RICE BRAN

OTHER NAME(S):

Brown Rice Bran, Cereal Fiber, Dietary Fiber, Fibre Alimentaire, Fibre Céréali&egrave;re, Huile de Son de Riz, Oryza sativa, Rice Bran Oil, Ricebran Oil, Riz de Son, Salvado de Arroz, Son de Riz, Son de Riz Brun, Son de Riz Stabilisé, Stabilized Rice Bran.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Rice is a plant. The outer layer of the grain (bran) and the oil made from the bran are used for medicine. Rice bran oil is popular as a “healthy oil” in Japan, Asia, and particularly India. Be careful not to confuse rice bran with other forms of bran such as oat and wheat bran.

Rice bran is used for treating diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, alcoholism, obesity, and AIDS; for preventing stomach and colon cancer; for preventing heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease; for strengthening the immune system; for increasing energy and improving athletic performance; for improving liver function; and as an antioxidant.

Rice bran oil is also used for high cholesterol.

Some people apply rice bran directly to the skin for an allergic skin rash called eczema (ectopic dermatitis).

How does it work?

Rice bran might help lower cholesterol because the oil it contains has substances that might decrease cholesterol absorption and increase cholesterol elimination. One of the substances in rice bran might decrease calcium absorption; this might help reduce the formation of certain types of kidney stones.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Effective for

  • High cholesterol, when added to a reduced-fat diet. Following a low-fat diet and taking 85 grams of full-fat rice bran per day seems to lower total cholesterol by 8% and “bad” low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol by 14%. Rice bran does not seem to affect other blood fats such as triglycerides or “good” high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Taking 11.8 grams of rice bran in a reduced-fat form doesn’t work as well. Both full-fat and reduced-fat rice bran work about as well as oat bran for reducing high cholesterol.

    Rice bran oil also seems to be effective for high cholesterol. There is some evidence that rice bran oil can reduce total cholesterol by 14%, LDL by 20%, triglycerides by 20%, and increase HDL by 41%.
  • Preventing kidney stones in people with high levels of calcium.
  • Allergic skin rash (atopic dermatitis).
  • Preventing stomach cancer.

Possibly Ineffective for

  • Preventing cancer of the colon (bowels) or rectum.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Diabetes.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Alcoholism.
  • Weight loss.
  • AIDS.
  • Strengthening the immune system.
  • Increasing energy.
  • Enhancing athletic performance.
  • Improving liver function.
  • Preventing heart and blood vessel disease.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of rice bran for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Rice bran is safe for most people when taken by mouth. Increasing the amount of bran in the diet can cause unpredictable bowel movements, intestinal gas, and stomach discomfort during the first few weeks.

Rice bran is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when added to baths, but it can cause itching and skin redness. People have experienced rash and itching from rice bran infested with a pest called the straw itch mite, but this is rare.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Rice bran is safe in amounts found in food, but there's not enough information to know if it's safe in the larger amounts that are used as medicine.

Gastrointestinal (GI) conditions: Don’t use rice bran if you have a digestive tract problem such as intestinal ulcers, adhesions, conditions that cause narrowing or blockage of the digestive tract, slow digestion, or other stomach or intestinal disorders. The fiber in rice brain could block your digestive tract.

Swallowing: Use rice bran with caution if you have trouble swallowing. The fiber it contains might cause choking.

Interactions

Interactions?

Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination

!
  • Medications taken by mouth (Oral drugs) interacts with RICE BRAN

    Rice bran contains a large amount of fiber. Fiber can decrease how much medicine the body absorbs. Taking rice bran along with medicine you take by mouth can decrease the effectiveness of your medication. To prevent this interaction take rice bran at least one hour after medications you take by mouth.

Dosing

Dosing

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

BY MOUTH:

  • For lowering high cholesterol: 12-84 grams rice bran per day or 4.8 grams rice bran oil per day.
  • For reducing the risk of kidney stones: 10 grams rice bran twice daily for 3 to 5 years.

View References

REFERENCES:

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  • Anon. Consensus statement on cereals, fibre and colorectal and breast cancers. Proceedings of the European Cancer Prevention consensus meeting. Santa Margheritia, Italy, 2-5 October 1997. Eur J Cancer Prev 1998;7:S1-83. View abstract.
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  • Covington TR, et al. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs. 11th ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmaceutical Association, 1996.
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  • Ebisuno S, Morimoto S, Yoshida T, et al. Rice-bran treatment for calcium stone formers with idiopathic hypercalciuria. Br J Urol 1986;58:592-5. View abstract.
  • Fuchs CS, Giovannucci EL, Colditz GA, et al. Dietary fiber and the risk of colorectal cancer and adenoma in women. N Engl J Med 1999;340:169-76. View abstract.
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  • Ghoneum M. Anti-HIV activity in vitro of MGN-3, an activated arabinoxylane from rice bran. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1998;243:25-9. View abstract.
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  • Jahnen A, Heynck H, Gertz B, et al. Dietary fibre: the effectiveness of a high bran intake in reducing renal calcium excretion. Urol Res 1992;20:3-6. View abstract.
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  • Ohkawa T, Ebisuno S, Kitagawa M, et al. Rice bran treatment for patients with hypercalciuric stones: experimental and clinical studies. J Urol 1984;132:1140-5. View abstract.
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More Resources for RICE BRAN

CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

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