CARDAMOM

OTHER NAME(S):

Amomum cardamomum, Bai Dou Kou, Cardamome, Cardamome de Malabar, Cardamome Verte, Cardamom Essential Oil, Cardamomo, Cardamon, Cardomom, Cardomomier, Cardomomi Fructus, Dou Kou Hua, Ela, Elaichi, Elettaria cardamomum, Green Cardamom, Huile Essentielle de Cardamome, Indian Cardamom, Kardamomen, Kardamompflanze, Lesser Cardamom, Malabar Cardamom, Mysore Cardamom, Small Cardamom, True Cardamom.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Cardamom is an herb. The seeds and oil from the seeds are used to make medicine.

Cardamom is used for digestion problems including heartburn, intestinal spasms, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), diarrhea, constipation, liver and gallbladder complaints, and loss of appetite. It is also used for common cold and other infections, cough, bronchitis, sore mouth and throat, urinary problems, epilepsy, headache, and high blood pressure.

In foods, cardamom is used as a spice. It is also used in soaps, creams, and perfumes.

How does it work?

Cardamom contains chemicals that might treat intestinal spasms, kill some bacteria, reduce swelling, and help the immune system.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • High blood pressure. Early research shows that taking cardamom by mouth might help reduce blood pressure in people with newly-diagnosed, untreated high blood pressure.
  • Nausea and vomiting that can occur after surgery. Early research shows that applying a mixture of ginger, cardamom, and tarragon essential oils to the neck after anesthesia and surgery may help relieve nausea and prevent vomiting for up to 30 minutes in some people. However, the effect seems to vary depending on the number of vomit-causing drugs that were given during anesthesia or as pain relievers during and/or after surgery. In other research, breathing in a mixture of cardamom, ginger, spearmint, and peppermint from a gauze pad after minor surgery reduces nausea and the amount of medicine needed to control it.
  • Bronchitis.
  • Common cold and other infections.
  • Constipation.
  • Cough.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Gallbladder problems.
  • Gas.
  • Headache.
  • Heartburn.
  • Intestinal spasms.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
  • Liver problems.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Sore mouth and throat.
  • Urinary problems.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of cardamom for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Cardamom is LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth in amounts commonly found in food. It is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts, or when the vapor from the oil is breathed in, but the potential side effects of cardamom are not known.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Cardamom is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts during pregnancy. There is concern that taking cardamom in amounts larger that food amounts might cause miscarriage. There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking cardamom in medicinal amounts if you are breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and stick to food amounts.

Gallstones: Do not take cardamom in amounts greater than those typically found in food if you have gallstones. The cardamom seed can trigger gallstone colic (spasmodic pain).

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for CARDAMOM Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of cardamom for use as treatment depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for cardamom. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • al Zuhair, H., el Sayeh, B., Ameen, H. A., and al Shoora, H. Pharmacological studies of cardamom oil in animals. Pharmacol.Res 1996;34(1-2):79-82. View abstract.
  • de Pradier E. A trial of a mixture of three essential oils in the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting. International Journal of Aromatherapy 2006;16(1):15-20.
  • El Tahir KE, Shoeb H, and et al. Exploration of some pharmacological activities of cardamom seed(Elettaria cardamomum) volatile oil. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal (Saudi Arabia) 1997;5:96-102.
  • Elgayyar, M., Draughon, F. A., Golden, D. A., and Mount, J. R. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms. J Food Prot. 2001;64(7):1019-1024. View abstract.
  • Gilani, A. H., Jabeen, Q., Khan, A. U., and Shah, A. J. Gut modulatory, blood pressure lowering, diuretic and sedative activities of cardamom. J Ethnopharmacol. 2-12-2008;115(3):463-472. View abstract.
  • Govindarajan, V. S., Narasimhan, S., Raghuveer, K. G., and Lewis, Y. S. Cardamom--production, technology, chemistry, and quality. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 1982;16(3):229-326. View abstract.
  • Lawrence, H. A. and Palombo, E. A. Activity of essential oils against Bacillus subtilis spores. J Microbiol.Biotechnol. 2009;19(12):1590-1595. View abstract.
  • Mahady, G. B., Pendland, S. L., Stoia, A., Hamill, F. A., Fabricant, D., Dietz, B. M., and Chadwick, L. R. In vitro susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori to botanical extracts used traditionally for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. Phytother.Res 2005;19(11):988-991. View abstract.
  • Majdalawieh, A. F. and Carr, R. I. In vitro investigation of the potential immunomodulatory and anti-cancer activities of black pepper (Piper nigrum) and cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum). J Med Food 2010;13(2):371-381. View abstract.
  • Marongiu, B., Piras, A., and Porcedda, S. Comparative analysis of the oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton. J Agric.Food Chem. 10-6-2004;52(20):6278-6282. View abstract.
  • Mobacken, H. and Fregert, S. Allergic contact dermatitis from cardamom. Contact Dermatitis 1975;1(3):175-176. View abstract.
  • Nair, S., Nagar, R., and Gupta, R. Antioxidant phenolics and flavonoids in common Indian foods. J Assoc Physicians India 1998;46(8):708-710. View abstract.
  • Sekine, T., Sugano, M., Majid, A., and Fujii, Y. Antifungal effects of volatile compounds from black zira (Bunium persicum) and other spices and herbs. J Chem.Ecol. 2007;33(11):2123-2132. View abstract.
  • Suneetha, W. J. and Krishnakantha, T. P. Cardamom extract as inhibitor of human platelet aggregation. Phytother.Res 2005;19(5):437-440. View abstract.
  • Bhaswant M, Poudyal H, Mathai ML, et al. Green and black cardamom in a diet-induced rat model of metabolic syndrome. Nutrients 2015;7(9):7691-707. View abstract.
  • Ding MH, Zhang H, Li Y. [A randomized controlled study on warming needle moxibustion for treatment of knee osteoarthritis]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2009;29(8):603-7. View abstract.
  • Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21. Part 182 -- Substances Generally Recognized As Safe. Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=182
  • Ferrara P, Bersani I, Bottaro G, et al. Cardamom ingestion as a possible cause of hematuria. Ind J Pediatr 2011;78(10):1296. View abstract.
  • Hunt R, Dienemann J, Norton HJ, et al. Aromatherapy as treatment for postoperative nausea: a randomized trial. Anesth Analg 2013;117(3):597-604. View abstract.
  • Qiblawi S, Al-Hazimi A, Al-Mogbel M, et al. Chemopreventive effects of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum L) on chemically induced skin carcinogenesis in Swiss albino mice. J Med Food 2012;15(6):576-80. View abstract.
  • Rahman MM, Alam MN, Ulla A, et al. Cardamom powder supplementation prevents obesity, improves glucose intolerance, inflammation and oxidative stress in liver of high carbohydrate high fat diet induced obese rats. Lipids in Health and Disease 2017;16:151. View abstract.
  • Ravindran PN, Madhusoodanan KJ (eds). Cardamom: The genus Ellettaria. New York: Taylor and Francis, 2002.
  • Verma SK, Jain V, Katewa SS. Blood pressure lowering, fibrinolysis enhancing and antioxidant activities of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum). Ind J Biochem Biophys 2009;46(6):503-6. View abstract.

More Resources for CARDAMOM

CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version. © Therapeutic Research Faculty 2009.