GOLDENROD

OTHER NAME(S):

Aaron's Rod, Baguette d'Aaron, Canadian Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod, European Goldenrod, Gerbe d'Or, Herbe des Juifs, Solidage, Solidage du Canada, Solidago canadensis, Solidago gigantea, Solidago longifolia, Solidago serotina, Solidago virgaurea, Vara de Oro, Verge d'Or, Woundwort.

Overview

Overview Information

Goldenrod is an herb. People use the parts that grow above the ground for medicine.

Goldenrod is used for infections of the kidney, bladder, or urethra (urinary tract infections or UTIs), bladder stones, kidney stones, joint pain, hemorrhoids, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support any use.

The names "early goldenrod," "European goldenrod," and "Canadian goldenrod" are used interchangeably. Don't confuse this herb with mullein, which is sometimes called "goldenrod."

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Some experts warn that goldenrod may interfere with the body's response against COVID-19. There is no strong data to support this warning. But there is also no good data to support using goldenrod for COVID-19.

How does it work?

Goldenrod contains chemicals that may increase urine flow and reduce swelling. It might also kill bacteria and fungi.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Arthritis.
  • Asthma.
  • Bladder stones.
  • Diabetes.
  • Eczema (atopic dermatitis).
  • Enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH).
  • Gout.
  • Hay fever.
  • Hemorrhoids.
  • Infections of the kidney, bladder, or urethra (urinary tract infections or UTIs).
  • Internal bleeding.
  • Joint pain.
  • Kidney stones.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Inflammation of the mouth and throat, when applied directly.
  • Wound healing, when applied directly.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of goldenrod for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: There isn't enough reliable information to know if goldenrod is safe. It might cause heartburn.

When applied to the skin: There isn't enough reliable information to know if goldenrod is safe. It might cause allergic skin reactions.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if goldenrod is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Latex allergy: People who are allergic to latex might also be allergic to goldenrod. Avoid use if you have an allergy to latex.

Allergy to ragweed and related plants: Goldenrod may cause an allergic reaction in people who are sensitive to the Asteraceae/Compositae family. Members of this family include ragweed, chrysanthemums, chamomile, mugwort, sunflower, marigolds, daisies, and many others. If you have allergies, be sure to check with your healthcare provider before taking goldenrod.

Fluid retention (edema) due to heart or kidney conditions: "Irrigation therapy," during which goldenrod is taken with large amounts of fluids to increase urine flow, should not be attempted in people with fluid retention due to heart or kidney disease.

High blood pressure: There is a concern that goldenrod might make the body accumulate more sodium. This can make high blood pressure worse.

Interactions

Interactions?

Minor Interaction

Be watchful with this combination

!
  • Water pills (Diuretic drugs) interacts with GOLDENROD

    Goldenrod seems to work like "water pills" by causing the body to lose water. Taking goldenrod along with other "water pills" might cause the body to lose too much water. Losing too much water can cause you to be dizzy and your blood pressure to go too low.
    Some "water pills" include chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Thalitone), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, Hydrodiuril, Microzide), and others.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of goldenrod depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for goldenrod. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Bader, G., Plohmann, B., Hiller, K., and Franz, G. Cytotoxicity of triterpenoid saponins. Part 1: Activities against tumor cells in vitro and hemolytical index. Pharmazie 1996;51(6):414-417. View abstract.
  • Bader, G., Wray, V., and Hiller, K. Virgaureasaponin 3, a 3,28-bisdesmosidic triterpenoid saponin from Solidago virgaurea. Phytochemistry 1992;31(2):621-623. View abstract.
  • Borchert, V. E., Czyborra, P., Fetscher, C., Goepel, M., and Michel, M. C. Extracts from Rhois aromatica and Solidaginis virgaurea inhibit rat and human bladder contraction. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2004;369(3):281-286. View abstract.
  • Chodera, A., Dabrowska, K., Bobkiewicz-Kozlowska, T., Tkaczyk, J., Skrzypczak, L., and Budzianowski, J. [Effect of leiocarposide on experimental urinary calculi in rats]. Acta Pol.Pharm 1988;45(2):181-186. View abstract.
  • Chodera, A., Dabrowska, K., Senczuk, M., Wasik-Olejnik, A., Skrzypczak, L., Budzianowski, J., and Ellnain-Wojtaszek, M. [Diuretic effect of the glycoside from a plant of the Solidago L. genus]. Acta Pol.Pharm 1985;42(2):199-204. View abstract.
  • Chodera, A., Dabrowska, K., Skrzypczak, L., and Budzianowski, J. [Further studies on the diuretic effect of leiocarposide]. Acta Pol.Pharm 1986;43(5):499-503. View abstract.
  • Chodera, A., Dabrowska, K., Sloderbach, A., Skrzypczak, L., and Budzianowski, J. [Effect of flavonoid fractions of Solidago virgaurea L on diuresis and levels of electrolytes]. Acta Pol.Pharm 1991;48(5-6):35-37. View abstract.
  • Derda, M., Hadas, E., Thiem, B., and Sulek, A. [Amebicidal plants extracts]. Wiad.Parazytol. 2004;50(4):715-721. View abstract.
  • el Ghazaly, M., Khayyal, M. T., Okpanyi, S. N., and Arens-Corell, M. Study of the anti-inflammatory activity of Populus tremula, Solidago virgaurea and Fraxinus excelsior. Arzneimittelforschung 1992;42(3):333-336. View abstract.
  • Gross, S. C., Goodarzi, G., Watabe, M., Bandyopadhyay, S., Pai, S. K., and Watabe, K. Antineoplastic activity of Solidago virgaurea on prostatic tumor cells in an SCID mouse model. Nutr Cancer 2002;43(1):76-81. View abstract.
  • Laszig R. Goldrutenkraut bei chronischen/rezidivierenden Harnwegsinfekten. Jatros Uro 1999;15:39-43.
  • Metzner, J., Hirschelmann, R., and Hiller, K. [Antiphlogistic and analgesic effects of leiocarposide, a phenolic bisglucoside of Solidago virgaurea L.]. Pharmazie 1984;39(12):869-870. View abstract.
  • Okpanyi, S. N., Schirpke-von Paczensky, R., and Dickson, D. [Anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effect of various plant extracts and their combinations in an animal model]. Arzneimittelforschung 1989;39(6):698-703. View abstract.
  • Plohmann B, Franz G, Bader G, and Hiller K. Immunomodulatorische und antitumorale Aktivitat von Triterpensaponined aus
  • Plohmann, B., Bader, G., Hiller, K., and Franz, G. Immunomodulatory and antitumoral effects of triterpenoid saponins. Pharmazie 1997;52(12):953-957. View abstract.
  • Sampson, J. H., Phillipson, J. D., Bowery, N. G., O'Neill, M. J., Houston, J. G., and Lewis, J. A. Ethnomedicinally selected plants as sources of potential analgesic compounds: indication of in vitro biological activity in receptor binding assays. Phytother Res 2000;14(1):24-29. View abstract.
  • Schatzle, M., Agathos, M., and Breit, R. Allergic contact dermatitis from goldenrod (Herba solidaginis) after systemic administration. Contact Dermatitis 1998;39(5):271-272. View abstract.
  • Schilcher H and Rau H. Nachweis der aquaretischen Wirkung von Birkenblatter- und Goldrutenkrautauszugen im Tierversuch. Urologe B 1988;28:274-280.
  • Schmitt M. Echte Goldenrute normalisiert die Reizblase Effectiveundnebenwirkungsanme Behandlung abakterieller Cystitiden. TW Urol Nephrol 1996;8:133-135.
  • Uter, W., Nohle, M., Randerath, B., and Schwanitz, H. J. Occupational contact urticaria and late-phase bronchial asthma caused by compositae pollen in a florist. Am J Contact Dermat. 2001;12(3):182-184. View abstract.
  • Westendorf, J. and Vahlensieck, W. [Spasmolytic and contractile effects of a combination product from plants on the smooth muscle of the guinea pigs]. Arzneimittelforschung 1981;31(1):40-43. View abstract.
  • Bains SN, Hamilton RG, Abouhassan S, Lang D, Han Y, Hsieh FH. Identification of clinically relevant cross-sensitization between Soliadgo virgaurea (goldenrod) and Hevea brasiliensis (natural rubber latex). J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2010;20(4):331-9. View abstract.
  • Mishra D, Joshi S, Bisht G, Pilkhwal S. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of solidago canadensis linn. Root essential oil. J Basic Clin Pharm. 2010 Jun;1(3):187-90. View abstract.
  • Robbers JE, Tyler VE. Tyler's Herbs of Choice: The Therapeutic Use of Phytomedicinals. New York, NY: The Haworth Herbal Press, 1999.
  • Sutovská M, Capek P, Kocmálová M, Franová S, Pawlaczyk I, Gancarz R. Characterization and biological activity of Solidago canadensis complex. Int J Biol Macromol. 2013 Jan;52:192-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2012.09.021 View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

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