It is possible that the main title of the report Hypoparathyroidism is not the name you expected.
- Acquired Hypoparathyroidism
- Autoimmune Hypoparathyroidism
- Congenital Hypoparathyroidism
- Idiopathic Hypoparathyroidism
Hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition in which the parathyroid glands fail to produce sufficient amounts of functional parathyroid hormone. The parathyroid glands are part of the endocrine system, the network of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream where they travel to various areas of the body. These hormones regulate the chemical processes (metabolism) that influence the function of various organs and activities within the body. Hormones are involved in numerous vital processes including regulating heart rate, body temperature and blood pressure as well as cell differentiation and growth and also in modulation of several metabolic processes. Parathyroid hormone (along with vitamin D and the hormone calcitonin, which is produced by the thyroid gland) plays a role in regulating the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. Due to a deficiency of parathyroid hormone, individuals may exhibit abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood (hypocalcemia) and high levels of phosphorus.
Hypocalcemia can cause a variety of symptoms including weakness, muscle cramps, excessive nervousness, headaches, and/or uncontrollable twitching and cramping spasms of certain muscles such as those of the hands, feet, arms, and/or face (tetany). The most common cause of hypoparathyroidism is damage to or removal of the parathyroid glands due to surgery for another condition. Hypoparathyroidism can also be caused by an autoimmune process or can occur for unknown reasons (idiopathic) or in association with a number of different underlying disorders.
In extremely rare cases, hypoparathyroidism may occur as a genetic disorder. Such cases can include familial hypoparathyroidism, which may be inherited as an autosomal recessive, autosomal dominant or X-linked recessive trait. NORD has a separate report on familial isolated hypoparathyroidism.
Hypoparathyroidism Association, Inc.
PO Box 2258
Idaho Falls, ID 83403
Email: email@example.com. firstname.lastname@example.org. email@example.com. firstname.lastname@example.org
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases
Office of Communications & Public Liaison
Bldg 31, Rm 9A06
31 Center Drive, MSC 2560
Bethesda, MD 20892-2560
Thyroid Foundation of Canada
263 MCG Building
QC, H9R 1A3
8401 Connecticut Ave
Chevy Chase, MD 20815
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
31 Center Dr
Building 31, Room 2A32
Bethesda, MD 20892
American Thyroid Association
6066 Leesburg Pike, Suite 550
Falls Church, VA 22041
Hormone Health Network
8401 Connecticut Avenue
Chevy Chase, MD 20815-5817
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126