YOGURT

OTHER NAME(S):

Acidophilus Milk, Bulgarian Yogurt, Cultured Milk, Lait Acidophilus, Lait de Culture, Live Culture Yogurt, Probiotic, Probiotique, Yaourt, Yaourt Bulgare, Yaourt de Culture Vivante, Yoghurt, Yogourt, Yogourt Bulgare, Yogourt de Culture Vivante, Yogur.

Overview

Overview Information

Yogurt is a dairy product made by fermenting milk using one or more of a variety of particular bacteria such as Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Enterococcus faecium, Streptococcus thermophilus, and others.

Yogurt is used for constipation, high levels of cholesterol or other fats (lipids) in the blood (hyperlipidemia), vaginal infections, inability to properly digest the sugar lactose (lactose intolerance), and other conditions. More research is needed to support most of its uses.

Yogurt is eaten as a food and used as an alternative to milk in lactose-intolerant individuals.

How does it work?

Some yogurt contains bacteria which may help restore the normal bacteria in the digestive tract and vagina. This might help treat diarrhea and vaginal infections.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Effective for

  • Constipation. Research shows that eating a yogurt with live bacterial cultures (Activia) can increase bowel movements by about one movement per week in people with constipation. It also seems to reduce straining and pain during bowel movements.
  • High levels of cholesterol or other fats (lipids) in the blood (hyperlipidemia). Taking yogurt with live bacterial cultures seems to decrease cholesterol in patients with borderline to moderately high cholesterol levels. This type of yogurt seems to lower total and "bad" low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol but does not raise "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
  • Inability to properly digest the sugar lactose (lactose intolerance). Eating yogurt with live bacterial cultures seems to improve lactose tolerance in children and adults who are unable to fully digest lactose.
  • Vaginal yeast infections. Taking yogurt by mouth seems to prevent vaginal yeast infections. Applying a mixture of yogurt and honey inside the vagina seems to reduce symptoms and help treat vaginal yeast infections.

Possibly Ineffective for

  • Asthma. Eating yogurt along with standard treatment doesn't improve asthma symptoms.
  • Diarrhea in infants and children who are malnourished. Replacing milk formula with yogurt formula doesn't help treat diarrhea in malnourished infants and children.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Diarrhea in people taking antibiotics (antibiotic-associated diarrhea). Eating yogurt enriched with the probiotic Lactobacillus GG seems to decrease symptoms of diarrhea in people taking antibiotics. But eating yogurt with other live bacterial cultures might not prevent diarrhea in people receiving antibiotics.
  • Damage to the stomach and intestines caused by aspirin. A small study shows that eating yogurt with a specific live bacterial culture seems to reduce stomach damage caused by aspirin.
  • Overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina. Eating yogurt enriched with lactobacillus probiotic, along with taking an antibiotic, might help to get rid of bacterial vaginal infections faster than taking the antibiotic alone. Also, eating yogurt enriched with lactobacillus might decrease the risk of developing a new bacterial vaginal infection. There is also some early evidence that pregnant women with bacterial vaginal infections might benefit from applying lactobacillus-containing yogurt inside the vagina.
  • Cancer. People who eat yogurt might have a lower risk of cancer compared to people who don't eat yogurt.
  • Heart disease. Early research found that people who eat more yogurt don't have a lower risk of heart disease.
  • Infection of the gastrointestinal tract by bacteria called Clostridium difficile. Early research shows that drinking yogurt might not help to prevent Clostridium difficile infection in people who are in hospital for a serious illness.
  • Tooth plaque. Early research shows that eating yogurt might prevent plaque build-up in people who do not brush their teeth for 5 days.
  • Diabetes. People who eat yogurt may have a slightly lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared with those who don't yogurt. Eating yogurt might also improve blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes. It might also improve blood sugar control in women who develop diabetes during pregnancy. Best evidence is for yogurt fortified with vitamin D. Yogurt fortified with probiotics doesn't seem to have added benefit.
  • Diarrhea. Yogurt formula given as a replacement for milk formula in infants and young children seems to relieve persistent diarrhea. Eating yogurt that is not enriched with probiotics doesn't seem to relieve sudden diarrhea in young children. But eating yogurt with added probiotic bacteria might help. Yogurt does not seem to prevent diarrhea.
  • A mild form of gum disease (gingivitis). Early research shows that eating yogurt might prevent the gums from becoming red and swollen in people who do not brush their teeth for 5 days.
  • A digestive tract infection that can lead to ulcers (Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori). Adding yogurt that contains Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium probiotics to standard triple-drug treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection might help treat this infection. But results are conflicting. Consuming yogurt without standard triple-drug therapy does not appear to be beneficial.
  • Reduced brain function in people with advanced liver disease (hepatic encephalopathy). Liver damage can lead to loss of mental function. Early research shows that eating a probiotic yogurt daily might reverse the loss of mental function in people with slight loss of brain function due to liver damage.
  • HIV/AIDS. Early research shows that eating yogurt might improve white blood cell counts in HIV/AIDS patients. But conflicting results exist. It's not clear which yogurt product or length of treatment works best.
  • A grouping of symptoms that increase the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke (metabolic syndrome). Early research found that people who eat yogurt every day have a smaller chance of developing metabolic syndrome compared to those who rarely or never eat yogurt.
  • Muscle strength. Early research shows that eating yogurt daily during a strength training program does not increase strength better than strength training alone.
  • Build up of fat in the liver in people who drink little or no alcohol (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or NAFLD). Early research shows that eating probiotic yogurt can help decrease cholesterol and body weight in people with liver disease not caused by alcohol.
  • Obesity. People who eat yogurt might have a lower risk of obesity compared to those who don't eat yogurt. But not all research agrees.
  • Infections of the kidney, bladder, or urethra (urinary tract infections or UTIs). So far, research doesn't offer much support for using yogurt for UTIs. Researchers have found that consuming a yogurt drink containing Lactobacillus does not seem to prevent recurrent UTIs when used up to 6 months in women with a history of UTIs.
  • Preventing colorectal cancer.
  • Preventing sunburns.
  • Treating peptic ulcers.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of yogurt for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: Yogurt is LIKELY SAFE for most adults when taken by mouth. Although uncommon, some people might experience diarrhea, stomach pain, nausea, or vomiting.

When used in the vagina: Yogurt is POSSIBLY SAFE when used in the vagina.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Yogurt is LIKELY SAFE in food amounts when used when pregnant or breast-feeding. Is it POSSIBLY SAFE when used in the vagina when pregnant. Pregnant women involved in a small study reported no side effects. There isn't enough reliable information to know if yogurt is safe to use in the vagina when breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Weakened immune system: There is some concern live bacteria in yogurt might reproduce unchecked, causing illness in people with weakened immune systems, such as people with HIV/AIDS or organ transplant recipients. Lactobacillus in yogurt has caused disease, but rarely, in people with weakened immune systems. To be on the safe side, if you have a weakened immune system, avoid eating large amounts of yogurt that contain live bacteria for prolonged periods of time without advice from your healthcare professional.

Milk allergy: Some children with mild allergies to milk might be able to eat yogurt. But many people allergic to milk will also be allergic to yogurt. If you are allergic to milk, try yogurt cautiously only after discussing with your healthcare professional.

Interactions

Interactions?

Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination

!
  • Antibiotics (Tetracycline antibiotics) interacts with YOGURT

    Yogurt contains calcium. The calcium in yogurt can attach to tetracyclines in the stomach. This decreases the amount of tetracyclines that can be absorbed. Taking calcium with tetracyclines might decrease the effectiveness of tetracyclines. To avoid this interaction take yogurt two hours before or four hours after taking tetracyclines.

    Some tetracyclines include demeclocycline (Declomycin), minocycline (Minocin), and tetracycline (Achromycin).

  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) interacts with YOGURT

    Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) is an antibiotic. Yogurt might decrease how much ciprofloxacin (Cipro) the body absorbs. Taking yogurt along with ciprofloxacin (Cipro) might decrease the effectiveness of ciprofloxacin (Cipro). To avoid this interaction take yogurt at least one hour after ciprofloxacin (Cipro).

  • Medications that decrease the immune system (Immunosuppressants) interacts with YOGURT

    Yogurt contains live bacteria and yeast. The immune system usually controls bacteria and yeast in the body to prevent infections. Medications that decrease the immune system can increase your chances of getting sick from bacteria and yeast. Taking yogurt along with medications that decrease the immune system might increase the chances of getting sick.

    Some medications that decrease the immune system include azathioprine (Imuran), basiliximab (Simulect), cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune), daclizumab (Zenapax), muromonab-CD3 (OKT3, Orthoclone OKT3), mycophenolate (CellCept), tacrolimus (FK506, Prograf), sirolimus (Rapamune), prednisone (Deltasone, Orasone), corticosteroids (glucocorticoids), and others.

Dosing

Dosing

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

ADULTS

BY MOUTH:

  • For constipation: A probiotic yogurt (Activia) 125 grams twice daily for two weeks.
  • For high levels of cholesterol or other fats (lipids) in the blood (hyperlipidemia): Several different doses have been tried depending on the preparation. A typical dose of 200 mL of yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus per day has been used. A combination product of 125 mL Lactobacillus acidophilus yogurt with 2.5% fructo-oligosaccharides three times daily has also been used. A dose of 450 mL daily of yogurt containing the Causido culture (which contains Enterococcus faecium and two strains of Streptococcus bacteria) has also been used.
  • For inability to properly digest the sugar lactose (lactose intolerance): 500 grams of yogurt daily for 15 days.
  • For vaginal yeast infections: Typical doses are 8 ounces or 150 mL Lactobacillus acidophilus yogurt per day for 4-6 months.
IN THE VAGINA:
  • For vaginal yeast infections: A small amount of a honey and yogurt mixture has been placed in the vagina every day for 7 days.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Adolfsson O, Meydani SN, Russell RM. Yogurt and gut function. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80:245-56. View abstract.
  • Agerholm-Larsen L, Raben A, Haulrik N, et al. Effect of 8 week intake of probiotic milk products on risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Eur J Clin Nutr 2000;54:288-97. View abstract.
  • Alberda C, Marcushamer S, Hewer T, Journault N, Kutsogiannis D. Feasibility of a Lactobacillus casei drink in the intensive care unit for prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhea and Clostridium difficile. Nutrients. 2018;10(5). pii: E539. View abstract.
  • Anderson JW, Gilliland SE. Effect of fermented milk (yogurt) containing Lactobacillus acidophilus L1 on serum cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic humans. J Am Coll Nutr 1999;18:43-50. View abstract.
  • Anon. Yogurt cuts down diarrhea. HealthNews, November 1999.
  • Anukam KC, Osazuwa EO, Osadolor HB, Bruce AW, Reid G. Yogurt containing probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14 helps resolve moderate diarrhea and increases CD4 count in HIV/AIDS patients. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2008 Mar;42(3):239-43. View abstract.
  • Ataie-Jafari A, Larijani B, Alavi Majd H, Tahbaz F. Cholesterol-lowering effect of probiotic yogurt in comparison with ordinary yogurt in mildly to moderately hypercholesterolemic subjects. Ann Nutr Metab. 2009;54(1):22-7. View abstract.
  • Babio N, Becerra-Tomás N, Martínez-González MÁ, et al. Consumption of Yogurt, Low-Fat Milk, and Other Low-Fat Dairy Products Is Associated with Lower Risk of Metabolic Syndrome Incidence in an Elderly Mediterranean Population.J Nutr. 2015 Oct;145(10):2308-16. View abstract.
  • Bajaj JS, Saeian K, Christensen KM, et al. Probiotic yogurt for the treatment of minimal hepatic encephalopathy. Am J Gastroenterol. 2008;103(7):1707-15. View abstract.
  • Barengolts E, Smith ED, Reutrakul S, Tonucci L, Anothaisintawee T. The effect of probiotic yogurt on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes or obesity: A meta-analysis of nine randomized controlled trials. Nutrients. 2019;11(3). pii: E671. View abstract.
  • Bhatnagar S, Singh KD, Sazawal S, et al. Efficacy of milk versus yogurt offered as part of a mixed diet in acute noncholera diarrhea among malnourished children. J Pediatr 1998;132:999-1003. View abstract.
  • Boudraa G, Touhami M, Pochart P, et al. Effect of feeding yogurt versus milk in children with persistent diarrhea. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 1990;11:509-12. View abstract.
  • Conway S, Hart A, Clark A, Harvey I. Does eating yogurt prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhoea? A placebo-controlled randomised controlled trial in general practice. Br J Gen Pract. 2007;57(545):953-9. View abstract.
  • Darvishi M, Jahdi F, Hamzegardeshi Z, Goodarzi S, Vahedi M. The Comparison of vaginal cream of mixing yogurt, honey and clotrimazole on symptoms of vaginal candidiasis. Glob J Health Sci. 2015 Apr 3;7(6):108-16. View abstract.
  • De Paula JA, Carmuega E, Weill R. Effect of the ingestion of a symbiotic yogurt on the bowel habits of women with functional constipation. Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam. 2008;38(1):16-25. View abstract.
  • de Vrese M, Stegelmann A, Richter B, et al. Probiotics--compensation for lactase insufficiency. Am J Clin Nutr 2001;73:421S-9S. View abstract.
  • Deplancke B, Gaskins HR. Microbial modulation of innate defense: goblet cells and the intestinal mucus layer. Am J Clin Nutr 2001;73:1131S-41S. View abstract.
  • Ejtahed HS, Mohtadi-Nia J, Homayouni-Rad A, Niafar M, Asghari-Jafarabadi M, Mofid V, Akbarian-Moghari A. Effect of probiotic yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium lactis on lipid profile in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Dairy Sci. 2011 Jul;94(7):3288-94. View abstract.
  • Elmadfa I, Heinzle C, Majchrzak D, Foissy H. Influence of a probiotic yoghurt on the status of vitamins B(1), B(2) and B(6) in the healthy adult human. Ann Nutr Metab 2001;45:13-8. View abstract.
  • Fisberg M, Machado R. History of yogurt and current patterns of consumption. Nutr Rev. 2015 Aug;73 Suppl 1:4-7. View abstract.
  • Fox MJ, Ahuja KD, Robertson IK, Ball MJ, Eri RD. Can probiotic yogurt prevent diarrhoea in children on antibiotics? A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled study. BMJ Open. 2015;5(1):e006474. View abstract.
  • Goldin BR. Health Benefits of probiotics. Br J Nutr 1998;80:S203-7. View abstract.
  • Guerin-Danan C, Chabanet C, Pedone C, et al. Milk fermented with yogurt cultures and Lactobacillus casei compared with yogurt and gelled milk: influence on intestinal microflora in healthy infants. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;67:111-7. View abstract.
  • Hemsworth JC, Hekmat S, Reid G. Micronutrient supplemented probiotic yogurt for HIV-infected adults taking HAART in London, Canada. Gut Microbes. 2012;3(5):414-9. View abstract.
  • Heydarian F, Kianifar HR, Ahanchian H, Khakshure A, Seyedi J, Moshirian D. A comparison between traditional yogurt and probiotic yogurt in non-inflammatory acute gastroenteritis. Saudi Med J. 2010 Mar;31(3):280-3. View abstract.
  • Hilton E, Isenberg HD, Alperstein P, et al. Ingestion of yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus as prophylaxis for candidal vaginitis. Ann Intern Med 1992;116:353-7. View abstract.
  • Hummelen R, Hemsworth J, Changalucha J, Butamanya NL, Hekmat S, Habbema JD, Reid G. Effect of micronutrient and probiotic fortified yogurt on immune-function of anti-retroviral therapy naive HIV patients. Nutrients. 2011 Oct;3(10):897-909. View abstract.
  • Irvine SL, Hummelen R, Hekmat S, Looman CW, Habbema JD, Reid G. Probiotic yogurt consumption is associated with an increase of CD4 count among people living with HIV/AIDS. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010 Oct;44(9):e201-5. View abstract.
  • Isolauri E, Juntunen M, Rautanen T, et al. A human Lactobacillus strain (Lactobacillus casei sp strain GG) promotes recovery from acute diarrhea in children. Pediatrics 1991;88:90-7. View abstract.
  • Kalima P, Masterton RG, Roddie PH, et al. Lactobacillus rhamnosus infection in a child following bone marrow transplant. J Infect 1996;32:165-7. View abstract.
  • Keast DR, Hill Gallant KM, Albertson AM, Gugger CK, Holschuh NM. Associations between yogurt, dairy, calcium, and vitamin D intake and obesity among U.S. children aged 8-18 years: NHANES, 2005-2008. Nutrients. 2015;7(3):1577-93. View abstract.
  • Kontiokari T, Sundqvist K, Nuutinen M, et al. Randomised trial of cranberry-lingonberry juice and Lactobacillus GG drink for the prevention of urinary tract infections in women. BMJ 2001;322:1571. View abstract.
  • Koyama S, Fujita H, Shimosato T, et al. Septicemia from Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, from a probiotic enriched yogurt, in a patient with autologous stem cell transplantation. Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2019;11(1):295-298. View abstract.
  • Küçükosmanoglu E, Özen E, Eltan SB, Özkars MY, Keskin Ö. Most children who are allergic to cow's milk tolerate yogurt. J Int Med Res. 2018;46(12):5099-5106. View abstract.
  • Kuru BE, Laleman I, Yalnizoglu T, Kuru L, Teughels W. The influence of a Bifidobacterium animalis probiotic on gingival health: A randomized controlled clinical trial. J Periodontol. 2017;88(11):1115-1123. View abstract.
  • Laue C, Papazova E, Liesegang A, et al. Effect of a yoghurt drink containing Lactobacillus strains on bacterial vaginosis in women - a double-blind, randomised, controlled clinical pilot trial. Benef Microbes. 2018 29;9(1):35-50. View abstract.
  • Lee HJ, Cho JI, Lee HS, Kim CI, Cho E. Intakes of dairy products and calcium and obesity in Korean adults: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) 2007-2009. PLoS One. 2014;9(6):e99085. View abstract.
  • Lerebours E, N'Djitoyap NC, Lavoine A, et al. Yogurt and fermented-then-pasteurized milk: effects of short-term and long-term ingestion on lactose absorption and mucosal lactase activity in lactase-deficient subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 1989;49:823-7. View abstract.
  • Li Q, Xing B. Vitamin D3-supplemented yogurt drink improves insulin resistance and lipid profiles in women with gestational diabetes mellitus: A randomized double blinded clinical trial. Ann Nutr Metab. 2016;68(4):285-90. View abstract.
  • Liu J, Tang W, Sang L, Dai X, Wei D, Luo Y, Zhang J. Milk, yogurt, and lactose intake and ovarian cancer risk: a meta-analysis. Nutr Cancer. 2015;67(1):68-72. View abstract.
  • MacGregor G, Smith AJ, Thakker B, Kinsella J. Yoghurt biotherapy: contraindicated in immunosuppressed patients? Postgrad Med J 2002;78:366-7. View abstract.
  • Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Sayon-Orea C, Ruiz-Canela M, de la Fuente C, Gea A, Bes-Rastrollo M. Yogurt consumption, weight change and risk of overweight/obesity: the SUN cohort study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2014;24(11):1189-96. View abstract.
  • Martini MC, Kukielka D, Savaiano DA. Lactose digestion from yogurt: influence of a meal and additional lactose. Am J Clin Nutr 1991;53:1253-8.. View abstract.
  • Merenstein DJ, Smith KH, Scriven M, Roberts RF, Sanders ME, Petterson S. The study to investigate the potential benefits of probiotics in yogurt, a patient-oriented, double-blind, cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010 Jul;64(7):685-91. View abstract.
  • Merenstein DJ, Tan TP, Molokin A, et al. Safety of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (B. lactis) strain BB-12-supplemented yogurt in healthy adults on antibiotics: a phase I safety study. Gut Microbes. 2015;6(1):66-77. View abstract.
  • Meydani SN, Ha WK. Immunologic effects of yogurt. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71:861-72. View abstract.
  • Nabavi S, Rafraf M, Somi MH, Homayouni-Rad A, Asghari-Jafarabadi M. Effects of probiotic yogurt consumption on metabolic factors in individuals with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. J Dairy Sci. 2014 Dec;97(12):7386-93View Abstract.
  • Neri A, Sabah G, Samra Z. Bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy treated with yogurt. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1993;72:17-9. View abstract.
  • Neuvonen PJ, Kivisto KT, Lehto P. Interference of dairy products with the absorption of ciprofloxacin. Clin Pharmacol Ther 1991;50:498-502. View abstract.
  • Nikooyeh B, Neyestani TR, Farvid M, et al. Daily consumption of vitamin D- or vitamin D + calcium-fortified yogurt drink improved glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011;93(4):764-71. View abstract.
  • Nizami SQ, Bhutta ZA, Molla AM. Efficacy of traditional rice-lentil-yogurt diet, lactose free milk protein-based formula and soy protein formula in management of secondary lactose intolerance with acute childhood diarrhea. J Trop Pediatr 1996;42:133-7. View abstract.
  • Panahi S, Gallant A, Tremblay A, Pérusse L, Després JP, Drapeau V. The relationship between yogurt consumption, body weight, and metabolic profiles in youth with a familial predisposition to obesity. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2019;73(4):541-548. View abstract.
  • Pashapour N, Iou SG. Evaluation of yogurt effect on acute diarrhea in 6-24-month-old hospitalized infants. Turk J Pediatr. 2006 Apr-Jun;48(2):115-8. View abstract.
  • Patro-Golab B, Shamir R, Szajewska H. Yogurt for treating acute gastroenteritis in children: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Nutr. 2015 Oct;34(5):818-24. View abstract.
  • Patro-Golab B, Shamir R, Szajewska H. Yogurt for treating antibiotic-associated diarrhea: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition. 2015;31(6):796-800. View abstract.
  • Pei R, DiMarco DM, Putt KK, et al. Low-fat yogurt consumption reduces biomarkers of chronic inflammation and inhibits markers of endotoxin exposure in healthy premenopausal women: a randomised controlled trial. Br J Nutr. 2017;118(12):1043-1051. View abstract.
  • Pinto GS, Cenci MS, Azevedo MS, Epifanio M, Jones MH. Effect of yogurt containing Bifidobacterium animalis subsp . lactis DN-173010 probiotic on dental plaque and saliva in orthodontic patients. Caries Res. 2014;48(1):63-8. View abstract.
  • Rautio M, Jousimies-Somer H, Kauma H, et al. Liver abscess due to Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain indistinguishable from L. rhamnosus strain GG. Clin Infect Dis 1999;28:1159-60. View abstract.
  • Redondo-Useros N, Gheorghe A, Díaz-Prieto LE, Villavisencio B, Marcos A, Nova E. Associations of probiotic fermented milk (PFM) and yogurt consumption with Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus components of the gut microbiota in healthy adults. Nutrients. 2019;11(3). pii: E651. View abstract.
  • Rizkalla SW, Luo J, Kabir M, et al. Chronic consumption of fresh but not heated yogurt improves breath-hydrogen status and short-chain fatty acid profiles: a controlled study in healthy men with or without lactose maldigestion. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;72:1474-9.. View abstract.
  • Rosado JL, Solomons NW, Allen LH. Lactose digestion from unmodified, low-fat and lactose-hydrolyzed yogurt in adult lactose-maldigesters. Eur J Clin Nutr 1992;46:61-7.. View abstract.
  • Santiago S, Sayón-Orea C, Babio N, et al. Yogurt consumption and abdominal obesity reversion in the PREDIMED study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2016 Jun;26(6):468-75. View abstract.
  • Saxelin M, Chuang NH, Chassy B, et al. Lactobacilli and bacteremia in southern Finland 1989-1992. Clin Infect Dis 1996;22:564-6. View abstract.
  • Schaafsma G, Meuling WJ, van Dokkum W, Bouley C. Effects of a milk product, fermented by Lactobacillus acidophilus and with fructo-oligosaccharides added, on blood lipids in male volunteers. Eur J Clin Nutr 1998;52:436-40. View abstract.
  • Shalev E, Battino S, Weiner E, et al. Ingestion of yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus compared with pasteurized yogurt as prophylaxis for recurrent candidal vaginitis and bacterial vaginosis. Arch Fam Med 1996;5:593-6. View abstract.
  • Sheu BS, Wu JJ, Lo CY, et al. Impact of supplement with Lactobacillus- and Bifidobacterium-containing yogurt on triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2002;16:1669-75.. View abstract.
  • Siitonen S, Vapaatalo H, Salminen S, et al. Effect of Lactobacillus GG yogurt in prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhea. Ann Med 1990;22:57-9. View abstract.
  • Suzuki T, Masui A, Nakamura J, et al. Yogurt Containing Lactobacillus gasseri Mitigates Aspirin-Induced Small Bowel Injuries: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Digestion. 2017;95(1):49-54. View abstract.
  • Touhami M, Boudraa G, Mary JY, et al. Clinical consequences of replacing milk with yogurt in persistent infantile diarrhea. Ann Pediatr (Paris) 1992;39:79-86. View abstract.
  • Wendakoon CN, Thomson AB, Ozimek L. Lack of therapeutic effect of a specially designed yogurt for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection. Digestion 2002;65:16-20.. View abstract.
  • Wheeler JG, Shema SJ, Bogle ML, et al. Immune and clinical impact of Lactobacillus acidophilus on asthma. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1997;79:229-33. View abstract.
  • White KM, Bauer SJ, Hartz KK, Baldridge M. Changes in body composition with yogurt consumption during resistance training in women. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2009 Feb;19(1):18-33. View abstract.
  • Wu L, Sun D. Consumption of Yogurt and the Incident Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Nine Cohort Studies. Nutrients. 2017;9(3). pii: E315. View abstract.
  • Yin OQ, Rudoltz M, Galetic I, Filian J, Krishna A, Zhou W, Custodio J, Golor G, Schran H. Effects of yogurt and applesauce on the oral bioavailability of nilotinib in healthy volunteers. J Clin Pharmacol. 2011 Nov;51(11):1580-6. View abstract.
  • Yoon H, Kim N, Kim JY, Park SY, Park JH, Jung HC, Song IS. Effects of multistrain probiotic-containing yogurt on second-line triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011 Jan;26(1):44-8. View abstract.
  • Zhang K, Dai H, Liang W, Zhang L, Deng Z. Fermented dairy foods intake and risk of cancer. Int J Cancer. 2019;144(9):2099-2108. View abstract.

Vitamins Survey

Have you ever purchased YOGURT?

Did you or will you purchase this product in-store or online?

Where did you or where do you plan to purchase this product?

Where did you or where do you plan to purchase this product?

What factors influenced or will influence your purchase? (check all that apply)

Vitamins Survey

Where did you or where do you plan to purchase this product?

Do you buy vitamins online or instore?

What factors are most important to you? (check all that apply)

This survey is being conducted by the WebMD marketing sciences department.Read More

More Resources for YOGURT

CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty .