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    Barakat Syndrome

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Barakat Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • None

    General Discussion

    Barakat syndrome is a rare genetic disorder with clinical diversity, characterized by hypoparathyroidism (decreased function of the parathyroid glands which are small endocrine glands in the neck whose main function is to maintain the body calcium level), nerve deafness and kidney disease. Patients may present with hypocalcaemia, involuntary contraction of muscles (tetany), or afebrile convulsions at any age. Hearing loss is usually bilateral and may range from mild to profound impairment. Reported kidney abnormalities include nephrotic syndrome (kidney damage resulting in loss of large amounts of protein in the urine), chronic kidney disease, hematuria (blood in the urine), proteinuria (increased protein excretion in the urine), and various congenital kidney anomalies including cystic kidney, renal dysplasia (disorganized kidney tissue), hypoplasia (abnormally small Kidney), or aplasia (absence of kidney), and urologic abnormalities such as pevicalyceal deformity and vesicoureteral reflux.

    Other abnormalities associated with the syndrome include female genital malformations (agenesis of vagina and uterus, ovarian cyst), ocular abnormalities (retinitis pigmentosa, nystagmus, pseudopapilledima, ptosis), psychomotor delay and growth failure.

    Resources

    Hypoparathyroidism Association, Inc.
    PO Box 2258
    Idaho Falls, ID 83403
    Tel: (866)213-0394
    Fax: (205)524-3857
    Tel: (866)213-0394
    Email: hpth@hypopara.org. hpth@hypopara.org. hpth@hypopara.org. hpth@hypopara.org
    Internet: http://www.hypopara.org

    National Kidney Foundation
    30 East 33rd Street
    New York, NY 10016
    Tel: (212)889-2210
    Fax: (212)689-9261
    Tel: (800)622-9010
    Email: info@kidney.org
    Internet: http://www.kidney.org

    American Society for Deaf Children
    800 Florida Avenue NE
    2047
    Washington, DC 20002-3695
    Tel: (866)895-4206
    Fax: (410)795-0965
    Tel: (800)942-2732
    Email: asdc@deafchildren.org
    Internet: http://www.deafchildren.org

    National Association of the Deaf
    8630 Fenton Street
    Suite 820
    Silver Springs, MD 20910
    USA
    Tel: (301)587-1788
    Fax: (301)587-1791
    TDD: (301)587-1789
    Email: NADinfo@nad.org
    Internet: http://www.nad.org

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    Madisons Foundation
    PO Box 241956
    Los Angeles, CA 90024
    Tel: (310)264-0826
    Fax: (310)264-4766
    Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 1/31/2012
    Copyright 2008, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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