Stages of Cervical Cancer
In stage III, cancer has spread to the lower third of the vagina, and/or to the pelvic wall, and/or has caused kidney problems. Stage III is divided into stages IIIA and IIIB, based on how far the cancer has spread.
- Stage IIIA: Cancer has spread to the lower third of the vagina but not to the pelvic wall.
- Stage IIIB:
- Cancer has spread to the pelvic wall and/or the tumor has become large enough to block the ureters (the tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder). This blockage can cause the kidneys to enlarge or stop working. Cancer may also have spread to lymph nodes in the pelvis; or
- Cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the pelvis and may be in the uterus, the pelvic wall and/or lower third of the vagina, and/or has caused the kidneys to stop working.
In stage IV, cancer has spread to the bladder, rectum, or other parts of the body. Stage IV is divided into stages IVA and IVB, based on where the cancer is found.
- Stage IVA: Cancer has spread to the bladder or rectal wall, and/or beyond the pelvis. Cancer may also have spread to lymph nodes in the pelvis.
- Stage IVB: Cancer has spread beyond the pelvis and pelviclymph nodes to other places in the body, such as the abdomen, liver, intestinal tract, lungs, bones, or distant lymph nodes.