Ba Ji Tian, Bois Douleur, Canarywood, Cheese Fruit, Hai Ba Ji, Hawaiian Noni, Hog Apple, Indian Mulberry, Jus de Noni, Luoling, Mengkudu, Menkoedoe, Mora de la India, Morinda, Morinda citrifolia, Mulberry, Mûre Indienne, Nhau, Noni Juice, Nono, Nonu, Pau-Azeitona, Rotten Cheese Fruit, Ruibarbo Caribe, Tahitian Noni Juice, Ura, Wild Pine, Wu Ning, Yor.


Overview Information

Noni is a small evergreen tree found in the Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia, Australia, and India. It often grows among lava flows. Historically, noni was used to make a red or yellow dye for clothing. It has also been used as medicine.

People use noni for cancer, high blood pressure, athletic performance, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. The FDA has issued multiple warnings to noni manufacturers about health claims that aren't supported by research.

How does it work?

Noni contains many substances, including potassium. Some of these substances might help repair damaged cells in the body, activate the immune system, and have other activities.


Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Cancer. Early research suggests that taking 6-8 grams of noni daily might improve physical function, fatigue, and pain in people with advanced cancer.
  • Arthritis of the neck (cervical spondylosis). Early research suggests that taking noni juice while participating in physiotherapy for 4 weeks can improve neck pain and flexibility better than physiotherapy alone. But physiotherapy alone seems to relieve pain and improve flexibility better than noni juice alone.
  • Athletic performance. Early research suggests that drinking a juice containing noni, grapefruit, and blackberry juices for 21 days can increase exercise endurance in distance runners.
  • Hearing loss. Early research suggests that drinking 4 ounces of noni juice daily for 3 months does not improve hearing in hearing-impaired women.
  • High blood pressure. Early research suggests that drinking 4 ounces of noni juice daily for one month can reduce blood pressure in people with high blood pressure.
  • Skin infection caused by Leishmania parasites (Leishmania lesions). Early research suggests applying an ointment to the skin that contains noni stem might reduce some of the symptoms of this condition.
  • Osteoarthritis. Early research suggests that drinking 3 ounces of noni juice daily for 90 days can reduce the need for pain relievers and improve quality of life in people with osteoarthritis.
  • Nausea and vomiting after surgery. Some research shows that noni fruit can reduce nausea after surgery. But it doesn't seem to reduce vomiting.
  • Aging.
  • Aging skin .
  • Asthma.
  • Burns.
  • Cataracts.
  • Childbirth.
  • Common cold.
  • Cough.
  • Depression.
  • Diabetes.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Excessive crying in infants (colic).
  • Fever.
  • Hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis).
  • Headache.
  • Heart disease.
  • Indigestion (dyspepsia).
  • Infections of the kidney, bladder, or urethra (urinary tract infections or UTIs).
  • Insomnia.
  • Leprosy.
  • Liver disease.
  • Malaria.
  • Migraine.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Pain.
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
  • Seizure disorder (epilepsy).
  • Stimulating menstrual flow.
  • Stomach ulcers.
  • Stroke.
  • Wound healing.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate noni for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: Noni is POSSIBLY SAFE for most adults. Consuming dried noni fruit might cause some stomach discomfort. There are also several reports of liver damage in people who consumed noni tea or juice for several weeks. It isn't clear if noni was the cause of these side effects.

When applied to the skin: Noni is POSSIBLY SAFE for most adults when used in an ointment.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Noni is POSSIBLY UNSAFE to take when pregnant. Historically, noni has been used to cause abortions. There isn't enough reliable information to know if noni is safe to use when breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Kidney disease: Noni contains large amounts of potassium. This can be a problem, especially for people with kidney disease. Don't use noni if you have kidney problems.

High potassium levels: Drinking noni fruit juice might increase potassium levels in the blood and make them too high, especially in people who already have high levels.

Liver disease: Noni has been linked to several cases of liver damage. Avoid using noni if you have liver disease.



Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination

  • Medications for high blood pressure (ACE inhibitors) interacts with NONI

    Some medications for high blood pressure can increase potassium levels in the blood. Consuming noni juice along with these medications for high blood pressure might cause too much potassium in the blood.

    Some medications for high blood pressure include captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril), ramipril (Altace), and others.

  • Medications for high blood pressure (Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)) interacts with NONI

    Some medications for high blood pressure can increase potassium levels in the blood. Consuming noni juice along with these medications for high blood pressure might cause too much potassium to be in the blood.

    Some medications for high blood pressure include losartan (Cozaar), valsartan (Diovan), irbesartan (Avapro), candesartan (Atacand), telmisartan (Micardis), eprosartan (Teveten), and others.

  • Medications that can harm the liver (Hepatotoxic drugs) interacts with NONI

    Noni might harm the liver. Taking noni along with medication that might also harm the liver can increase the risk of liver damage. Do not take noni if you are taking a medication that can harm the liver.

    Some medications that can harm the liver include acetaminophen (Tylenol and others), amiodarone (Cordarone), carbamazepine (Tegretol), isoniazid (INH), methotrexate (Rheumatrex), methyldopa (Aldomet), fluconazole (Diflucan), itraconazole (Sporanox), erythromycin (Erythrocin, Ilosone, others), phenytoin (Dilantin), lovastatin (Mevacor), pravastatin (Pravachol), simvastatin (Zocor), and many others.

  • Warfarin (Coumadin) interacts with NONI

    Warfarin (Coumadin) is used to slow blood clotting. Taking noni juice might decrease how well warfarin (Coumadin) works to slow blood clotting. This could increase the chance of blood clotting.

  • Water pills (Potassium-sparing diuretics) interacts with NONI

    Noni contains large amounts of potassium. Some "water pills" can also increase potassium levels in the body. Taking some "water pills" along with noni might cause too much potassium to be in the body.

    Some "water pills" that increase potassium in the body include amiloride (Midamor), spironolactone (Aldactone), and triamterene (Dyrenium).



The appropriate dose of noni depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for noni. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

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  • Zhang ZQ, Yuan L, Yang M, et al. The effect of Morinda officinalis How, a Chinese traditional medicinal plant, on the DRL 72-s schedule in rats and the forced swimming test in mice. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2002;72:39-43. View abstract.

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