CARDAMOM

OTHER NAME(S):

Amomum cardamomum, Bai Dou Kou, Cardamome, Cardamome de Malabar, Cardamome Verte, Cardamom Essential Oil, Cardamomo, Cardamon, Cardomom, Cardomomier, Cardomomi Fructus, Dou Kou Hua, Ela, Elaichi, Elettaria cardamomum, Green Cardamom, Huile Essentielle de Cardamome, Indian Cardamom, Kardamomen, Kardamompflanze, Lesser Cardamom, Malabar Cardamom, Mysore Cardamom, Small Cardamom, True Cardamom.

Overview

Overview Information

Cardamom is an herb. The seeds and the oil from the seeds are used to make medicine.

Cardamom is used for build up of fat in the liver in people who drink little or no alcohol (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or NAFLD), diabetes, and high cholesterol, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

In foods, cardamom is used as a spice. It is also used in soaps, creams, and perfumes.

How does it work?

Cardamom contains chemicals that might treat intestinal spasms, kill some bacteria, reduce swelling, and help the immune system.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Effective for

  • Build up of fat in the liver in people who drink little or no alcohol (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or NAFLD). Some research shows that taking cardamom daily for 3 months can improve liver health in some people with NAFLD.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Diabetes. The research for using cardamom in diabetes is not clear. One large study shows that taking cardamom might lower blood sugar and blood fats called triglycerides. But not all research agrees. Also, it doesn't seem to lower levels of blood sugar when someone hasn't eaten (fasting levels) or to help with blood pressure or body weight.
  • High levels of cholesterol or other fats (lipids) in the blood (hyperlipidemia). Most research shows that taking cardamom doesn't lower cholesterol levels in the blood.
  • High blood pressure. Early research shows that taking cardamom by mouth might help reduce blood pressure in people with untreated high blood pressure.
  • Obesity. In overweight people with diabetes, early research shows that taking cardamom doesn't help with weight loss.
  • Bronchitis.
  • Common cold and other infections.
  • Constipation.
  • Cough.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Gallbladder problems.
  • Gas.
  • Headache.
  • Heartburn.
  • Intestinal spasms.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
  • Liver problems.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Nausea and vomiting after surgery.
  • Sore mouth and throat.
  • Urinary problems.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of cardamom for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: Cardamom is LIKELY SAFE when taken in amounts commonly found in food. It is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken in the larger amounts found in medicine.

When inhaled: It is POSSIBLY SAFE to breathe the vapor from cardamom essential oil as aromatherapy.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Cardamom is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth as a medicine during pregnancy. There is concern that taking cardamom might cause a miscarriage. There isn't enough reliable information to know if cardamom is safe to use when breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and stick to food amounts.

Gallstones: If you have gallstones, do not take cardamom in amounts greater than those typically found in food. The cardamom seed can trigger gallstone colic (spasmodic pain).

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for CARDAMOM Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

BY MOUTH:

  • For build up of fat in the liver in people who drink little or no alcohol (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or NAFLD): 1 gram of cardamom powder three times daily for 3 months.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Suneetha, W. J. and Krishnakantha, T. P. Cardamom extract as inhibitor of human platelet aggregation. Phytother.Res 2005;19(5):437-440. View abstract.
  • Aghasi M, Koohdani F, Qorbani M, et al. Beneficial effects of green cardamom on serum SIRT1, glycemic indices and triglyceride levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized double-blind placebo controlled clinical trial. J Sci Food Agric. 2019;99(8):3933-3940. View abstract.
  • Azimi P, Ghiasvand R Feizi A, Hariri M, Abbasi B. Effects of cinnamon, cardamom, saffron, and ginger consumption on markers of glycemic control, lipid profile, oxidative stress, and inflammation in type 2 diabetes. Rev Diabet Stud. 2014 Fall-Winter;11(3-4):258-66. View abstract.
  • Azimi P, Ghiasvand R, Feizi A, et al. Effect of cinnamon, cardamom, saffron and ginger consumption on blood pressure and a marker of endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Blood Press. 2016;25(3):133-40. View abstract.
  • Bhaswant M, Poudyal H, Mathai ML, et al. Green and black cardamom in a diet-induced rat model of metabolic syndrome. Nutrients 2015;7(9):7691-707. View abstract.
  • Daneshi-Maskooni M, Keshavarz SA, Qorbani M, et al. Green cardamom supplementation improves serum irisin, glucose indices, and lipid profiles in overweight or obese non-alcoholic fatty liver disease patients: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2019;19(1):59. View abstract.
  • Ding MH, Zhang H, Li Y. [A randomized controlled study on warming needle moxibustion for treatment of knee osteoarthritis]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2009;29(8):603-7. View abstract.
  • Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21. Part 182 -- Substances Generally Recognized As Safe. Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=182
  • Ferrara P, Bersani I, Bottaro G, et al. Cardamom ingestion as a possible cause of hematuria. Ind J Pediatr 2011;78(10):1296. View abstract.
  • Hunt R, Dienemann J, Norton HJ, et al. Aromatherapy as treatment for postoperative nausea: a randomized trial. Anesth Analg 2013;117(3):597-604. View abstract.
  • Qiblawi S, Al-Hazimi A, Al-Mogbel M, et al. Chemopreventive effects of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum L) on chemically induced skin carcinogenesis in Swiss albino mice. J Med Food 2012;15(6):576-80. View abstract.
  • Rahman MM, Alam MN, Ulla A, et al. Cardamom powder supplementation prevents obesity, improves glucose intolerance, inflammation and oxidative stress in liver of high carbohydrate high fat diet induced obese rats. Lipids in Health and Disease 2017;16:151. View abstract.
  • Ravindran PN, Madhusoodanan KJ (eds). Cardamom: The genus Ellettaria. New York: Taylor and Francis, 2002.
  • Shekarchizadeh-Esfahani P, Arab A, Ghaedi E, Hadi A, Jalili C. Effects of cardamom supplementation on lipid profile: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials. Phytother Res. 2020;34(3):475-485. View abstract.
  • Thornton SL, Darracq M, Lo J, et al. Castor bean seed ingestions: a state-wide poison control system's experience. Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2014;52(4):265-8. View abstract.
  • Verma SK, Jain V, Katewa SS. Blood pressure lowering, fibrinolysis enhancing and antioxidant activities of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum). Ind J Biochem Biophys 2009;46(6):503-6. View abstract.
  • al Zuhair, H., el Sayeh, B., Ameen, H. A., and al Shoora, H. Pharmacological studies of cardamom oil in animals. Pharmacol.Res 1996;34(1-2):79-82. View abstract.
  • de Pradier E. A trial of a mixture of three essential oils in the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting. International Journal of Aromatherapy 2006;16(1):15-20.
  • El Tahir KE, Shoeb H, and et al. Exploration of some pharmacological activities of cardamom seed(Elettaria cardamomum) volatile oil. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal (Saudi Arabia) 1997;5:96-102.
  • Elgayyar, M., Draughon, F. A., Golden, D. A., and Mount, J. R. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms. J Food Prot. 2001;64(7):1019-1024. View abstract.
  • Gilani, A. H., Jabeen, Q., Khan, A. U., and Shah, A. J. Gut modulatory, blood pressure lowering, diuretic and sedative activities of cardamom. J Ethnopharmacol. 2-12-2008;115(3):463-472. View abstract.
  • Govindarajan, V. S., Narasimhan, S., Raghuveer, K. G., and Lewis, Y. S. Cardamom--production, technology, chemistry, and quality. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 1982;16(3):229-326. View abstract.
  • Lawrence, H. A. and Palombo, E. A. Activity of essential oils against Bacillus subtilis spores. J Microbiol.Biotechnol. 2009;19(12):1590-1595. View abstract.
  • Mahady, G. B., Pendland, S. L., Stoia, A., Hamill, F. A., Fabricant, D., Dietz, B. M., and Chadwick, L. R. In vitro susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori to botanical extracts used traditionally for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. Phytother.Res 2005;19(11):988-991. View abstract.
  • Majdalawieh, A. F. and Carr, R. I. In vitro investigation of the potential immunomodulatory and anti-cancer activities of black pepper (Piper nigrum) and cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum). J Med Food 2010;13(2):371-381. View abstract.
  • Marongiu, B., Piras, A., and Porcedda, S. Comparative analysis of the oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton. J Agric.Food Chem. 10-6-2004;52(20):6278-6282. View abstract.
  • Mobacken, H. and Fregert, S. Allergic contact dermatitis from cardamom. Contact Dermatitis 1975;1(3):175-176. View abstract.
  • Nair, S., Nagar, R., and Gupta, R. Antioxidant phenolics and flavonoids in common Indian foods. J Assoc Physicians India 1998;46(8):708-710. View abstract.
  • Sekine, T., Sugano, M., Majid, A., and Fujii, Y. Antifungal effects of volatile compounds from black zira (Bunium persicum) and other spices and herbs. J Chem.Ecol. 2007;33(11):2123-2132. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2018.