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What causes secondary dysmenorrhea?

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Several conditions can cause it, such as these:

  • Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue lining the uterus (the endometrium) is found outside of the uterus.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection caused by bacteria that starts in the uterus and can spread to other reproductive organs.
  • Stenosis (narrowing) of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus, can be caused by scarring, as well as a lack of estrogen after menopause.
  • The inner wall of the uterus may have growths called fibroids.

From: What Are Menstrual Cramps? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:  The American Academy of Family Physicians.

WomensHealth.gov: “Menstruation and the Menstrual Cycle.”

Mayo Clinic: “Menstrual Cramps.”

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on March 30, 2019

SOURCES:  The American Academy of Family Physicians.

WomensHealth.gov: “Menstruation and the Menstrual Cycle.”

Mayo Clinic: “Menstrual Cramps.”

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on March 30, 2019

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When should you call your doctor about menstrual cramps?

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