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    Understanding Bipolar Disorder

    If you have just been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, you might feel frightened. The future may seem terribly uncertain. What will this mean for your life, your family, and your job?

    But getting an accurate diagnosis is actually good news. It means you can finally get the treatment you need. People with bipolar disorder usually go about 10 years before being accurately diagnosed.

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    10 Questions to Ask Doctor About Bipolar Disorder

    Since you were recently diagnosed with bipolar disorder, ask your doctor these questions at your next visit. 1. What are the chances my children or other family members can inherit bipolar disorder? 2. What’s the difference between bipolar I and bipolar II disorder? Which do I have? 3. How do I decide which medications are most helpful for my condition and how do they work? 4. What should I do if I forget to take any of my medications for bipolar disorder? 5. What are the major warning signs...

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    Treatment can make a huge difference. With a combination of things -- good medical care, medication, talk therapy, lifestyle changes, and the support of friends and family -- you can feel better. Bipolar disorder -- or manic depression, as it used to be called -- may not have a cure. But plenty of people with this condition do well; they have families and jobs and live normal lives.

    What Is Bipolar Disorder?

    There are two major types of bipolar disorder.

    • Type I causes periods of mania that often alternate with periods of depression. These periods might last for weeks or months.
    • Type II causes periods of depression that alternate with a less severe form of mania called hypomania.

    There are also other types of bipolar disorder. Cyclothymia is characterized by frequent but milder changes in your mood. Rapid cycling is a term used to describe cases of bipolar I or II disorder, in which mood episodes occur 4 or more times over a 1-year period. Women are more likely to have this type of illness course than men and it can come and go at any time in the course of bipolar disorder. Rapid cycling is driven largely by depression and carries an increased risk for suicidal thoughts or behaviors.

    Whatever type of bipolar disorder you have, there is a still lot of variation from person to person. While some people are beset with frequent mood swings, others go years or even decades before having another. Everyone's experience is different.

    Why Me?

    Bipolar disorder can make you feel utterly alone. But that really isn't the case. More than 2 million adults in the U.S. are coping with bipolar disorder right now.

    It's important not to blame yourself for your condition. Bipolar disorder is a physical illness, not a sign of personal weakness. It's like diabetes, heart disease, or any other health condition.

    The important thing is to focus on the future. Living with bipolar disorder can be tough. But don't let it hijack your life. Instead, take action and regain control of your health. With dedication and the help of your health care providers, you can feel better again.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg, MD on October 27, 2014

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