Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Bipolar Disorder Health Center

Font Size

How to Recognize Bipolar Disorder

People with bipolar disorder often switch from feeling overly happy and energetic (or irritable) to feeling very sad. Between these mood extremes, they may have normal moods. Because of the extreme highs and lows, this condition is sometimes called manic depression or bipolar depression.

There are many symptoms of mania and depression in bipolar disorder. Many of these could apply to anyone, depending on whether we're having an up or down day. However, with bipolar disorder more symptoms occur daily for weeks or months, even years. The shifts between depression and mania involve mood, energy, and the ability to function.

Recommended Related to Bipolar Disorder

Treatments for Mania in Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a serious mood disorder that affects more than 10 million Americans. Unlike depression, bipolar disorder is equally common in men and women. The onset of the condition typically occurs in the early 20s, but (although rare) the first symptoms can appear in early childhood or late in life. Although some people may have only one episode, bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition that usually involves recurrent episodes. It's usually marked by episodes of mania or hypomania (low-grade...

Read the Treatments for Mania in Bipolar Disorder article > >

"Bipolar disorder often gets confused with ADHD in children," says Michael Aronson, MD, a clinical psychiatrist and consultant for WebMD. "There are very similar symptoms, the distractibility, the periods of depression."

Childhood or adolescent bipolar disorder is often the most difficult diagnosis to make, Aronson tells WebMD. "It can be difficult to distinguish whether it's normal mood swings, bipolar disorder, or ADHD. Also, in adolescence, depression manifests itself differently than in adults. There's anger, irritability, rebellious behavior, drug use. Drug abuse is in the spectrum of symptoms of bipolar disorder." To better differentiate recurrent anger outbursts from bipolar disorder in children and adolescents, a new diagnostic category called Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) has been created.

In adults, other problems often accompany bipolar disorder. Women with bipolar disorder are more prone to have four or more episodes in a one-year period -- called "rapid cycling." They're also more likely to have mania and depressive symptoms in the same episode -- called an episode with "mixed features." Also, up to about 60% of all people with bipolar disorder have drug or alcohol dependence, seasonal depression, or certain anxiety disorders, like posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The effects of street drugs can sometimes cause depression or mimic the symptoms of mania, making diagnoses especially challenging in substance abusers and not always straightforward.

Signs of mania: increased activity; less need for sleep; overly euphoric mood; racing thoughts; forceful, rapid speech.

Signs of depression: sad or anxious mood; excessive feelings of guilt or worthlessness; loss of interest in pleasurable activities (like sex); difficulty concentrating.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg, MD on July 08, 2014

Today on WebMD

lunar eclipse
Signs of mania and depression.
Pills on blank prescription paper
Learn about this popular bipolar disorder medication.
serious looking young woman
Assess your symptoms.
teen girl in bad mood
How is each one different?
Feeling Ups and Downs
Bipolar or Schizo
Foods to Avoid
Man being scolded by his shadow
lunar eclipse
depressed man
young women not speaking
man talking with therapist