4 weeks.
Special Precautions & Warnings:Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Anise is LIKELY SAFE for pregnant and breast-feeding women when used as part of a normal diet. It's not known whether it's safe to use anise in larger medicinal amounts during pregnancy or when breast-feeding. Stick to food amounts.
Children: Anise is LIKELY SAFE for most children when taken by mouth in amounts typically found in foods. It is POSSIBLY SAFE when applied to the scalp in combination with other herbs, short-term. There isn't enough information available to know if anise is safe to take by mouth in medicinal amounts.
Allergies: Anise might cause allergic reactions in some people who are allergic to other plants that are similar to anise. Plants that are similar to anise include asparagus, caraway, celery, coriander, cumin, dill, and fennel.
Diabetes: Anise might lower blood sugar. Watch for signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and monitor your blood sugar carefully if you have diabetes and use anise.
Hormone-sensitive condition such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids: Anise might act like estrogen. If you have any condition that might be made worse by exposure to estrogen, don't use anise.
Surgery: Anise might lower blood sugar levels. There is some concern that it might interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery. Stop using anise at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.
Be cautious with this combination
Birth control pills (Contraceptive drugs) interacts with ANISE
Some birth control pills contain estrogen. Anise might have some of the same effects as estrogen. But anise isn't as strong as the estrogen in birth control pills. Taking anise along with birth control pills might decrease the effectiveness of birth control pills. If you take birth control pills along with anise, use an additional form of birth control such as a condom.
Some birth control pills include ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (Triphasil), ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone (Ortho-Novum 1/35, Ortho-Novum 7/7/7), and others.
Estrogens interacts with ANISE
Large amounts of anise might have some of the same effects as estrogen. But large amounts of anise aren't as strong as estrogen pills. Taking anise along with estrogen pills might decrease the effects of estrogen pills.
Some estrogen pills include conjugated equine estrogens (Premarin), ethinyl estradiol, estradiol, and others.
Tamoxifen (Nolvadex) interacts with ANISE
Some types of cancer are affected by hormones in the body. Estrogen-sensitive cancers are cancers that are affected by estrogen levels in the body. Tamoxifen (Nolvadex) is used to help treat and prevent these types of cancer. Anise seems to also affect estrogen levels in the body. By affecting estrogen in the body, anise might decrease the effectiveness of tamoxifen (Nolvadex). Do not take anise if you are taking tamoxifen (Nolvadex).
The following doses have been studied in scientific research:
- For indigestion (dyspepsia): 9 grams of anise powder daily for 4 weeks.
- For irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): 200 mg of anise oil in a special, coated capsule, taken three times daily for 4 weeks.
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